January—April 2013 AfCiC News Action for Children in Conflict (AfCiC) "Working towards a world of equal and sustainable opportunities for every Child From street freedom to a life of Hope Who is AfCiC? The Interim Care Centre for street chil- sional authority. They are incorporated in streets, things were not different. We
Sooner or later, every man in Australia runs into problems with impotency cialis australia like other bodily functions, must be in order.
LayoutIPS e.max –
one system for every indication
all you need
IPS e.max − one system for every indication
Dental patients of today are looking for more than just a IPS e.max allows you to offer your patients exceptionally healthy and functional restorative solution. Esthetics is beautiful restorations which also demonstrate high playing an increasingly important role in their choice of mechanical strength. You are bound to appreciate the dental restorations. As all-ceramics are both biocompatible wide range of possibilities that this innovative all-ceramic and esthetic, these materials are rapidly growing in system will open up to you.
IPS e.max Ceram on IPS e.max CAD (Dr A Kurbad / K Reichel,Germany) Total restoration withIPS e.max fabricated by IPS e.max Ceram on IPS e.max Press (Dr U Brodbeck, Switzerland / Prof. Dr. D. Edelhoff / O. Brix, Germany J Seger, Ivoclar Vivadent, Liechtenstein) A sophisticated concept IPS e.max is the sum of many good ideas. The system The system comprises a single veneering ceramic, which allows you to select the most suitable all-ceramic material, offers decisive advantages in combination work (lithium depending on the indication at hand and the required disilicate and oxide ceramics). All IPS e.max restorations strength of the restoration.
demonstrate the same wear properties and surface gloss −irrespective of the framework material used. Therefore, Lithium disilicate (LS2) is used to fabricate restorations for the same esthetic appearance is achieved throughout the single teeth in the anterior and posterior regions. The different parts of the restoration.
material exhibits exceptional esthetic properties.
In addition, IPS e.max crowns and bridges can be placed The zirconium oxide ceramic IPS e.max ZirCAD is the using not only adhesive but also self-adhesive and con- material of choice for larger restorations, for example, ventional methods.
posterior bridges that are exposed to high masticatoryforces.
• Highly esthetic lithium disilicate for single-tooth restorations • High-strength zirconium oxide for bridges Total restoration with IPS e.max • One layering ceramic for predictable shade results and same clinical behaviour − (Prof Dr D Edelhoff / O Brix, Germany) even in combination work • Adhesive, self-adhesive and conventional cementation Lithium disilicate – esthetic and versatile The lithium disilicate ceramic (LS2) of the IPS e.max system Due to their natural-looking colour and optimal light trans- shows that esthetics and strength can be successfully com- mission, lithium disilicate restorations offer highly esthetic bined. This is particularly true in single-tooth restorations, solutions. Depending on the needs of the patient, the res- because this innovative ceramic produces esthetic results, torations can be veneered with a highly esthetic material or while it is 2 ½ to 3 times stronger than other glass-ceramics.
they can be fabricated to full contour and then economicallycharacterized.
Lithium disilicate has many uses. Its indication spectrum ranges from thin veneers (0.3 mm) and minimally invasive Even if the tooth's core is dark in colour (eg discoloured inlays and onlays to partial crowns, full crowns and three- stump or titanium abutments), you no longer have to resort unit anterior bridges. Of course, implant superstructures to zirconium oxide or metal-ceramic solutions. You can in- can also be produced with this material.
form the dental laboratory about the colour that needs to bemasked and the dental technician in charge will choose the Because of its high strength of 360 - 400 MPa, restorations IPS e.max lithium disilicate material with the required opacity fabricated with this material can be cemented with different to restore the natural esthetic appearance of the tooth.
after:Dr U Brodbeck, Switzerland /J Seger, Ivoclar Vivadent, Liechtenstein • Highly esthetic solutions • Long-lasting restorations due their high strength • Versatile use and very wide range of indications • Lifelike esthetic results − irrespective of the colour of the prepared tooth • Adhesive, self-adhesive and conventional cementation Dr S Kina, Brazil / G Ubassy, France Zirkonium oxide – high strength and high performance You can depend on zirconium oxide in situations where high Your dental technician can even fabricate a classical strength is required, for example, in long-span bridges.
inlay-retained bridge with all-ceramic materialsaccording to minimally invasive principles. This type Zirconium oxide is presently the strongest all-ceramic avail- of restoration optimally combines the strength of able for dental applications. It is additionally characterized IPS e.max ZirCAD frameworks with the esthetics and by excellent biocompatibility and low heat conductivity. Be- precision fit of pressed ceramics. IPS e.max ZirPress cause of its excellent final strength, IPS e.max ZirCAD also for the press-on technique contains fluorapatite and fulfills clinical requirements. For example, it stands up to the therefore successfully masks zirconium oxide frame- strong masticatory forces in the posterior region without difficulty. Zirconium-reinforced restorations are veneeredwith the IPS e.max Ceram layering ceramic. Alternatively,IPS e.max ZirPress can be pressed onto them.
IPS e.max Ceram on IPS e.max ZirCADProf Dr D Edelhoff/ O Brix, Germany "All-ceramic inlay-retained bridges offer an interesting treatment option for thefuture, as they involve a minimally invasive technique and show outstanding esthet-ics. The framework structure made of the partially sintered zirconium oxide ceramicin combination with a glass-ceramic (IPS e.max ZirPress) seems to have solved thestrength problem at last." Prof Dr D Edelhoff, Germany IPS e.max ZirPress/ZirCAD inlay-retainedbridge adhesively luted with Multilink INN-Keramik, Austria • High performance even in the posterior region thanks to unrivalled strength and high fracture toughness • Excellent biocompatibility and low heat conductivity • Minimally invasive, all-ceramic inlay-retained bridges in combination with IPS e.max ZirPress The Straumann® AnatomicIPS e.max® Abutment The new Straumann Anatomic IPS e.max Abutment hasbeen specially developed for use with the StraumannBone Level Implant (Regular CrossFit) and the compo-nents of the IPS e.max system. Therefore, your dentallaboratory can fabricate an indirect IPS e.max restorationfor the abutment, for example, using lithium disilicate.
Alternatively, you may choose to have the abutmentveneered or a ceramic material pressed directly onto it.
The Straumann Anatomic IPS e.max Abutment is a high-strength, anatomically shaped zirconium oxide abutmentthat exhibits exceptional fit. It is supplied in two shades:MO 0 and MO 1.
All your work will benefit from the smooth shade transi-tion between the abutment and the crown, which furtherenhances the esthetics of your IPS e.max restorations.
The abutment is available exclusively from Straumann.
The Straumann® AnatomicIPS e.max® Abutment The strong connection between the implant and
The number of patients who are choosing implant-retainedrestorations over other dental solutions is growing rapidly.
IPS e.max offers you a host of possibilities for satisfying therequirements of these patients with all-ceramics. The newzirconium oxide abutment is suitable for the fabrication ofhighly esthetic implant-retained IPS e.max restorations. It iscoordinated with the IPS e.max system and the StraumannBone Level Implant (Regular CrossFit).
IPS e.max Ceram – vibrant and natural You will appreciate the benefits offered by the fact that the Irrespective of the framework material you choose, IPS e.max IPS e.max system features only one layering ceramic. You can Ceram allows you to smoothly integrate different types of choose a suitable framework material, for example, lithium restorations. Since all the IPS e.max restorations are veneered disilicate ceramic or zirconium oxide, depending on the indi- with the same ceramic material, they exhibit the same wear cation to be treated and the required strength. Your dental properties and surface gloss. The outcome is a uniform technician will veneer all the different IPS e.max frameworks with the highly esthetic IPS e.max Ceram layering ceramic toimpart the restorations with individual character and natural-looking vibrancy.
IPS e.max Ceram on four different materials (from left to right):IPS e.max Press, IPS e.max ZirPress, IPS e.max ZirCAD, IPS e.max CADMDT T Michel, Germany "The difficulties associated with restoring complex patient cases in a shade-matching, highlyesthetic manner by means of different all-ceramic materials are a thing of the past with IPSe.max and IPS e.max Ceram. Thanks to only one layering ceramic with outstanding estheticproperties, optimum integration is possible, no matter which framework material is used. Theclinical properties as regards polishing, surface gloss and wear behaviour are not only convincingto me as a dentist but also to patients. The choice between adhesive and conventional cementa-tion for the different materials considerably facilitates routine dental procedures." Prof Dr D Edelhoff, Germany IPS e.max restoration with gingival partsMDT T Michel, Germany • One layering ceramic for glass-ceramic and zirconium oxide frameworks • Predictable shade results and the same clinical behavior as regards wear and surface gloss, independent of the framework material IPS e.max Ceram on IPS e.max Press • Nano-fluorapatite for highly esthetic properties (Prof Dr D Edelhoff / O Brix, Germany) Cementation − flexible and proven IPS e.max restorations are flexible with regard to their Variolink® II / Variolink® Veneer
cementation requirements. Crowns and bridges can be The dual-curing, highly esthetic luting composite Variolink II cemented according to adhesive, self-adhesive and con- has been successfully used for more than ten years and ventional methods. Inlays and veneers are cemented offers excellent clinical results. The light-curing Variolink adhesively as usual.
Veneer is especially indicated for the adhesive cementationof veneers, as it can be used to enhance shade and trans- Depending on the indication, you may choose between lucency effects.
Cementation with Multilink Automix adhesive and conventional materials from the Ivoclar (Dr A Kurbad / K Reichel, Germany) Vivadent cementation assortment.
The universal, dual-curing luting composite offers a wide
In general, lithium disilicate (LS2) is etched before it is placed.
range of indications. It provides high bonding strengths and Before restorations are placed with adhesive or self-adhesive a good long-term adhesion. Multilink Automix is used cementation materials, they are conditioned with together with the Primer A/B, which seals the dentin and Monobond® Plus.
provides a good marginal seal.
Cementation with Vivaglass CEM The new self-adhesive, dual-curing cementation composite (Dr A Kurbad / K Reichel, Germany) is even easier to process than a conventional cement andadditionally offers the benefits of a composite, such ashigher bonding values and translucency as well as a lowersolubility in water.
This classical self-curing glass ionomer cement is suitable
for the cementation of high-strength ceramics such as
IPS e.max. It contains a particularly transparent glass filler
for achieving highly esthetic results.
Cementation with Variolink Veneer(Dr S Kina, Brazil / A Bruguera, Spain) IPS e.max –
one system for every indication
This brochure is also available ina version for dental technicians.
all you need
Ivoclar Vivadent AG
Descriptions and data constitute no warranty Principality of Liechtenstein of attributes.
Tel. +423 / 235 35 35 Printed in Germany Fax +423 / 235 33 60 Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Schaan/Liechtenstein627430/0709/e/W
Boletín de GÆA Sociedad Argentina de Estudios Geográficos Número 133 - 2014 1934 - 80° ANIVERSARIO - 2014 Buenos Aires - República Argentina Boletín de GÆA - 133 Boletín de GÆA Fundado por GÆA Sociedad Argentina de Estudios Geográficos en 1934 COMO CITAR ARTÍCULOS DE ESTE NUMERO