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Annual Report 2009
SINO BIOPHARMACEUTICAL LIMITED
SINO BIOPHARMACEUTICAL LIMITED
(Incorporated in the Cayman Islands with Limited Liability) (Stock Code: 1177)


Corporate Profile Financial Summary Chairman's Statement Management Discussion and Analysis Corporate Governance Report Report of Directors Directors and Senior Management Profile Corporate Information Independent Auditors' Report Audited Financial Statements Statement of Comprehensive Income Statement of Financial Position Statement of Changes in Equity Statement of Cash Flows Statement of Financial Position Notes to Financial Statements Annual Report 2009








Corporate Profi le
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited (the "Company"), together with its subsidiaries and jointly-controlled entity (the "Group"), is an integrated pharmaceutical enterprise. Applying advanced biotechnology and modernized Chinese medicinal technology, the Group researches, develops, manufactures and markets a vast array of health enhancing biopharmaceuticals, modernized Chinese medicines and chemical medicines. The Group has also, through its wholly-owned subsidiary Chia Tai Refined Chemical Industry Limited, entered into an agreement to establish a joint venture engaging in the refining of coal to olefin products in Yulin City, Shaanxi Province, the People's Republic of China (the "PRC").
The Group's pharmaceutical products can be grouped under two major therapeutic categories of cardio-cerebral diseases and hepatitis. It also actively develops medicines for treating tumors, analgesia, respiratory system diseases, diabetes and digestive system diseases to meet the increasing demands of the market, medical practitioners and patients.
Cardio-cerebral medicines: Kaishi (Alprostadil) injections, Spring (Purarin) injections Hepatitis medicines: Mingzheng (Adefovir Dipivoxil) capsules, Tianqingganmei (Magnesium Isoglycyrrhizinate) injections, Ganlixin (Diammonium Glycyrrhizinate) injections and capsules, Tianqingganping (Diammonium Glycyrrhizinate) enteric capsules and Tianqingfuxin (Marine) injections and Oncology medicines: Tianqingyitai (Zolebronate Acid) injections Analgesic medicines: Kaifen (Flurbiprofen Axetil) injections Products with great potential:
Cardio-cerebral medicines: Tianqingganan (Glycerin and Fructose) injections, Tianqingning (Hydroxyethylstarch 130) injections Oncology medicines: Renyi (Pamidronate Disodium) injections Respiratory system medicines: Tianqingzhengshu (Loratadine) tablets Diabetic medicines: Taibai (Metformin Hydrochloride) sustained release tablets, Beijia (Nateglinide) tablets "Award for Outstanding Chinese Patented Invention" jointly granted by World Postdoctoral Scientific Research Workshop Intellectual Property Organization and State Intellectual Property Office of the PRC Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Corporate Profi le
The medicines which have received Good Manufacturing Practice ("GMP") certifications issued by the State Food and Drug Administration of the PRC are in the following dosage forms: large volume injections, small volume injections, PVC-free soft bags for intravenous injections, capsules, tablets, powdered medicines and granulated medicines. The Group also received the GMP Certification for Health Food in capsules from the Department of Health of Jiangsu Province.
The Group's jointly-controlled entity, Beijing Tide Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. ("Beijing Tide") has received the GMP certification for foreign pharmaceutical company from the Public Welfare and Health Ministry of Japan in February 2008. Since then, the Japanese pharmaceutical enterprises have assigned the manufacturing of aseptic pharmaceutical products (products that are under research and products already launched to the domestic market within Japan) to Beijing Tide and have exported to Japan.
The Group's several principal subsidiaries: Jiangsu Chia Tai – Tianqing Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. ("JCTT"), Nanjing Chia Tai Tianqing Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. ("NJCTT"), Beijing Chia Tai Green Continent Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. ("CT Green Continent"), Jiangsu Chia Tai Fenghai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. ("Jiangsu Fenghai"), Jiangsu Chia Tai Qingjiang Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. ("Jiangsu Qingjiang") and Qingdao Chia Tai Haier Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. ("Qingdao Haier") and jointly-controlled entity, Beijing Tide have been designated "High and New Technology Enterprises". Beijing Tide also received the "Key New and High Technology Enterprise" certificate from the High–tech Industry Development Center of the Ministry of Science and Technology of the PRC in June, 2006.
Named by the Ministry of Personnel of the PRC as a "Postdoctoral Research and Development Institute", the research center of JCTT is also the only "New Hepatitis Medicine Research Center" in the country.
The Company has been selected as a constituent of Hang Seng Composite Industry Index – Consumer Goods and Hang Seng Composite Small Cap Index with effect from 8 March, 2010.
The Group's website: http://www.sinobiopharm.com Beijing Chia Tai Green Continent
Jiangsu Chia Tai-Tianqing
Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
R&D, Manufacture & Sales
Jiangsu Chia Tai Qingjiang
Lianyungang Chia Tai Tianqing
Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Medicine Co., Ltd.
Manufacture & Sales
Sales & distribution
China Biotech &
Nanjing Chia Tai Tianqing
Drug Development Limited
Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
R&D, Manufacture & Sales
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited
Qingdao Chia Tai Haier
Beijing Tide
Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Manufacture & Sales
R&D, Manufacture & Sales
Qingdao Hang Seng Tang
Jiangsu Chia Tai Fenghai
Pharmacy Co., Ltd.
Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Sales & distribution
R&D, Manufacture & Sales
Medicines Co., Ltd.
Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Sales & distribution
Manufacture & Sales
Chia Tai Qingchunbao
Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
R&D, Manufacture & Sales
Annual Report 2009 A summary of the published results and assets, liabilities and minority interests of the Group for the last five financial years, as extracted from the audited financial statements and reclassified as appropriate, is set out below. This summary does not form part of the audited financial statements.
2008 2007 2006 2005 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 CONTINUING OPERATIONS 3,243,649
1,164,274 734,652 756,073 (639,636)
(473,245) (205,764) (138,788) (139,418) 2,604,013
1,808,968 958,510 595,864 616,655 Other income and gains 95,006 98,367 91,486 28,599 Selling and distribution costs (1,287,499)
(876,591) (503,751) (327,720) (310,609) Administrative expenses (416,852)
(305,493) (154,708) (121,802) (110,866) Other operating expenses (151,568)
(112,492) (53,743) (31,254) (42,224) (9,135) (2,575) (2,205) (2,729) Share of profit of an associate PROFIT BEFORE TAX AND BEFORE FAIR VALUE ADJUSTMENT 600,263 342,316 205,073 178,826 Fair value adjustment PROFIT BEFORE TAX AND AFTER FAIR VALUE ADJUSTMENT 600,263 342,316 205,073 112,511 (135,028)
(118,260) (33,972) (22,106) (18,311) PROFIT FOR THE YEAR FROM CONTINUING 482,003 308,344 182,967 94,200 DISCONTINUED OPERATIONProfit for the year from a discontinued operation Gain on disposal of subsidiaries Total profit for the year from a discontinued operation PROFIT FOR THE YEAR 482,003 308,344 182,967 Attributable to: Equity holders of the parent 297,615 224,353 141,172 184,388 83,991 41,795 482,003 308,344 182,967 3,766,321
3,267,380 2,582,099 2,215,110 2,140,222 TOTAL LIABILITIES (738,377)
(615,446) (361,796) (183,611) (164,978) 3,027,944
2,651,934 2,220,303 2,031,499 1,975,244 MINORITY INTERESTS (553,596)
(423,006) (201,055) (122,937) (121,997) Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited SALES GROWTH OF CONTINUING OPERATIONS
Fig.1.2
GROWTH OF PROFIT FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
Profit before fair value adjustment for derivative financial instrument Annual Report 2009 SALES GROWTH OF BLOCKBUSTER PRODUCTS
Fig.1.4
Ganlixin injections and capsules Tianqingfuxin injections and capsules Kaishi injections Tianqingganping enteric capsules Mingzheng capsules Kaifen injections NET ASSET VALUE
CASH AND BANK BALANCES
1,875,005 1,827,313 Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited TURNOVER BY THERAPEUTIC CATEGORIES (2009)
Fig.1.7
Synthetic raw material8.4% Hepatitis medicines48.3% Oncology medicines5.6% TURNOVER BY NEW PRODUCTS WITH GREAT POTENTIAL (2009)
Fig.1.8
Tianqingganmei injections (launched in November, 2005) Mingzheng capsules (launched in July, 2006) Kaifen injections (launched in January, 2005) Tianqingning injections (launched in November, 2006) Annual Report 2009 The Company was selected as a constituent of Hang Seng Composite Industry Index – Consumer Goods and Hang Seng Composite Small Cap Index both with effect from 8 March, 2010 The Company was awarded "Chinese Outstanding Enterprise Achievement Prize" by the Capital Magazine in May, 2006 The Company was awarded "Best under a 1 US Billion within the Asia Pacific region in 2005" by Forbes Asia The Company was awarded "Hong Kong Outstanding Enterprises 2005" by Economic Digest The Company was awarded "Red Herring Small Cap 100" by Red Herring Magazine JCTT was commended "People's Safe Medicine" enterprise in "Safe Medicine for Everyone", an event jointly organized by Health Times magazine, Health Digest magazine, China Health magazine and People's Health magazine JCCT was designated "Torch Programme Excellent High and New Technology Enterprise" from the PRC's Ministry of Science and Technology JCTT was designated "Postdoctoral Scientific Research Workshop" from the Post-doctoral Administration Committee of the PRC's Ministry of Personnel NJCTT was awarded "Model Enterprise for establishment of quality and trustful medicines" by the PRC Pharmaceutical Quality Control Association JCTT received "Advanced Technology Foreign Investment Enterprise certificate" from Outward Trade & Economic Cooperation Committee of Jiangsu Province JCTT was designated "High and New Technology Enterprise certificate", "Technology Intensive and Knowledge Intensive Enterprise" and "Jiangsu Provincial New Hepatitis Pharmaceutical Engineering Research and Technology Centre" from Science andTechnology Committee of Jiangsu Province Beijing Tide and CT Green Continent was designated "High and New Technology Enterprise" by Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Committee Beijing Tide received "Advanced Technology Foreign Investment Enterprise Certificate" from Beijing Municipal Bureau of Commerce Beijing Tide received "Key High and New Technology Enterprises Certificate" from Torch High Technology Industry Development Centre of the PRC's Ministry of Science and Technology Beijing Tide was awarded "The Potential Enterprises in the PRC in 2009" by Forbes Asia Tianqingganmei and its production method received the "The Tenth Chinese Patent Gold medal" jointly granted by World Intellectual Property Organization and State Intellectual Property Office of the PRC Tianqingganmei injections won the gold medal in "The Third Chinese International Patented and Famous Brands Exhibition" organized by State Intellectual Property Office of the PRC Ganlixin was commended "People's Safe Medicine Branding" in "Safe Medicine for Everyone", an event jointly organized by Health Times magazine, Health Digest magazine, China Health magazine and People's Health magazine Ganlixin product line received "Jiangsu Famous Brand Certificate" from Jiangsu Promotion Commission for Famous Brand Strategy Tianqingganping was awarded "National Torch Programme Project Certificate" from the PRC's Ministry of Science and Technology Kaishi Injections received "National New Key Product Certificate" jointly awarded from the PRC's Ministry of Science and Technology, the PRC's Ministry of Commerce, the PRC's National General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, and the State Environmental Protection Administration of the PRC Kaishi Injections received "Beijing Science and Technology Second Honor Award" from the Beijing Municipal People's Government Getai, Renyi, Tianqingning, Yitong were granted "High and New Technology Product Confirmation Certificate" by the Bureau of Technology of the Jiangsu Province Kaifen injections received "National New Key Product Certificate" jointly awarded from the PRC's Ministry of Science and Technology, the PRC's Ministry of Commerce, the PRC's National General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, and the State Environmental Protection Administration of the PRCTianqingganmei injections received "Scientific and Technological Progress Second Honor Award" from Jiangsu Provincal Government Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Dear Shareholders,
On behalf of the Board of Directors
(the "Board"), I am pleased to report
a profi table year ended 31 December,
2009 for the Group.
Facing the severe conditions brought about by the economic During the year under review, despite the world-wide financial downturn resulting from the global financial crisis which crisis which led to the economic downturn that resulted in erupted in late 2008, the PRC Government began to the tough operating environment, the Group continued to implement an economic stimulus policy together with a loose focus on consolidating the strength and scope of its business monetary policy in 2009. These efforts have laid a foundation and achieved steady growth. With emphasis on quality for rapid economic recovery of the country. With the economic management, it was able to maintain high quality of its condition stabilising, the launching of "New Medical Reform products and brand competitiveness. The Group also strived Plan", "National Basic Medicine Catalogue Fundamental to expand its sales network and channels, which allowed it to Version" and "Medical Insurance Catalogue" together with establish growth of a number of major products in specific strong financial support from the PRC government in the therapeutic pharmaceutical areas while maintaining a leading medical and health system reforms, domestic demand in the market share within the highly competitive market. As a result, PRC pharmaceutical market rapidly expanded. This in turn the Group continued to enjoy satisfactory performance with allowed the pharmaceutical industry to maintain relatively notable growth. 148 products of the Group have been included fast yet steady growth in the past year and thus helped the in "National Medical Insurance Catalogue 2009 Version". pharmaceutical manufacturing industry to maintain stable Through our sustained dedication to research and development growth in sales and profit.
("R&D") of new products and efforts to protect its intellectual Beijing Tide's factory JCTT's R&D Center Annual Report 2009 property in the past years, the Group has also gained huge In the year ahead, product quality management will continue to benefits from its new products and invention patents.
be a priority for the Group with particular attention to ensuring product safety as well as the collateral benefit maintaining the The Group recorded turnover of approximately HK$3,243.65 competitiveness of the brand. At the same time, the Group million during the year, an increase of approximately 42.1% continued to attract and foster the talents, expand its sales against the same period last year. Profit attributable to the network and channels, through strengthening of its management Group was approximately HK$396.96 million, approximately and optimising resources allocation, with the aim of enlarging 33.4% higher than in the same period last year. Basic earnings market share. The Group also continues to dedicate more effort per share were approximately HK8.77 cents, representing an to R&D of new products to maintain its leadership in specific increase of approximately 33.5% when compared with the therapeutic pharmaceutical areas. The Group would evaluate corresponding period last year. Cash and bank balances totaled mergers and acquisitions as a means to speed up growth as well as approximately HK$1,827.31 million.
restructuring and consolidating its business operations, with the The Group continued to focus on developing specialized aim of strengthening its competitive position and expanding its medicines where its strengths lie so as to build up its brand scope of business.
as a specialty medicine enterprise. Leveraging on its existing At the coal to olefin business perspective, taking heed of medicine series for treating hepatitis and cardio-cerebral the loomed global financial crisis, the Group will look for diseases, the Group also actively developed oncology medicines, opportunities to secure cheaper source of material for producing analgesic medicines, diabetic medicines, respiratory medicines olefin. The business is expected to bring stable and promising and digestive system medicines, etc.
revenue to the Group and provide a new profit growth driver OUTLOOK AND PROSPECT
of the Group in the long run. Since it takes time to assess the impacts on the environment and water resources of such The pharmaceutical market will benefit in the long run with industrial projects, the project is still in the early preparation the gradual rationalisation of the PRC medical system, which in particular will create enormous opportunities for PRC EVENT AFTER THE REPORTING PERIOD
pharmaceutical enterprises. Moreover, the PRC government continued to step up its financial support and has introduced In January, 2010, the Company has announced a top-up more favourable policies to facilitate the technological innovation placing of existing shares and subscription of new shares under in the pharmaceutical sector. The Government launched a series general mandate whereby China Life Insurance (Overseas) of medicine-related policies ranging from registration, pricing Company, Limited, CITIC Securities International Investment to clinical usage, which revealed its support for enterprises in Management (HK) Limited, for China Alpha II Fund and the pursuit of innovation. The Group therefore believes that the CITIC Securities International Investment Management PRC pharmaceutical industry will continue to maintain steady (HK) Limited, for CITIC Securities Alpha Leaders Fund have development, with the growth of the industry rooted in steady track.
purchased 200,000,000, 27,500,000 and 27,500,000 shares of However, with the launching of a series of new management the Company, respectively, at HK$2.1 per share.
policies of the pharmaceutical industry in 2010, of which the With the introduction of the strategic shareholders, it further Pharmacopoeia (2010 edition) will be implemented from 1 July, enlarges the capital base of the Company, enabling it to more it is expected that the standard of pharmaceutical products be actively pursue future development opportunities.
raised and the second round consultation about the new GMP draft edition indicates that the GMP of the domestic medicines are to be aligned with international ones. In addition, the PRC government has tightened administration and adopted more On behalf of the Board, I would like to express my gratitude to stringent regulations controlling the sales of pharmaceutical our shareholders for their trust, support and understanding, as products, and various standards governing the management well as to all staff for their dedication and diligence.
of pharmaceutical products, which are expected to cause a heavier burden of costs for industry players, as well as will lead to intensified competition while changing, segregating and upgrading the industry.
Qingdao Haier's factory Jiangsu Qingjiang's factory Factories of Jiangsu Fenghai and Yancheng Suhai Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Management Discussion and Analysis
The Group's principal profit contributors are JCTT, Beijing Tide, NJCTT and Chia Tai Qingchunbao Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. ("CTQ").
Cardio-cerebral medicines are manufactured mainly by Beijing Tide and NJCTT and accounted for approximately 18.9% of the Group's turnover. The segment's major product Kaishi injections produced by Beijing Tide works on the Drug Delivery System (DDS) theory to improve cardio-cerebral micro-circulation blockage. It is the first micro-sphere target sustained release medicine in the PRC. The proprietary Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao met with pharmaceutical technology used by the Group enhances the Professor Mizushima Yataka product to have more apparent effect than similar products in the market, which allows it to enjoy majority market share. The sales of Tianqingganan injections manufactured and sold Beijing Tide was awarded GMP medicine certification by by NJCTT have had satisfactory growth since launched in the Public Welfare and Health Ministry of Japan in February 2004. For the year ended 31 December, 2009, the product 2008. For the year ended 31 December, 2009, sales of Kaishi recorded sales of approximately HK$49.53 million, an increase injections amounted to approximately HK$757.69 million, an of approximately 45.9% when compared with the same period increase of approximately 24.3% as compared with the same period last year.
NJCTT's Tianqingning injections, which was launched in The Spring PVC-free soft bags for intravenous injections and 2006, is a plasma-volume expander for patients with blood the Spring injections manufactured by NJCTT are known volume deficiencies. As this product can be used as plasma for their stable quality since launched. NJCTT was named for all blood types, it has huge market potential. For the year "Model Enterprise for Establishment of Quality and Trustful ended 31 December, 2009, the product recorded sales of Medicines" by the PRC Pharmaceutical Quality Control approximately HK$103.20 million, a remarkable increase of Association in 2007. For the year ended 31 December, approximately 101.4% when compared with the same period 2009, sales of the two products amounted to approximately HK$54.55 million, an increase of approximately 18.8% when compared with the same period last year.
Kaishi injections Spring PVC-free soft bags for Spring injections Tianqinganan injections Tianqingning injections Yishenjuanbi pills Runzhong dispersible tablets intravenous injections Annual Report 2009 Management Discussion and Analysis
with sales increasing rapidly. Mingzheng capsules have become another blockbuster product for combating hepatitis virus. Hepatitis medicines is one of JCTT's main product series For the year ended 31 December, 2009, its sales amounted to which recorded sales of approximately HK$1,565.70 million approximately HK$634.05 million, an approximately 33.9% for the year ended 31 December, 2009 and accounted for increase when compared with the same period last year.
approximately 48.3% of the Group's turnover.
Tianqingfuxin injections and capsules are the modernized JCTT mainly produces two categories of hepatitis medicines Chinese medicines for fighting hepatitis virus. For the year that can protect the liver while lowering enzyme levels and ended 31 December, 2009, sales amounted to approximately combating hepatitis virus. Ganlixin injections and capsules HK$110.83 million, a slight decrease of approximately 2.7% made with ingredients extracted from Licorice are the number when compared with the same period last year.
1 hepatitis medicine brand in the PRC. For the year ended 31 December, 2009, its sales amounted to approximately HK$239.57 million, an approximately 12.2% decrease when compared with the same period last year. After the protection Tianqingyitai injections, Tianqingrian injections and Renyi period of the product expired, many replicas have emerged into injections are mainly developed and manufactured by JCTT the market, resulting in intensified competition. The Group and NJCTT. For the year ended 31 December, 2009, sales of thus developed Tianqingganping enteric capsules with better oncology medicines amounted to approximately HK$181.91 therapeutic effect than Ganlixin capsules and its intellectual million, an increase of approximately 48.7% as compared with property right being protected. Sales of the medicine continued the same period last year.
to increase to approximately HK$183.68 million in the reviewing year, representing a growth of approximately 44.2% when compared with the same period last year. In 2005, JCTT launched the patented medicine Tianqingganmei injections, Launched in 2005, the analgesic medicine Kaifen injections which was made with Isoglycyrrhizinate separated from is developed and manufactured by Beijing Tide. It is a Licorice. During the year, the product has bright prospects Flurbiprofen Axetil microsphere target sustained release and recorded the sales of approximately HK$333.86 million, analgesic injection produced based on the DDS theory and a strong increase of approximately 96.2% against the same enabled by advanced target technology. The product is famous period last year. The Group believes that medicine series made for strong pain relieving effect with minimal side effects and with ingredients extracted from Licorice will help to maintain has been well received by medical practitioners and patients JCTT's leadership in the market for medicines protecting the since launched. Sales of the product for the year ended 31 liver and lowering enzyme levels.
December, 2009 amounted to approximately HK$191.17 million, approximately 46.0% significantly higher than that as The Group launched a patented hepatitis medicine called compared with the same period last year.
Mingzheng capsules in 2006. As a first-tier synthetic drug for combating hepatitis virus in the international market, the product has been well received by the market since launched Ganlixin capsules Ganlixin injections Tianqingfuxin capsules Mingzheng capsules Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Management Discussion and Analysis
approximately HK$158.30 million in R&D, which accounted for approximately 4.9% of turnover.
The main diabetic medicine of the Group, Taibai sustained release tablets, which is used for lowering blood sugar level, The Group also emphasizes on the protection of intellectual was developed and manufactured by JCTT. There are more property rights. It encourages the active initiation of than 30 million diabetics in the PRC and the Metformin patent application in order to enhance the Group's core Hydrochloride has been identified as a first-tier medicine for competitiveness. During the year under review, the Group has lowering blood sugar level. As Taibai sustained release tablets filed 16 invention patents. It also obtained 21 invention patent has sustained release capability, it can stabilise a patient's blood rights and 5 apparel design patents. Together, the Group has sugar level. For the year ended 31 December, 2009, the sales obtained 218 invention patent rights, 3 utility model patent of the product have amounted to HK$32.96 million, a large rights and 20 apparel design patent rights.
increase by approximately 56.7% as compared with the same period last year.
The Group is dedicated to maintaining high level of corporate governance. To keep close contact with investors, it provides The Group continued to focus R&D efforts on new cardio- timely updates of the latest information and business cerebral, hepatitis, oncology, analgesia and respiratory system development of the Group in due course to enhance their medicines. During the year under review, it received 3 confidence. Efforts have also been made to collect more new product approvals, 1 import registration approval, 16 information from investors and valuable opinion via clear production approvals and 6 clinical research approvals. Also, communication channels with investors to further enhance a total of 66 cases had completed clinical research, or were under clinical trial or applying for production approval, out of which, 13 cardio-cerebral medicines, 12 hepatitis medicines, During the year under review, the Group proactively 6 oncology medicines, 5 respiratory system medicines and 30 undertook initiatives to announce the latest information other medicines are being developed.
about the business to investors. For example, it has organised conferences with various international and local institutional The Group emphasizes on "development of proprietary investors including but not limited to Value Partners Limited, innovative medicines and generic drugs by itself as well as SG Asset Management (Hong Kong) Ltd., CCB International through coordination with other domestic and foreign parties" Asset Management Limited, ICBC (Asia) Investment in order to improve the R&D standard and progress. In light Management Company Limited, Primero Investment Limited, of the fact that R&D continues to be the foundation of the First Shanghai Assets Management Ltd. and Quam Asset development of the enterprises and that the government Management Limited, to strengthen their knowledge about encourages the direction of innovative development, the the Group's operations and its latest developments, and Group continues to focus on the injection of resources towards thus solidify the confidence of shareholders, investors and R&D. For the year ended 31 December, 2009, it invested Tianqingyitai injections Taibai sustained release Tianqingzhengshu tablets Ossified Oestriol capsules Fenghaineng fructose Annual Report 2009 Management Discussion and Analysis
In addition, the Group also posts its annual and interim reports, and issues quarterly, interim and annual results TRANSACTIONS BY DIRECTORS
announcements, disclosures and circulars on its corporate website as well as on the website of Hong Kong Exchanges The Company has adopted a code of conduct regarding and Clearing Limited. The Group also issues news releases and securities transactions by Directors as set out in Appendix 10 holds media briefings to inform shareholders and investors of the Listing Rules (the "Model Code"). Having made specific about its latest development, so as to further maintaining high enquiry of all Directors, it was confirmed that all Directors have complied with the required standard set out in the Model Code and the code of conduct regarding securities transactions C O D E O N C O R P O R A T E G O V E R N A N C E by Directors adopted by the Company.
PRACTICES
LIQUIDITY AND FINANCIAL RESOURCES
In the opinion of the Directors, the Company had complied with all the Code Provisions set out in the Code on Corporate The Group's liquidity remains strong. During the year under Governance Practices (the "Code Provisions") as set out in review, the Group's primary source of funds was cash derived Appendix 14 of the Rules Governing the Listing of Securities from operating activities and disposal of Sino Concept on The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (the "Listing Technology Limited in 2005. As at 31 December, 2009, the Rules") for the year ended 31 December, 2009 with the Group's bank balance and cash in hand was approximately exception of the following deviation:- HK$1,827.31 million (31 December, 2008: approximately HK$1,875.01 million).
Code Provision A.2.1 stipulates that the roles of chairman and chief executive officer (the "CEO") should be separate and should not be performed by the same individual. Mr. Tse Ping was the Chairman and CEO As at 31 December, 2009, the Group had short term loans of the Company. The board of Directors (the "Board") of approximately HK$1.14 million (31 December, 2008: considers that Mr. Tse Ping's substantial experience approximately HK$102.22 million).
in the pharmaceutical business and management will enhance the Company's decision making and operational CHARGE ON ASSETS
efficiency. To help achieve a better balance of power and authority, the Chairman discusses important issues and As at 31 December, 2009, the Group had no charge on assets decisions relating to the Group's business with other (31 December, 2008: Nil).
On 31 March, 2009, Mr. Xu Xiaoyang has been appointed as the CEO of the Company. Upon his appointment as the CEO, As at 31 December, 2009, the Group and the Company had the Company complies with Code Provision A.2.1.
no material contingent liabilities (31 December, 2008: Nil).
NJCTT's production plant JCTT's capsules production Beijing Tide's small volume for PVC-free large volume injections production line production workshop Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Management Discussion and Analysis
ASSETS AND GEARING RATIO
As at 31 December, 2009, the total assets of the Group amounted to approximately HK$3,766.32 million (31 Most of the assets and liabilities of the Group were December, 2008: approximately HK$3,267.38 million) denominated in Renminbi, US dollars and HK dollars. In the whereas the total liabilities amounted to approximately PRC, foreign investment enterprises are authorized to convert HK$738.38 million (31 December, 2008: approximately Renminbi to foreign currency in respect of current account HK$615.45 million). The gearing ratio (total liabilities over items (including payment of dividend and profit to the foreign total assets) was approximately 19.6% (31 December, 2008: joint venture partner). The exchange rate of HK dollars and US dollars is pegged under the fixed linked system over a long period of time. The Directors consider that the Group is not EMPLOYEE AND REMUNERATION POLICIES
significantly exposed to foreign currency risk and no hedging or other alternatives have been implemented.
The Group remunerates its employees based on their performance, experience and the prevailing market rates. Other employee benefits include mandatory provident fund, insurance and medical coverage, subsidized training programmes as well as a share option scheme. Total staff costs (including Directors' remuneration) for the year were approximately HK$249,937,000 (2008: approximately HK$202,887,000).
Annual Report 2009 Corporate Governance Report
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited (the "Company") is pleased to present the Corporate Governance Report. The Company is committed to achieving high standards of corporate governance that properly protect and promote the interests of all the shareholders and to enhance corporate value and accountability.
For the year ended 31 December, 2009, the Company has applied the principles and complied with the code provisions prescribed in Appendix 14 – Code on Corporate Governance Practices (the "CG Code") as required under the Rules Governing the Listing of Securities (the "Listing Rules") on The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (the "Stock Exchange"), which became effective on 1 January, 2005, except for the deviation from Code Provision A.2.1, details of which are stated below. However, with the appointment of Mr. Xu Xiaoyang as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company on 31 March, 2009, the Company fully complies with Code Provision A.2.1.
Despite the removal of the requirement for a qualified accountant on 1 January, 2009, the Company continues to engage a qualified accountant to oversee its accounting and financial reporting function.
This report describes our corporate governance practices and explains the applications of the principles of the CG Code and deviation (if any).
A. BOARD OF DIRECTORS
The Board is accountable to the shareholders for leadership and control of the Company and is collectively responsible for promoting the success of the Company and its businesses by directing and supervising the Company's affairs. The Board focuses on overall corporate strategies and policies with attention particularly paid to the growth and financial performance of the Group.
The Board has determined that certain matters such as strategic planning, significant transactions and budget should be retained for the Board's approval. It has formalised the functions reserved to the Board to achieve a clear division of the responsibilities of the Board and the management. The Board delegated its responsibilities to the senior management to deal with day-to-day operations and review those arrangements on a periodic basis. Management then reports back to the Board and obtains prior approval before making decisions for key matters or entering into any commitments on behalf of the Company.
To maximise the effectiveness of the Board and to encourage active participation and contribution from Board members, the Board has established an executive board committee, audit committee and remuneration committee with specific written terms of reference to assist in the execution of their duties. The terms of reference of each of the committees are reviewed and amended (if necessary) from time to time, including the committees' structure, duties and memberships.
The Company Secretary and the Qualified Accountant shall, where appropriate and necessary, attend all meetings of the Board/committees to advise on corporate governance, statutory compliance, accounting and financial matters. All directors have access to the Company Secretary who is responsible for the Group's compliance with the continuing obligations of the Listing Rules, Code on Takeover and Mergers and Share Repurchases, Companies Ordinance, Securities and Futures Ordinance and other applicable laws, rules and regulations etc.
All directors are given the opportunities to include matters to be discussed in the agenda of the Board/committees meetings. The Company Secretary is delegated with the responsibility to prepare the agenda and, where appropriate, take into account any matters proposed by each director/committee member for inclusion in the agenda.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Corporate Governance Report
Other than exceptional circumstances, an agenda accompanied by any related materials are circulated to all directors in a timely manner and at least three days before the date of scheduled meeting. Where queries are raised by directors, responses should be given as promptly and fully as possible within a reasonable time.
The Board meets regularly and at least four board meetings are scheduled annually at approximately quarterly intervals. Ad-hoc meetings are convened when it considers necessary. During the year ended 31 December, 2009, the Board has held four regular meetings for discussion of the Company's financial results. Notices of regular Board/committees meetings have been given at least 14 days before the date of meeting. For all other Board/committees meetings, reasonable notices have been given.
Minutes of the Board/committees meetings are recorded in details for the matters considered by the participants of such meetings and decisions reached, including concerns raised by directors or dissenting views expressed. Draft and final versions of minutes are circulated to relevant directors or committee members within a reasonable time after the meetings are held and taken as the true records of the proceedings of such meetings. They are kept by the Company Secretary or Secretary of the committees and are open for inspection at any reasonable time on reasonable notice by any director. All directors are entitled to have access to board papers and related materials unless there are legal or regulatory restrictions on disclosure due to regulatory requirements.
Directors are provided with complete, adequate explanation and information to enable them to make an informed decision or assessment of the Group's performance, position and prospects and to discharge their duties and responsibilities on timely basis. The directors, to properly discharge their duties, are given access to independent professional advisers, when necessary, at the expense of the Company.
If a substantial shareholder or a director has a conflict of interest in a matter to be considered by the Board which the Board has determined to be material, the matter will be dealt with by way of a Board/committee meeting and the interested shareholder or director shall not vote nor shall he/she be counted in the quorum present at the relevant meeting. Independent non-executive director ("INED") who, and whose associates, have no material interest in the transaction, may be present at such board meeting.
The Board currently consists of a total of ten directors, which has included a Chairman, a Vice Chairman, a Chief Executive Officer ("CEO"), four Executive Directors and three INEDs.
Position
Executive Directors Mr. Zhang Baowen (Vice Chairman) Mr. Xu Xiaoyang (CEO) Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling Mr. Lu Zhengfei ("Mr. Lu") Mr. Li Dakui ("Mr. Li") Ms. Li Jun ("Ms. Li") Annual Report 2009 Corporate Governance Report
The attributes, skills and expertise among the existing directors have a balance and mix of core competencies in areas such as pharmaceutical, accounting and finance, legal, business and management and marketing strategies.
The INEDs meet the requirements of independence under the Listing Rules so that there is a sufficient element of independence in the Board to exercise independent judgements. The Board considers that all of the INEDs are independent and has received from each of them the confirmation of independence as required by the Listing Rules.
The INEDs have the same duties of care and skill and fiduciary duties as the executive directors. They are expressly identified as such in all corporate communications that disclose the names of directors of the Company. The functions of INEDs include, but not limited to: participating in Board meetings to bring an independent judgement to bear on issues of corporate strategy, corporate performance, accountability, resources, key appointments and standard of conducts; taking the lead where potential conflicts of interests arise; serving and active participating on committees, if invited; attending general meetings of the Company, where appropriate, and developing a balanced understanding of the views of shareholders; and scrutinising the Group's performance in achieving agreed corporate goals and objectives and monitoring the reporting of performance.
CHAIRMAN AND CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
Code Provision A.2.1 stipulates that the roles of chairman and chief executive officer should be separate and should not be performed by the same individual. However, from 1 January, 2009 to 30 March, 2009, Mr. Tse Ping acted as both the Chairman and CEO of the Company. The Board considered that Mr. Tse Ping's substantial experience in the pharmaceutical business and management will enhance the Company's decision making and operational efficiency. To help achieve a better balance of power and authority, the chairman discussed important issues and decisions relating to the Group's business with other executive directors.
Mr. Tse Ping is the spouse of Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling, an Executive Director of the Company. He and Mr. Tse Hsin, an Executive Director, are first cousins. Save as disclosed above, there are no family relationships among members of the Board and between the Chairman and the CEO.
The Chairman is responsible for overseeing the function of the Board and formulating overall strategies and policies of the Company. Being the CEO of the Company up to 30 March, 2009, Mr. Tse Ping was also responsible for managing the Group's business and operations.
The Chairman also seeks to ensure that all directors are properly briefed on issues arising at Board meetings and receive adequate and reliable information in a timely manner.
On 31 March, 2009, Mr. Xu Xiaoyang was appointed as CEO of the Company responsible for managing the Group's business and operations. He has no financial, business, family or other material/relevant relationship among members of the Board and between the Chairman and the CEO.
Upon the appointment of Mr. Xu Xiaoyang as CEO of the Company, the Company fully complies with Code Provision A.2.1.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Corporate Governance Report
APPOINTMENT, RE-ELECTION AND REMOVAL
The Company has a formal and proper procedure for consideration of the appointment of new directors to the board and for the resignation of any director.
The Articles of Association of the Company provides that (1) one-third of the directors for the time being or, if their number is not a multiple of three, the number nearest to but not less than one-third shall be subject to retirement by rotation provided that every director shall be subject to retirement by rotation at least once every three years; and (2) the directors to retire by rotation shall include any director who wishes to retire and not to offer himself for re-election. The retiring directors shall be those who have longest in office since their last re-election or appointment. All retiring directors are eligible for re-election.
Each of the Executive Directors are appointed for a term of three years. Each of the INEDs are appointed for a term of two years. All the Directors are subject to retirement by rotation and re-election at the Annual General Meeting (the "AGM") of the Company, in accordance with the Articles of Association of the Company.
The names and biographical details of the directors who will offer themselves for election or re-election at the AGM are set out in a circular accompanying the notice of meeting, which will be despatched together with the annual report, to assist shareholders in making an informed decision on their elections.
Every director shall ensure that he can contribute sufficient time and effort to the corporate affairs of the Company once he accepts the appointment.
The Board has established Executive Board Committee (the "EBC") and Remuneration Committee (the "RC") in October, 2005 with written terms of reference to enable such committees to discharge their functions properly.
Executive Board Committee
The EBC consists of Mr. Tse Ping (Chairman), Mr. Zhang Baowen, Mr. Xu Xiaoyang and Mr. Tse Hsin.
The EBC meets as and when required to oversee the day-to-day management of the Group.
All resolutions or recommendations approved by the EBC will be reported to the Board, unless there are legal or regulatory restriction.
Annual Report 2009 Corporate Governance Report
The RC consists of Mr. Tse Ping (Chairman), Mr. Lu (INED) and Ms. Li (INED).
The principal functions of the RC include: recommending to the Board on the Company's policies and structure for the remuneration of the directors and senior management of the Group; determining the basis of the remuneration packages of all executive directors and senior management; reviewing and approving their performance-based remuneration; reviewing the compensation to directors and senior management in connection with any loss or termination of their office or appointment; and ensuring no director or any of his associates is involved in deciding his own remuneration.
The RC has held a meeting during the year to discuss and review the basis for remuneration policy and package for the Group. The emoluments of directors are determined by reference to the skills, experiences, responsibilities, employment conditions and time-commitment in the Group's affairs and performance of each director as well as salaries paid by comparable companies and the prevailing market conditions. The Company has adopted a share option scheme on 24 November, 2003 and that the scheme mandate has been renewed on 18 June, 2007. The share option scheme serves as an incentive to attract, retain and motivate talented eligible staff, including the directors. Members of the RC, however, do not participate in the determination of their own remuneration.
The RC consults the Chairman and the CEO about its proposals relating to the remuneration of other executive directors and has access to professional advice if it considers necessary. The Company provides sufficient resources to RC to discharge its duties.
The terms of reference of the RC is available from the Secretary on request and is posted on the Company's website.
The Audit Committee (the "AC") was established on 19 September, 2000. The AC consists of three INEDs, Mr. Lu, Mr. Li and Ms. Li, who together have sufficient accounting and financial management expertise, legal and business experience to discharge their duties. In accordance with the provisions of the CG Code, the terms of reference of the AC were revised on 27 June, 2005 and 27 March, 2009 in terms substantially the same as the provisions set out in the CG Code and in compliance with the Listing Rules from time to time.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Corporate Governance Report
The Company provides sufficient resources to the AC for discharging the duties. The duties and responsibilities are set out clearly in the terms of reference which includes: considering and recommending the appointment, re-appointment and removal of external auditors; approving the remuneration and terms of engagement of external auditors, any questions of resignation or dismissal of that auditors; discussing with external auditors' independency, the nature and scope of the audit and reporting obligations before the audit commences; monitoring integrity of financial statements and reviewing the quarterly, interim and annual financial statements and reports before submission to the Board; reviewing the Group's financial controls, internal control and risk management systems; considering any findings of major investigations of internal control matters as delegated by the Board or on its own initiative and management's response; reviewing the external auditors' management letter, any material queries raised by the auditors to management in respect of the accounting records, financial accounts or systems of control and management's response and ensuring that the Board will provide a timely response to the issues raised; and discussing with the management ensuring that the management has reviewed that there is adequacy of resources, qualifications and experience of staff of the Company's accounting and financial reporting function, and their training programmes and budget.
The AC has performed the following work during the year ended 31 December, 2009: reviewed and discussed with management and the external auditors regarding the financial statements for the year ended 31 December, 2008 and management letter; reviewed with management the unaudited quarterly financial statements for the three months ended 31 March, 2009, interim financial statements for the six months ended 30 June, 2009 and the quarterly financial statements for the nine months ended 30 September, 2009; reviewed the findings and recommendations of the internal audit department on the operations and performance of Group; reviewed the effectiveness of internal control system; reviewed the external auditors' statutory audit plan and engagement letter; recommended to the Board, for the approval by shareholders, of the re-appointment of the auditors; and dicussed with the management and ensured that the Board has conducted an annual review such that there is adequacy of resources, qualifications and experience of staff of the Company's accounting and financial reporting function, and their training programmes and budget.
Minutes of the AC are kept by the Secretary. Draft and final versions of minutes have been sent to all members of the AC within a reasonable time after the meeting for their comments and records respectively.
The terms of reference of the AC is available from the Secretary on request and is posted on the Company's website. Annual Report 2009 Corporate Governance Report
BOARD AND COMMITTEE ATTENDANCE
The Board has held four regular meetings in 2009. Details of the attendance of individual director at Board meetings and committee meetings during the year 2009 are set out below: No. of meetings attended/held
Directors
Board Committee Committee
Executive Directors
Mr. Tse Ping
Mr. Zhang Baowen Mr. Xu Xiaoyang (appointed on 31/03/2009) Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling Independent Non-Executive Directors
Mr. Lu Zhengfei
No. of meetings
SECURITIES TRANSACTIONS BY DIRECTORS/OFFICERS
The Company has adopted a code of securities dealing for directors/senior management/employees (the "Code") on terms no less exacting than the model code for securities transactions by directors of listed issuers (the "Model Code") as set out in Appendix 10 of the Listing Rules, as its own code of conduct regarding securities transactions.
Having made specific enquiry of all directors, they have confirmed that they have fully complied with the required standards as set out in the Model Code.
Officers/employees as defined in the Code deemed to be in possession of unpublished price-sensitive or confidential information in relation to the Company or its shares are required to prohibit to deal in securities of the Company during the black-out period for compliance with the Code.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Corporate Governance Report
B. ACCOUNTABILITY AND AUDIT
The Board acknowledges its responsibility for preparing the accounts which give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Company and of the Group on a going concern basis, with supporting assumptions or qualifications as necessary. The directors have also ensured the timely publication of the financial statements of the Group.
The management provides explanation and information to the Board to enable it to make an informed assessment of the financial and other information to be approved.
The Board endeavours to ensure a balanced, clear and understandable assessment of the Group's position and prospects to extend the Group's financial reporting including annual and interim results announcements and reports, quarterly results announcements, other announcements and other financial disclosures required under the Listing Rules, and reports to regulators as well as to information required to be disclosed pursuant to statutory requirements and application accounting standards.
The Board is responsible for managing business and operational risks and maintaining a proper and effective system of internal control to safeguard the shareholders' investment and the Group's assets.
The directors conducted an annual review of the effectiveness of the Group's system of internal control covering all material controls, including financial, operational and compliance and risk management functions.
The Group maintain a centralised cash management system for the Group's treasury function to oversee the Group's investment, lending and borrowing activities.
The Group has established guidelines and procedures for the approval and control of expenditure. Operating expenditures are subject to the overall budget control and are controlled by each business with approval levels for such expenditures being set by reference to each executive's and officer's level of responsibility. Capital expenditures are subject to overall control within the annual budget review and approval process, and more specific control and approval prior to commitment.
The Board has also conducted a review of the adequacy of resources, qualifications and experience of staff of its accounting and financial reporting function, and their training programmes and budget.
During the year under review, the remuneration paid to the Group's external auditors is set out as follows: Services rendered Audit Services Annual Report 2009 Corporate Governance Report
C. COMMUNICATION WITH SHAREHOLDERS AND INVESTORS
The Company aims to provide its shareholders with high standards of disclosure and financial transparency through the publication of annual and interim reports, quarterly results announcements, other announcements and circulars made through the Company's and Stock Exchange's websites.
The AGM or other general meetings provide a useful forum for shareholders to exchange views with the Board. The Chairman of the Board as well as the Chairmen of the AC and/or RC, or in their absence, members of the committees or senior management of the Company should be available to answer the shareholders' questions. The Chairman of the independent board committee should also attend the general meetings for approving a connected transaction or any transaction that is subject to independent shareholders' approval.
Separate resolutions are proposed at general meetings on each substantially separate issue, including the election of individual directors. The Company should ensure that votes cast are properly counted and recorded.
According to the Articles of the Company, the Chairman of the meeting should at the commencement of the meeting made an explanation for the detailed procedures for conducting a poll and then answer any questions from shareholders regarding voting by way of a poll.
Pursuant to the Listing Rules as amended on 1 January, 2009, the Company should arrange for the notice to shareholders to be sent in the case of AGM at least 20 clear business days before the meeting and to be sent at least 10 clear business days in the case of all other general meetings. During the year ended 31 December, 2009, the Company has complied with the new Code Provision.
During the year under review, the AGM of the Company was held on 8 June, 2009 (the "2009 AGM"). Mr. Tse Ping, Chairman, Mr. Zhang Baowen, Vice Chairman, Mr. Xu Xiaoyang, CEO and Mr. Lu Zhengfei, the Chairman of the independent board committee, were present at the AGM. Together with Mr. Tse Hsin and Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling, executive Directors, they answered questions at the AGM.
At the 2009 AGM, the Chairman of the 2009 AGM has demanded that the votes of shareholders be taken by poll, in order to ensure compliance with the amendments to the Listing Rules, including, inter alia, the requirement of voting by poll at any general meeting of shareholders. Resolutions have been passed by way of poll in amending its articles of association (the "Articles") such that any vote of shareholders at a general meeting must be taken by poll and that the Company should arrange for the notice to shareholders to be sent at least 20 clear business days before the AGM and to be sent at least 10 clear business days in the case of all other general meetings.
The Company has held an extraordinary general meeting on 8 June, 2009 right after the closure of the 2009 AGM. At the extraordinary general meeting, resolutions have been passed by way of poll regarding the bonus issue of 1 share for every three existing shares held by shareholders on 8 June, 2009. The Company has also held another extraordinary general meeting on 10 December, 2009 whereby resolutions have been passed by way of poll regarding the bonus issue of 1 share for every two existing shares held by shareholders on 10 December, 2009.
The Company regularly releases latest corporate news of the Group's developments on its website at http://www.
sinobiopharm.com. The public are welcome to give comments and make enquiries through the Company's website.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Report of Directors
The directors present their report and the audited financial statements of the Company and the Group for the year ended 31 December, 2009.
The principal activity of the Company is investment holding. Details of the principal activities of the subsidiaries are set out in note 18 to the financial statements.
There were no significant changes in the nature of the Group's principal activities during the year.
RESULTS AND DIVIDENDS
The Group's profit for the year ended 31 December, 2009 and the state of affairs of the Company and the Group at that date are set out in the financial statements on pages 48 to 120.
The payment for the first quarter dividend of HK$0.015 per ordinary share, the interim dividend of HK$0.015 per ordinary share, and the third quarter dividend of HK$0.015 per ordinary share totaling HK$124,519,000 was paid during 2009.
The directors recommend the payment of a final dividend of HK$0.02 per ordinary share in respect of the year ended 31 December, 2009 to shareholders on the register of members on Tuesday, 8 June, 2010. This recommendation has been incorporated in the financial statements as an allocation of retained profits within capital and reserves in the statement of financial position.
Annual Report 2009 Report of Directors
SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL INFORMATION
A summary of the published results and assets, liabilities and minority interests of the Group for the last five financial years, as extracted from the audited financial statements and reclassified as appropriate, is set out below. This summary does not form part of the audited financial statements.
2008 2007 2006 2005 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 CONTINUING OPERATIONS 3,243,649
1,164,274 734,652 756,073 (639,636)
(473,245) (205,764) (138,788) (139,418) 2,604,013
1,808,968 958,510 595,864 616,655 Other income and gains 95,006 98,367 91,486 28,599 Selling and distribution costs (1,287,499)
(876,591) (503,751) (327,720) (310,609) Administrative expenses (416,852)
(305,493) (154,708) (121,802) (110,866) Other operating expenses (151,568)
(112,492) (53,743) (31,254) (42,224) (9,135) (2,575) (2,205) (2,729) Share of profit of an associate PROFIT BEFORE TAX AND BEFORE FAIR VALUE ADJUSTMENT 600,263 342,316 205,073 178,826 Fair value adjustment PROFIT BEFORE TAX AND AFTER FAIR VALUE ADJUSTMENT 600,263 342,316 205,073 112,511 (135,028)
(118,260) (33,972) (22,106) (18,311) PROFIT FOR THE YEAR FROM CONTINUING 482,003 308,344 182,967 94,200 DISCONTINUED OPERATIONProfit for the year from a discontinued operation Gain on disposal of subsidiaries Total profit for the year from a discontinued operation PROFIT FOR THE YEAR 482,003 308,344 182,967 Attributable to: Equity holders of the parent 297,615 224,353 141,172 184,388 83,991 41,795 482,003 308,344 182,967 3,766,321
3,267,380 2,582,099 2,215,110 2,140,222 TOTAL LIABILITIES (738,377)
(615,446) (361,796) (183,611) (164,978) 3,027,944
2,651,934 2,220,303 2,031,499 1,975,244 MINORITY INTERESTS (553,596)
(423,006) (201,055) (122,937) (121,997) Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Report of Directors
PROPERTIES, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Details of movements in the properties, plant and equipment, and investment properties of the Company and the Group during the year are set out in note 14 to the financial statements.
Details of movements in the Company's share capital and share options during the year, together with the reasons therefor, are set out in note 32 to the financial statements.
There are no provisions for pre-emptive rights under the Company's articles of association or the laws of the Cayman Islands, being the jurisdiction in which the Company was established, which would oblige the Company to offer new shares on a pro rata basis to existing shareholders.
PURCHASE, SALE OR REDEMPTION OF LISTED SECURITIES OF THE COMPANY
Neither the Company, nor any of its subsidiaries purchased, redeemed or sold any of the Company's listed securities during the year.
Details of movements in the reserves of the Company and the Group during the year are set out in note 34 to the financial statements and in the consolidated statement of changes in equity, respectively.
At 31 December, 2009, the Company's reserves, including share premium account, available for cash distribution/or distribution in specie, calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Law, Cap. 22 (Law 3 of 1961, as consolidated and revised) of the Cayman Islands, and after taking into account for the proposed final dividend of HK$95,659,000 (2008: HK$45,279,000), amounted to HK$1,112,281,000 (2008: HK$1,467,987,000). Under the laws of the Cayman Islands, a company may make distribution to its members out of the share premium account under certain circumstances.
MAJOR CUSTOMERS AND SUPPLIERS
In the year under review, sales to the Group's five largest customers accounted for less than 30% of the total sales for the year. Purchases from the Group's five largest suppliers accounted for less than 30% of the total purchases for the year.
None of the directors of the Company or any of their associates or any shareholders (which, to the best knowledge of the directors, own more than 5% of the Company's issued share capital) had any beneficial interest in the Group's five largest customers or five largest suppliers.
Annual Report 2009 Report of Directors
The directors of the Company during the year and up to the date of this report were: Executive directors:
Mr. Tse Ping
Mr. Zhang Baowen
Mr. Xu Xiaoyang
(appointed on 31 March, 2009) Mr. Tse HsinMs. Cheng Cheung LingMr. Tao HuiqiMr. He Huiyu Independent non-executive directors:
Mr. Lu Zhengfei
Mr. Li Dakui
Ms. Li Jun
In accordance with article 87 of the Company's articles of association, Mr. Tse Hsin, Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling, Mr. Li Dakui and Ms. Li Jun will retire by rotation and, being eligible, offer themselves for re-election at the forthcoming annual general meeting.
Each of the independent non-executive directors are appointed for a term of two years subject to retirement by rotation and re-election at the annual general meeting of the Company, in accordance with the Company's articles of association.
The Company has received from each of the independent non-executive director an annual confirmation of independence pursuant to the new independence guidelines under the Rules Governing the Listing of Securities (the "Listing Rules") on The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (the "Stock Exchange") and that the Company considers such directors to be independent.
DIRECTORS' AND SENIOR MANAGEMENT'S BIOGRAPHIES
Biographical details of the directors of the Company and the senior management of the Group are set out on pages 37 to 43 of the annual report.
DIRECTORS' SERVICE CONTRACTS
Each of the executive directors has entered into a service contract with the Company for a term of three years until terminated by not less than three months' notice in writing served by either party on the other without payment of compensation.
Apart from the foregoing, no director proposed for re-election at the forthcoming annual general meeting has a service contract with the Company which is not determinable by the Company within one year without payment other than statutory compensation.
DIRECTORS' INTERESTS IN CONTRACTS
Save as disclosed in note 37 to the financial statements, no director had a material interest, either directly or indirectly, in any contract of significance to the business of the Group to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries was a party during the year.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Report of Directors
DIRECTORS' AND CHIEF EXECUTIVES' INTERESTS AND SHORT POSITIONS IN SHARES,
UNDERLYING SHARES AND DEBENTURES

At 31 December, 2009, the interests and short positions of each director and chief executive of the Company in the shares, underlying shares or debentures of the Company or any of its associated corporations (within the meaning of Part XV of the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Chapter 571 of the Laws of Hong Kong ("SFO")), as recorded in the register required to be kept by the Company pursuant to Section 352 of the SFO, or as otherwise notified to the Company and the Stock Exchange pursuant to the Model Code for Securities Transactions by Directors of Listed Companies, were as follows: Long positions in ordinary shares of the Company
Number of shares held, capacity and nature of interest
Capacity/
Directly
controlled
Name of director
of interest
Beneficial owner Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling Mr. Zhang Baowen Beneficial owner Beneficial owner Beneficial owner Mr. Tse Ping held 2,120,417,815 shares through Remarkable Industries Limited, Validated Profits Limited and China Laser Industry Group Limited. The entire issued share capital in each of these companies is owned by Mr. Tse Ping.
Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling is the spouse of Mr. Tse Ping and is therefore deemed to be interested in the same shares in which Mr. Tse Ping has an interest.
Annual Report 2009 Report of Directors
DIRECTORS' AND CHIEF EXECUTIVES' INTERESTS AND SHORT POSITIONS IN SHARES,
UNDERLYING SHARES AND DEBENTURES (continued)

Long position in shares of an associated corporation of the Company
Name of associated
Director corporation
Capacity
Jiangsu Chia Tai Fenghai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Yancheng Suhai Pharmaceutical Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling Mr. Zhang Baowen Beneficial owner Beneficial owner Jiangsu Chia Tai- Beneficial owner Nanjing Chia Tai Tianqing Beneficial owner Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Jiangsu Chia Tai Qingjiang Beneficial owner Pharmaceutcial Co., Ltd.
Qingdao Chia Tai Haier Beneficial owner Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Beneficial owner Beneficial owner Saved as disclosed above, as at 31 December, 2009, none of the Directors and chief executives of the Company had any interest or short position in the shares, underlying shares or debentures of the Company or any of its associated corporation (within the meaning of the SFO) as recorded in the register required to be kept by the Company pursuant to Section 352 of the SFO or as otherwise notified to the Company and the Stock Exchange pursuant to the Model Code for Securities Transactions by Directors of Listed Companies.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Report of Directors
PERSONS WHO HAVE AN INTEREST OR SHORT POSITION WHICH IS DISCLOSEABLE UNDER
THE SECURITIES AND FUTURES ORDINANCE AND SUBSTANTIAL SHAREHOLDERS

As at 31 December, 2009, the following persons (not being a Director or chief executive of the Company) had the following interests and/or short positions in the shares and/or underlying shares of the Company as recorded in the register required to be kept by the Company pursuant to Section 336 of the SFO.
Long position in shares and/or underlying shares
shares and/or
underlying
shares of
capital of
of Interest
the Company
the Company
Validated Profits Limited Beneficial owner Remarkable Industries Beneficial owner LimitedChina Laser Industry Group Beneficial owner LimitedConspicuous Group Limited Beneficial owner Chia Tai Development Interest of a controlled Investment Company Limited Mr. Dhanin Chearavanont Interest of a controlled Each of Validated Profits Limited, Remarkable Industries Limited and China Laser Industry Group Limited is an investment holding company wholly-owned by Mr. Tse Ping who is the sole director of each of these companies and a Director.
Chia Tai Development Investment Company Limited ("CT Development") has declared an interest in the same 284,862,181 shares in which Conspicuous Group Limited has declared an interest, by virtue of its shareholding in Conspicuous Group Limited.
Mr. Dhanin Chearavanont has declared an interest in the same 284,862,181 shares in which CT Development has declared an interest for the purpose of the SFO as mentioned in Note (2) above, by virtue of his shareholding in CT Development.
Save as disclosed above, as at 31 December, 2009, no person (not being a Director or chief executive of the Company) had an interest and/or short position in the shares and/or underlying shares of the Company as recorded in the register required to be kept by the Company pursuant to Section 336 of the SFO.
Annual Report 2009 Report of Directors
DIRECTORS' RIGHTS TO ACQUIRE SHARES OR DEBENTURES
Saved as disclosed under the heading "Directors and Chief Executives' interests and short positions in share, underlying shares and debentures" above and in the "Share option scheme" below, at no time during the year were rights to acquire benefits by means of the acquisition of shares in or debentures of the Company granted to any directors or their respective spouse or minor children, or were any such rights exercised by them; or was the Company or any of its subsidiaries or fellow subsidiaries a party to any arrangement to enable the directors to acquire such rights in any other body corporate.
During the year, the Group have the following related party transactions, as further detailed in note 37 to the financial statements, which also constituted continuing connected transactions under the Listing Rules:- On 9 November, 2007, Lianyungang Chia Tai Tianqing Medicine Co., Ltd. ("LYG Tianqing"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of our 60%-owned subsidiary, JCTT, as the purchaser, has entered into an agreement with NJCTT (an associate of Jiangsu State Agribusiness Group Corporation Ltd., a 33.5% equity holder of JCTT (a connected person of the Company) ("Jiangsu Agribusiness") and a connected person of the Company), as a supplier, for the sale and distribution of cardio-cerebral medicines and anti-bacterial and anti-flammatory medicines for three years from 1 January, 2008 to 31 December, 2010 for an annual cap not exceeding RMB20,000,000 (approximately HK$20,427,000), RMB25,000,000 (approximately HK$25,534,000) and RMB30,000,000 (approximately HK$30,640,000), respectively.
On 9 November, 2007, LYG Tianqing, as the purchaser, has also entered into an agreement with Jiangsu Fenghai (an associate of Jiangsu Agribusiness and a connected person of the Company), as the supplier, for the sale and distribution of anti-bacterial and anti-flammatory medicines and cardio-cerebral medicines for three years from 1 January, 2008 to 31 December, 2010 for an annual cap not exceeding RMB5,000,000 (approximately HK$5,107,000), RMB7,000,000 (approximately HK$7,149,000) and RMB9,000,000 (approximately HK$9,192,000), respectively.
On 17 April, 2008, the Company, as the tenant and Billlion Source Holdings Limited (held as to 50/50 respectively by Mr. Tse Ping and Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling, Directors of the Company and connected persons of the Company), as the landlord, entered into a tenancy agreement regarding the letting of an office premises in Beijing for a term of three years from 1 January, 2008 to 31 December, 2010 for an annual rental not exceeding RMB3,000,000 (approximately HK$3,326,000), RMB 3,300,000 (approximately HK$3,659,000) and RMB3,630,000 (approximately HK$4,025,000), respectively.
On 24 September, 2008, JCTT, as the purchaser, has entered into a new master purchase agreement with Jiangsu State Agribusiness Commercial Commodities Limited, as the supplier, for the purchase of coal for three years from 1 January, 2009 to 31 December, 2011 for an annual cap not exceeding RMB7,800,000 (approximately HK$8,874,000), RMB9,000,000 (approximately HK$10,239,000) and RMB12,000,000 (approximately HK$13,652,000), respectively.
On 24 September, 2008, CT Green Continent as service provider has entered into a new technology development services agreement with Jiangsu Fenghai (a connected person of the Company) for the provision of technology development services for cardio-cerebral medicines, gastrointestinal medicines, anti-diabetic medicines and antibiotics for three years from 1 January, 2009 to 31 December, 2011 for an annual cap not exceeding RMB5,000,000 (approximately HK$5,689,000) each year.
The exchange rates used for the conversion of RMB into Hong Kong dollars represented the exchange rates on the dates of the respective announcements.
The independent non-executive directors have reviewed the terms and transactions and conformed to the Board of Directors that, in their opinion, the transactions, and the arrangements governing those transactions, are entered into by the relevant members of the Group in the ordinary and usual course of business and on normal commercial terms, and were fair and reasonable so far as the shareholders of the Company are concerned and in the interests of the shareholders of the Company as a whole.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Report of Directors
SUFFICIENCY OF PUBLIC FLOAT
Based on information that is publicly available to the Company and within the knowledge of the directors, at least 25% of the Company's total issued share capital was held by the public throughout the year ended 31 December, 2009.
DIRECTORS' INTERESTS IN A COMPETING BUSINESS
As at 31 December, 2009, the following director was considered to have interests in a business which competes or was likely to compete, either directly or indirectly, with the businesses of the Group, as defined in the Listing Rules, as set out below.
Mr. Tse Ping owns controlling interests or investment interests in ABH Nature's Products Inc. ("ABH").
ABH is principally engaged in the re-processing of natural medicines and vitamins in the United States.
There is no law or regulation or agreement which prohibits or restricts the entry of the above enterprises into any business which may compete directly or indirectly with the Group.
Mr. Tse Ping has executed a deed of non-competition undertaking in favour of the Company on 9 September, 2003 which has become effective upon the commencement of trading in shares of the Company on the Main Board of the Stock Exchange.
Pursuant to the Undertaking, Mr. Tse Ping has undertaken to the Company that, conditional upon the commencement of trading in the shares on the Main Board, for so long as (i) Mr. Tse Ping, together with his associates, shall remain beneficially interests, directly or indirectly, in shares with at least 30 per cent. of the voting rights of the Company (from time to time), and (ii) the shares shall remain traded on the Main Board, neither Mr. Tse Ping nor any of Mr. Tse's Companies (excluding for this purpose the Group) will, within the Territory (as defined below), carry on, become engaged or otherwise become interested (saved through Mr. Tse's interest in the Company) directly or indirectly in, any business which falls within the Restricted Business (as defined below); and For the purpose of the Undertaking:– "Mr. Tse's Company(ies)" refers to any of the companies or other entities of which more than 50 per cent. of the issued shares or equity of other nature carrying voting rights are directly or indirectly owned by Mr. Tse Ping or regarding which companies or entities Mr. Tse Ping is entitled to control the board of directors or management body of similar nature; "Restricted Business" refers to:– the research and development, production and sale of biopharmaceutical products for the medical treatment of ophthalmia and osteoarthritis, biopharmaceutical products for external use for the medical treatment of skin diseases, modernized Chinese medicines, chemical medicines and modern health-care products for the medical treatment of hepatitis and angiopathy of cardio-cerebral; and the research and development of new medicines and modern health-care products for the medical treatment of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases; and "Territory" refers to the PRC (including Hong Kong).
Annual Report 2009 Report of Directors
DIRECTORS' INTERESTS IN A COMPETING BUSINESS (continued)
The Undertaking does not apply to the following:- the holding of shares or other securities issued by the Company or any of its subsidiaries from time to time; (ii) the holding of shares or other securities in any company which carries on, or is engaged or interested directly or indirectly in, any business which falls within the Restricted Business in the Territory, provided that such securities are listed on a stock exchange with regular trading and the total securities held by Mr. Tse Ping and/or his associates do not amount to more than 20 per cent. of the issued shares or other securities of the company in question; and (iii) the investment by Mr. Tse Ping and/or Mr. Tse's Company in a business in the Territory which falls within the Restricted Business if the opportunity to invest in such business had been offered to and was either rejected by the Company or accepted in part by the Company on the basis of the investment in the balance being taken up by Mr. Tse or Mr. Tse's company, in either case in accordance with paragraph below.
In the event that Mr. Tse Ping or any Mr. Tse's Company has identified an opportunity to invest (whether by way of the establishment of a new enterprise or the acquisition of existing interests in, or the injection of new capital into, an existing enterprise) in a business in the Territory which falls within the Restricted Business or any pharmaceutical related business in the Territory in which the Group is principally engaged from time to time (excluding any business in which Xian C.P. Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. ("Xian CP") and/or Hainan Tigerlily Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. is/are engaged as at the date of the Undertaking) (the "Proposed Business"), Mr. Tse will undertake that he will procure that the said opportunity be first offered to the Company and that all relevant information relating to the Proposed Business in the possession of Mr. Tse and/or any Mr. Tse's Company shall be provided to the Company. The independent non-executive Directors shall have the right on behalf of the Company to determine whether the Group should:- reject the said opportunity in its entirety; or accept the said opportunity in full and proceed with the participation in the Proposed Business; or (iii) accept the said opportunity in part only on condition that, subject to compliance with any applicable requirements of the Listing Rules, Mr. Tse Ping (including through a Mr. Tse's Company) takes up the balance of the investment upon terms approved by the independent non-executive Directors.
Save as disclosed above, none of the directors or the management shareholders of the Company (as defined in the Listing Rules) had an interest in a business which competes or may compete with the business of the Group.
EVENTS AFTER THE REPORTING PERIOD
Details of the significant events after the reporting period of the Group are set out in note 41 to the financial statements.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Report of Directors
Including the Directors, the Group had around 6,476 employees as at 31 December, 2009. The Group remunerates its employees based on their performance, experience and prevailing market rate. Other employee benefits include insurance and medical coverage, subsidized training programmes as well as share option scheme.
In order to properly reflect the public accountability and time and effort spent on the Board and various committees and meetings, the determination of emoluments of the directors of the Company has taken into consideration of their expertise and job specifications.
CODE ON CORPORATE GOVERNANCE PRACTICES
In the opinion of the directors, the Company has complied with the Code Provisions set out in the Code on Corporate Governance as set out in Appendix 14 of the Rules Governing the Listing of Securities on The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (the "Listing Rules") for the year ended 31 December, 2009, with the exception of a deviation from Code Provision A.2.1:- Code Provision A.2.1 – The Code Provision stipulates that the roles of chairman and chief executive officer should be separate and should not be performed by the same individual. Mr. Tse Ping is the chairman and chief executive officer of the Company. The Board considers that Mr. Tse Ping's substantial experience in the pharmaceutical business and management will enhance the Company's decision making and operational efficiency. To help achieve a better balance of power and authority, the chairman discusses important issues and decisions relating to the Group's business with other Executive Directors.
On 31 March, 2009, Mr. Xu Xiaoyang has been appointed as the CEO of the Company. Upon his appointment as the CEO, the Company complies with Code Provision A.2.1 MODEL CODE FOR SECURITIES TRANSACTIONS BY DIRECTORS
The Company has adopted a code of conduct regarding securities transactions by Directors as set out in Appendix 10 of the Listing Rules (the "Model Code"). Having made specific enquiry of all Directors, it was confirmed that all Directors have complied with the required standard set out in the Model Code and the code of conduct regarding securities transactions by Directors adopted by the Company.
INDEPENDENT NON-EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS
The Group has complied with Rules 3.10(1) and 3.10(2) of the Listing Rules relating to appointment of a sufficient number of the independent non-executive directors ("INEDs") and at least an INED with appropriate professional qualifications, or accounting or related financial management expertise. The Company has appointed three INEDs including one with financial management expertise, details of their biographies are set out in the 2009 annual report.
Annual Report 2009 Report of Directors
The Company has established an audit committee (the "Committee") with written terms of reference in accordance with the requirement of the Code on Corporate Governance Practices. The primary duties of the Committee are to review the Company's annual and interim reports and accounts, and quarterly results and to provide advice and comments thereon to the board of directors. The Committee will also be responsible for reviewing the financial reporting process and internal control system of the Group. The Committee has three members comprising the three INEDs, Mr. Lu Zhengfei, Mr. Li Dakui and Ms. Li Jun.
The Group's financial statements for the year ended 31 December, 2009 have been reviewed by the Committee, who were of the opinion that such statements complied with the applicable accounting standards, the Stock Exchange and legal requirements, and that adequate disclosures had been made.
Ernst & Young retire and a resolution for their reappointment as auditors of the Company will be proposed at the forthcoming annual general meeting.
ON BEHALF OF THE BOARD PRC31 March, 2010 Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Directors and Senior Management Profi le
Mr. Tse Ping
, aged 58, is the Founder and Chairman of the Company. He is responsible for the overall operations of the Group. With more than 18 years of pharmaceutical related investment and management experience, Mr. Tse was formerly the vice chairman of Shenzhen 999 Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. , and was involved in the management of Hainan Qingqihaiyao Stock Company Limited (formerly known as Hainan Pharmaceutical Industrial Joint-Stock Company Limited ), which is now listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange in the PRC. Mr. Tse was also formerly the chairman of CTQ which is now a subsidiary of SIIC Medical, the chairman of Xian CP and the executive chairman of TM International Bank Co., Ltd, based in Shanghai. Mr. Tse is still a director of CTQ, a committee member of the Association of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology of China and an honoral professor of Shenyang University of Pharmacy. Beyond the pharmaceutical and biotechnology fields, Mr. Tse is currently the vice chairman of Chia Tai Enterprises International Limited, an investment holding company listed on the Main Board of the Stock Exchange.
Within the contemporary pharmaceutical industry, with the leadership by Mr. Tse Ping, Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited's market in hepatitis medicines and the therapeutic segment of micro-sphere target sustained medicine demonstrate a leading position. JCTT, Beijing Tide and CTQ were ranked the top 100 profit-making enterprises under the National Pharmaceutical Industrial Statistics Annual Report. In November, 2005, the Company was awarded "Best under 1 US Billion enterprise within the Asian Pacific Region" by Forbes Asia. At the first "Capital – Chinese Outstanding Enterprise Achievement Prize" campaign launched by the Capital Magazine, the Company was awarded "Capital – Chinese Outstanding Pharmaceutical Group Prize" in May, 2006. In January, 2008, Mr. Tse was awarded in Hong Kong with "the World Outstanding Chinese" and a honorable Doctor Degree by the University of West Alabama, United States of America. In December, 2008, he was awarded "2007/2008 Asian Knowledge Management Association academician" by the Asian Knowledge Management Association.
Mr. Tse is a member of the Ninth, Tenth and Eleventh National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. He is currently the vice chairman of Chaozhou Natives Chamber of Commerce Beijing and Chaozhou Natives Overseas Association in Beijing. He is also the Honorable Chairman of Beijing Thai Immigrants Association and the Honorable Consultant of Hong Kong (Xian) Association. Mr. Zhang Baowen
, aged 53, is the Vice Chairman, an Executive Vice President and a senior engineer of the Company, and principally responsible for the Group's business development and management. He is a graduate of the Shenyang Pharmaceutical University with a Bachelor Degree in science. Mr. Zhang joined the Group in October, 1994 and has extensive experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Mr. Zhang was previously appointed as the head of the Group's investment division. He is currently a director of JCTT, NJCTT, Jiangsu Fenghai, Yancheng Suhai, Jiangsu Qingjiang, CTGC, Qingdao Haier and Beijing Tide. Mr. Zhang is a member of the 20th and 21st committee of the China Medicine Association. He is the editor of the China Pharmaceutical Technological Economics and Management Journal. He has over 27 years of experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Mr. Zhang has 5 invention patents and has released thesis in the United States of America.
Mr. Xu Xiaoyang
, aged 47, joined the Group in September, 2007. He is the Chief Executive Officer of the Company. He also served as President, senior engineer and practicing pharmacist of the Group. He is responsible for affairs with government authorities, management of various subsidiaries, certain investment projects and human resources of the Group. He obtained a Bachelor Degree in Industrial Science from Chinese Medicine Department of the Business Faculty of Harbin University of Commerce (previously known as "Heilongjiang Institute of Commerce"). Before joining the Group, he had worked as chief engineer and general manager in Tianjin Darentang Pharmaceutical Factory. In 1992, Mr. Xu was selected by the Sino-Japan Association for International Exchange of Talents for the Japan Association for Overseas Technical Scholarship (AOTS) program and studied research and development and management for one year with Matsuura Yakugyo, Japan and obtained an education proof. He has also studied a Master Degree of Business Administration in Tianjin University of Finance and Economics during 1997 and 1998. In 1999, he also studied Business Administration in Technische Fachhochschule Berlin. Mr. Xu is the leader in Annual Report 2009 Directors and Senior Management Profi le
natural science technology segment in Tianjin, an expert in pricing strategy of the pharmaceutical products assessment centre of the The National Development and Reform Commission, technical consultant of the China Chamber of Commerce of Medicines and Health Products Importers and Exporters, an expert in China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicines and a member of the Eighth editorial committee of "Chinese Herbs Magazine" and a member of the Tianjin Euro-American Students Association. Mr. Xu has several patents and released various thesis.
Mr. Tse Hsin
, aged 40, is an Executive Director and a Vice President of the Company. He is mainly responsible for the acquisition and merger activities of the Group. He is also the Group's spokesman. Mr. Tse graduated from the University of Hong Kong with a Bachelor's Degree (Honors) in Industrial Engineering. He joined the Group in August, 1995 as an assistant to the President of the Company and served as the general manager of Xian CP. Mr. Tse is a council member of the first council and the executive council member of the second council of Chaozhou Natives Chamber of Commerce Beijing. He is also an executive member of the Right Protection Association for the Medical Treatment Equipment Enterprises of the Shaanxi Province, the vice chairman of the fourth council of the Foreign Invested Enterprises Association of the Shaanxi Province, the executive member of the third committee of the Shaanxi Cancer Fighting Association and the vice chairman of the World Chinese Medicine and Pharmaceutical Professional Joint Committee. He was also awarded the "Outstanding Management Award for Foreign-invested Enterprises of Shaanxi Province" and "Outstanding Entrepreneur who cares about his staff" by the Shaanxi Provincial Government. He is also an executive director of Beijing Tide, a director of JCTT, LYG Hualing and the director and vice president of Chia Tai Healthcare (Holdings) Limited. He is a first cousin of Mr. Tse Ping, the Founder, Chairman and Executive Director of the Company and the brother of Ms. Tse Wun, a member of the senior management of the Company.
Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling
, aged 46, graduated from the Guanghua School of Management of Peking University and obtained a Master Degree in Business Administration. She joined the Company as an executive director in January, 2005. She is responsible for the public relation affairs of the Group. She is also the member of the Standing Committee of China Overseas Friendship Association, a vice chairlady of the Shaanxi Province Federation of Industry and Commerce, and a member of the Standing Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Shaanxi Provincial Committee. She is the spouse of Mr. Tse Ping, both the executive director and substantial shareholder of the Company.
Mr. Tao Huiqi
, aged 60, joined the Group in April, 1997 and is the vice chairman of JCTT. He is responsible for the general operations of JCTT and NJCTT. He is a university graduate and senior economist. Mr. Tao has extensive experience in managing pharmaceutical companies. He has been awarded the title of an "Outstanding Entrepreneur" by the China Pharmaceutical Enterprises Management Association, Association of Entrepreneur Medicine of China and the State Medicine Commission, Jiangsu Economic Planning Commission, and Jiangsu Pharmaceutical Administration, respectively.
Mr. He Huiyu
, aged 66, joined the Company as an executive director in January, 2005. He graduated from the medical department in Hunan Medical College in 1968. He is a chief doctor, professor, researcher, and a director of Beijing Tide, a jointly-controlled entity of the Company. Mr. He has over 36 years experience in clinical medical treatment, scientific research management, and integrated traditional Chinese Medicine and Western medicine and clinical research and development. He has been the chairman of Hunan Hengyang Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine Integration Hospital and Hunan Hengyang Central Hospital, chief executive of the Bureau of Chinese Pharmaceutical Management and the chairman of China-Japan Friendship Hospital. Mr. He is a member of the Tenth National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. He is also the vice chairman of Association of International Development of Medicines and Health of the PRC.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Directors and Senior Management Profi le
Independent non-executive Directors
Mr. Lu Zhengfei
, aged 46, is the chairman of the audit committee and a member of the remuneration committee. He received P.h.D. Degree in Economics with concentration in financial management. Mr. Lu is currently the Vice Chairman, Professor and supervisor of doctoral students, Guanghua School of Management of Peking University. He has previously held various senior positions in the Department of Accounting of both Peking University and Nanjing University. He is the consulting expert of the China Financial Accounting Standards Board, Ministry of Finance. He is also a director of the China Accounting Association and an executive director of the China Auditing Association. Mr. Lu is the editor of several accounting and finance journals and he has issued various publications. He is an independent non-executive director of China National Materials Co. Ltd., PICC Property and Casualty Company Limited and Sinotrans Limited, whose shares are listed on the Stock Exchange.
Mr. Li Dakui
, aged 66, joined the Company as an independent non-executive director and a member of the audit committee in September, 2004. He graduated from the Faculty of Pharmacy of Beijing Medical University (now named Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Beijing University) in 1965. In 1982, he obtained a Master Degree in Pharmaceutics from Peking Union Medical College ("PUMC") and is the chief pharmacist of PUMC Hospital and used to be a director of Pharmacy Department of PUMC Hospital for years. Mr. Li is also a vice president of the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association, the Chairman of the Committee of Hospital Pharmacy Branch of Chinese Pharmaceutical Association, the vice chairman of the Chinese Practicing Pharmacist Association, a vice editor of Chinese Pharmaceutical Magazine and Chinese Hospital Pharmaceutical Journal and Chinese Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, a member of the Chinese Pharmaceutical Committee and vice team leader of its medicine professional team, a member of the Drug Evaluation Committee of State Food and Drug Administration of China. Mr. Li is a member of advisory committee on safety of medicinal products meeting organized by World Health Organization.
Ms. Li Jun
, aged 41, joined the Company as an independent non-executive director and a member of the audit committee in January, 2005 and she is also a member of the remuneration committee. She obtained a Bachelor Degree in International Law from Fudan University (Law Department) and a Master Degree in Economic Law from Peking University (Law Department). She has also studied at SOAS, London. She has been qualified as a PRC lawyer since 1992. She joined Zong Heng Law Firm, Beijing as one of the founding partners in 1993. She has previously worked with Joseph & Chan, Hong Kong and Clifford Chance, Hong Kong as a senior PRC lawyer. Ms. Li has extensive experience in various areas of litigation, arbitration and dispute resolution work, mainly in dealing with commercial disputes, civil tort and administrative disputes. She is also engaged in great deal of non-disputes tasks such as change of constitution of state-owned enterprises, initial public offering and mergers and acquisition.
Ms. Leung Sau Fung, Fanny
, is the vice president and the company secretary of the Company. She joined the Group in February, 1992. She is responsible for overseeing the corporate compliance of the Group's listed and statutory issues. She obtained a Honours Diploma in Company Secretaryship and Administration. She is an associate member of both the Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators and The Hong Kong Institute of Company Secretaries. Before joining the Group, Ms. Leung worked in the Company Secretarial Department of an international audit firm.
Ms. Yu Chau Ling
, is the assistant vice president, financial controller and qualified accountant of the Company. She graduated from the University of Hong Kong with a Bachelor Degree in Social Sciences and obtained the MBA degree from The Open University of Hong Kong in 2005. She is the fellow member and an associate member of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants and the Hong Kong Society of Accountants respectively. Ms. Yu joined the Company in February, 2003 and has working experience in the international audit firm and listed companies.
Ms. Chen Xiaofeng
, aged 56, is the officer of audit division of the Company. She is principally responsible for the Group's internal audit issues. Ms. Chen joined the Group in November, 1993 and was the manager of the investment division, deputy controller of the accounting division, controller of the finance and accounting division and the financial controller in the PRC. She is a director of Beijing Tide and NJCTT. Ms. Chen is a certified accountant in the PRC and has over 26 years of experience in accounting and finance.
Annual Report 2009 Directors and Senior Management Profi le
Ms. Cheng Hui
, aged 46, is the deputy financial controller of the Group. Ms. Cheng joined the Group in May, 1993 and is responsible for the Group's PRC financial and personnel issues. She has been the head of the finance department in China Construction Bank (Zaozhuang City Branch). Ms. Cheng has 20 years of working experience in finance and accounting. She was awarded the accountancy qualification certificate issued by Ministry of Finance and Ministry of State Personnel in 1992, and ACCA Chinese finance and accounting qualification certificate issued by Chartered Association of Certified Accountants. Ms. Cheng received international advanced human resources management professional training held by the International Public Management Association for Human Resources (IPMA-HR).
Ms. Li Mingqin
, aged 51, is the office manager in the Beijing Representative Office, the director and deputy general manager of CTGC and the director of Beijing Tide. She is principally responsible for the research and development of new medicines for the Group. Ms. Li graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of the Beijing Chinese Medicine University with a Bachelor Degree in medicine. Prior to joining the Company, Ms. Li has worked in Sino-Japanese Friendly Hospital and Beijing Chinese Medicine University, engaged in the teaching of medicines, R&D of new medicines and medicines management. During the period from 1992 to 1995, Ms. Li has been engaged in Post-doctorate research in the Medicine School of University of Colorado, USA and the Medical College in the University of Massachusetts. Ms. Li joined the Group in March, 1997 and she has 27 years of experience in the pharmaceutical industry.
Ms. Dong Ping
, aged 41, is the general manager of finance and accounting division of the Company. Ms. Dong joined the Group in June, 2000. She graduated from the Economic Management Department of Beijing Youth Politics College. She also holds Certificate of Completion of Executive MBA Programme for Marketing Management of Pharmaceutical Industry jointly awarded by Beijing Asia-Pacific Education Centre and Social Development Research Institute, and Beijing Qunyin Enterprise Management Corporation Ltd. Ms. Dong has been the deputy manager of the financial division of the Group, the deputy general manager of Finance and accounting division of Xian Chia Tai Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. and the assistant to the Financial Controller of the Company in the PRC. Ms. Dong has about 17 years of experience in accounting and finance, and is a certified accountant in China.
Mr. Sun Jian
, aged 48, is a senior vice president of JCTT and the general manager of Lianyungang Tianqing. Mr. Sun joined the Group in April, 1997 and has extensive experience in sales and production management. Mr. Sun was a senior vice president of JCTT. He graduated from Nanjing Polytechnic Institute with a Degree in engineering. He has over 21 years of experience in pharmaceutical industry.
Mr. Wu Yuchao
Mr. Tian Zhoushan
, aged 46, joined the Group in April, 1997 and is responsible for the business of NJCTT. Mr. Tian is a vice president of JCTT and the general manager of NJCTT. Mr. Tian completed MBA coursework in Nanjing University. He was the production manager, and assistant to the president of JCTT. Mr. Tian has 21 years of experience in the pharmaceutical industry.
Mr. Tang Zhaocheng
, aged 43, is a vice president of JCTT. He is responsible for the production management of JCTT. Mr. Tang joined JCTT in April, 1997. He has a professional qualification in chemical engineering. Mr. Tang has been a vice officer in technological production, and a manager in quality control as well as a chief officer in GMP and assistant to president of JCTT. He has been a team leader in the production of Ganlixin and Zegui Longshuang in JCTT. Mr. Tang has over 16 years of experience in the pharmaceutical industry.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Directors and Senior Management Profi le
Ms. Han Caifeng
, aged 51, joined the Group in July, 2007 and is the general manager and director of Jiangsu Qingjiang. She obtained a Bachelor's Degree and graduated as a post-graduate in the Department of Enterprise Management of Nanjing University. She is the vice president of the Sino-Western Medical Practician Society of the Jiangsu Province. She has over 21 years' experience in pharmaceutical enterprise management. Mr. Wang Minggang
, aged 53, joined the Group in September, 2008 and is the vice chairman of the board
of directors and the general manager of Qingdao Haier. He is also a practicing doctor and a senior engineer. Mr. Wang has worked in some large-scale domestic and foreign pharmaceutical companies and he has more than 20 years of experience in the pharmaceutical industry. He has been the marketing director of Xian CP, the sales general manager of Beijing Sihuan Pharmaceutical Factory, and the general manager of Qingdao Haier. Mr. Wang is also a member of Qingdao Pharmaceutical Association, a member of Qingdao Medical Association, and a member of the Tenth Qingdao Laoshan District's Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.
Mr. Qu Yunzhi
, aged 54, joined the Group in October, 2002 and is responsible for the business of CTGC. He is the vice chairman and the general manager of CTGC. He obtained a Master Degree in medical science in Inner Mongolia Medical University. Mr. Qu was the chairman of Hohhot Natural Pharmacy Industrial Research Institute. Mr. Qu has 26 years of experience in the scientific research of medicines and has expertise in R&D of dripping pills.
Mr. Zhang Xiquan
, aged 40, is the chief engineer of JCTT. Mr. Zhang graduated from Nankai University in 1994 with a M.S. Degree. He has carried out studies of a number of new drugs with expertise in drug candidate selection and drug development with partners. Mr. Zhang joined JCTT in April, 1997.
Ms. Li Chun Ling
, aged 38, is a vice president of JCTT. She is responsible for the financial and accounting affairs of JCTT. Ms. Li joined the Group in February, 1996 and was a manager in the audit department and finance and accounting department of the Group. Ms. Li graduated from Guizhou College of Finance and Accounting. Before joining the Group, Ms. Li had worked in audit firms and as a team in-charge for social auditing of projects. Ms. Li has over 11 years experience in finance and accounting, and is a certified accountant in the PRC.
Ms. Gu Liping
, aged 48, is a vice president of JCTT. She is principally responsible for the public relation affairs for JCTT. She graduated from the department of chemistry of Nanjing University and holds a M.S. Degree. Ms. Gu is a senior engineer and she joined the Group in December, 2001. She was the vice director of the finance division of Jiangsu Agribusiness and the deputy general manager of Jiangsu Juxin Investment Management Company Limited.
Mr. Wang Shanchun
, aged 42, is the general engineer of JCTT. He graduated from Nanjing University of Chemistry in July, 1990 and joined JCTT in 2009. Mr. Wang studied a Master Degree in pharmaceutical engineering with Tianjin University from 1999 to 2002. He was a vice officer and an officer of the production plant, the deputy manager and the manager of engineering department, chief of GMP office and the vice general engineer.
Mr. Li Jinming
, aged 45, is the deputy general manager of Lianyungang Tianqing. Mr. Li studied in the pharmaceutical major of Chinese Pharmaceutical University. Mr. Li holds the MBA Degree awarded jointly by Huadong University of Science and Technology and America University of Management and Technology. Mr. Li has over 10 years experience as major district manager in pharmaceutical sales in two well-known pharmaceutical enterprises in China. He was the major district manager of JCTT for five years. Mr. Li has extensive sales and management experience. Mr. Wang Hong
, aged 46, is a deputy general manager of Lianyungang Tianqing and is responsible for the sales management. Mr. Wang graduated from Shanghai Medical University in 1991 with a Master degree in medical science. He also holds an MBA Degree from the Business School of the National University of Singapore. He was the Derm Franchise Sales Manager of Xian-Janssen Pharmaceutical Ltd. where he had worked for 8 years. Mr. Wang has more than 10 years of experience in sales and he joined the Group in December, 2002, he was a vice president of JCTT and was responsible for sales management.
Mr. Zhang Xichang
, aged 68, is a senior advisor of JCTT. Mr. Zhang has been a workshop officer, deputy factory director and vice president of JCTT and was responsible for the production, sales, finance and R&D of JCTT. Mr. Zhang has over 31 years experience in pharmaceutical enterprise management. Mr. Zhang joined the Group in April, 1997.
Annual Report 2009 Directors and Senior Management Profi le
Ms. Wu Ruizhen
, aged 62, is a deputy general manager and financial controller of Lianyungang Tianqing. She graduated from Gansu Television Broadcast University with a Degree in industrial accounting. Ms. Wu joined the Group in January, 1997 and was a vice president of finance and accounting division of JCTT and a senior advisor of JCTT. Ms. Wu has over 31 years of experience in finance.
Dr. Ye Wei Nong
, aged 47, is the assistant president of the Company and general manager of the R&D department. He is responsible for the Group's development on Biotechnology. He is currently a director of China Biotech & Drug Development Limited and Jiangsu Fenghai. Dr. Ye graduated from Zhongshan (Dr. Sun Yat-Sen) University in biochemistry with a bachelor degree in science. In 1989, Dr. Ye obtained a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) in microbiology in Institut National des Sciences Appliquees (INSA) de Toulouse of France. He also obtained a certificate of study for Masters specialised in marketing and food technology in Ecole Superieure de Commerce (ESC) de Toulouse of France. Prior to joining the Group in July, 2002, Dr. Ye worked in Europe and Hong Kong for biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. Dr. Ye is a member of The Advistory Committee on Applied Biology and Chemical Technology of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. He is also a member of the 8th Subcommittee of Industrial Biochemistry and Molecular Biology under The Chinese Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (CSBMB).
Ms. Chia Fai
, aged 52, is an assistant to the chairman of the Company and personnel manager. Ms. Chia joined the Group in November, 1991 and has more than 20 years of experience in financial area. Ms. Chia is a director of various companies including Chia Tai Pharmaceutical (Lianyungang) Company Limited, Talent Forward Limited, Sino Biopharmaceutical (Beijing) Limited and Magnificent Technology Limited She is a sister of Mr. Tse Ping.
Ms. Tse Wun
, aged 43, is an assistant to the chairman of the Company. She joined the Group in November, 1991. She is principally responsible for the Group's administration and financial matters in Hong Kong. Ms. Tse graduated from the University of Oregon with a B.S. degree. She was formerly a director of Shenzhen 999 Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. and has 11 years of experience in finance and investment. She is a first cousin of Mr. Tse Ping.
Mr. Lu Yuehui
, aged 56, is the financial controller and a deputy general manager NJCTT. He joined the Group in February, 1995. Mr. Lu graduated from the Department of Foreign Language Department in Beijing Hongqi University and Department of Accountancy in Beijing Finance and Trade Institute. He was an instructor of the Department of Accountancy in Beijing Economic Management Cadre College. Mr. Lu has been the manager of audit department and manger of finance and accountancy in the Group. Mr. Lu has 26 years of experience in finance and accounting profession and is a qualified accountant.
Mr. Zhang Zhenqian
, aged 40, is the deputy general manager and an engineer of NJCTT. Mr. Zhang joined the Group in April, 1997 and is responsible for the sales and operation of NJCTT. Graduated from Xuzhou College of Engineering, Mr. Zhang has completed the studies in EMBA program in Guanghua Management School in Beijing University. Mr. Zhang has over 11 years experience in pharmaceutical industry and was a branch manager, major district manager of JCTT.
Mr. Wang Kuanqi
, aged 43, is the deputy general manager of NJCTT and is responsible for production. Mr. Wang graduated from Changzhou Chemical Institute with the profession qualification in organic synthesis. He joined JCTT in 1988. He studied pharmacy with China Pharmaceutical University from 1999 to 2002. He was a team leader and an officer of the production plant, the production manager and an assistant to general manager.
Mr. Tse Hsuan, Johnny
, aged 40, is the general manager of the company's Information Management Department. He joined the Group in January, 2003. He is principally responsible for the development and maintenance of information system for the Company. Mr. Tse graduated from the University of Oregon with a B.S. Degree in computer science in the United States. He also graduated from ESMOD Paris (Ecole International de Mode Paris) with a diploma in fashion design and pattern drafting. Before joining the Company, Mr. Tse worked in Beijing Major Kind Co., Ltd. engaged in fashion design and computer system maintenance. His design of uniform for air attendants was adopted by Air China. He is a first cousin of Mr. Tse Ping.
Mr. Wang Yonggan
, aged 32, is the assistant to the Company's financial controller in the PRC. Mr. Wang studied in the department of economics with major in accounting at Shandong University of Science and Technology and graduated with a Bachelor Degree in economics. In September, 1999 Mr. Wang joined the Group and was the deputy manager in the finance and accounting division of JCTT, and was the financial manager of the Company. Mr. Wang holds China's Certified Public Accountant certificate and Registered Tax Agent certificate.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Directors and Senior Management Profi le
Mr. Shen Xiaoguang
, aged 38, is the general manager of the investment management department of the Company. Mr. Shen participates in the business development and management of the Group, and is responsible for the market analysis of main products and R&D of new products. Mr. Shen graduated from the Heilongjiang College of Business with a Bachelor Degree in Science in pharmaceutical manufacturing, and has about 12 years experience in pharmaceutical sales and marketing and product R&D. Mr. Shen joined the Group in February, 2003.
Mr. Jiang Yi
, aged 43, is the deputy general manager of the investment management department of the Company. Mr. Jiang joined the Group in March, 2004 and is principally responsible for new project investment and management. Mr. Jiang graduated from The Third Military Medical University with a Bachelor Degree in medical science. Mr. Jiang has been the regional business manager and national business manager for about nine years in China representative offices of foreign pharmaceutical enterprises. He has about 15 years of experience in sales and marketing in pharmaceutical industry.
Annual Report 2009 LEGAL NAME OF THE COMPANY
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Mr. Lu Zhengfei (Chairman)Mr. Li Dakui STOCK CODE
COMPANY'S WEBSITE ADDRESS
Mr. Tse Ping (Chairman)Mr. Lu Zhengfei PLACE OF INCORPORATION
Ms. Leung Sau Fung, Fanny DATE OF LISTING ON MAIN BOARD
Ms. Yu Chau Ling, FCCA, CPA DATE OF LISTING ON GEM BOARD
29 September, 2000 Mr. Tse PingMs. Leung Sau Fung, Fanny AUTHORISED PERSON TO ACCEPT
SERVICES OF PROCESS AND NOTICES
Mr. Tse Ping (Chairman)Mr. Zhang Baowen (Vice Chairman) Mr. Xu Xiaoyang (CEO)Mr. Tse Hsin Ms. Cheng Cheung LingMr. Tao Huiqi CITIC Ka Wah Bank Limited 166 Hennessy RoadWanchai Independent non-executive Directors
Mr. Lu ZhengfeiMr. Li Dakui Bank of China (Hong Kong) Limited 1 Garden RoadHong Kong Agricultural Bank of China, Lianyungang BranchNo. 43 North Tong-guan RoadXinpu, LianyungangJiangsu ProvincePRC Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited PRINCIPAL SHARE REGISTRAR
AND TRANSFER OFFICE
As to Hong Kong Law: Butterfield Fulcrum Group (Cayman) Limited Morrison & Foerster 33rd Floor, Edinburgh Tower Butterfield House 15 Queen's Road Central Grand CaymanCayman Islands As to Cayman Islands Law:Conyers Dill & Pearman, Cayman HONG KONG BRANCH SHARE
REGISTRAR AND TRANSFER OFFICE
Cricket SquareHutchins Drive Tricor Tengis Limited 28 Queen's Road East British West Indies As to PRC Law:Navigator Law Office 308A, Tower C2Oriental Plaza No. 1 Codan Trust Company (Cayman) Limited East Chang An Ave Dong Cheng Districts P.O. Box 2681GTGeorge Town Grand CaymanBritish West Indies Ernst & YoungCertified Public Accountants HEAD OFFICE AND PRINCIPAL
18th Floor, Two International Finance Centre PLACE OF BUSINESS IN HONG KONG
8 Finance StreetCentral Unit 09, 41st Floor, Office Tower Convention Plaza1 Harbour Road INVESTOR RELATIONS CONSULTANT
Strategic Financial Relations LimitedUnit A, 29th FloorAdmiralty Centre I18 Harcourt RoadHong Kong Annual Report 2009 Independent Auditors' Report
TO THE SHAREHOLDERS OF SINO BIOPHARMACEUTICAL LIMITED
(Incorporated in the Cayman Islands with limited liability)
We have audited the financial statements of Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited set out on pages 48 to 120, which comprise the consolidated and company statements of financial position as at 31 December, 2009, and the consolidated income statement, the consolidated statement of comprehensive income, the consolidated statement of changes in equity and the consolidated statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory notes.
DIRECTORS' RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The directors of the Company are responsible for the preparation and the true and fair presentation of these financial statements in accordance with Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards issued by the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the disclosure requirements of the Hong Kong Companies Ordinance. This responsibility includes designing, implementing and maintaining internal control relevant to the preparation and the true and fair presentation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error; selecting and applying appropriate accounting policies; and making accounting estimates that are reasonable in the circumstances.
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. Our report is made solely to you, as a body, and for no other purpose. We do not assume responsibility towards or accept liability to any other person for the contents of this report.
We conducted our audit in accordance with Hong Kong Standards on Auditing issued by the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants. Those standards require that we comply with ethical requirements and plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance as to whether the financial statements are free from material misstatement.
An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. The procedures selected depend on the auditors' judgement, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, the auditors consider internal control relevant to the entity's preparation and true and fair presentation of the financial statements in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity's internal control. An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates made by the directors, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements.
We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Independent Auditors' Report
In our opinion, the financial statements give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Company and of the Group as at 31 December, 2009 and of the Group's profit and cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards and have been properly prepared in accordance with the disclosure requirements of the Hong Kong Companies Ordinance.
Ernst & Young
Certified Public Accountants
18th Floor, Two International Finance Centre
8 Finance Street, Central, Hong Kong
31 March, 2010
Annual Report 2009 Consolidated Income Statement
Year ended 31 December, 2009
3,243,649
(639,636)
2,604,013
Other income and gains Selling and distribution costs (1,287,499)
Administrative expenses (416,852)
(151,568)
Share of profits of an associate PROFIT BEFORE TAX Income tax expense (135,028)
PROFIT FOR THE YEAR Profit attributable to: Equity holders of the parent EARNINGS PER SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO ORDINARY EQUITY HOLDERS OF THE PARENT HK8.77 cents
Details of the dividends payable and proposed for the year are disclosed in note 12 to the financial statements.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income
Year ended 31 December, 2009 PROFIT FOR THE YEAR OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME Gains on property revaluation Income tax effect Available-for-sale assets: Change in fair value Exchange differences on translation of foreign operations OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE YEAR, NET OF TAX TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE YEAR Total comprehensive income attributable to: Equity holders of the parent Annual Report 2009 Consolidated Statement of Financial Position
31 December, 2009
NON-CURRENT ASSETSProperty, plant and equipment Prepaid land lease payments Other intangible assets Investment in an associate Available-for-sale investments Deferred tax assets TOTAL NON-CURRENT ASSETS 1,126,492
CURRENT ASSETSInventories 22 Trade receivables Prepayments, deposits and other receivables Equity investments at fair value through profi t or loss Due from related companies Cash and bank balances 1,827,313
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS 2,639,829
CURRENT LIABILITIESTrade payables Other payables and accruals Interest-bearing bank borrowings Due to related companies TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES NET CURRENT ASSETS 1,952,825
TOTAL ASSETS LESS CURRENT LIABILITIES 3,079,317
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Consolidated Statement of Financial Position (Continued)
31 December, 2009 NON-CURRENT LIABILITIESDeferred government grants Deferred tax liabilities TOTAL NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES 3,027,944
EQUITYEQUITY ATTRIBUTABLE TO EQUITY HOLDERS OF THE PARENTIssued capital 2,265,491
Proposed fi nal dividends 2,474,348
MINORITY INTERESTS 3,027,944
Zhang Baowen
Xu Xiaoyang
Director Director Annual Report 2009 Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity
Year ended 31 December, 2009
Attributable to equity holders of the parent Issued premium Capital revaluation revaluation Contributed Reserve fluctuation Retained Notes capital account reserve reserve reserve surplus funds reserve profits dividend Total interests equity HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 56,599 281,846 16,622 15,712 (9,979) 20,743 105,073 42,500 1,444,853 45,279 2,019,248 201,055 Total comprehensive income – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – declared 12 – – – – – – – – – 12 – – – – – – – – dividend 12 – – – – – – – – 45,279 – – – – – – – – – (47,643) – – – – 56,599 281,846* 16,622* 17,505* –* 20,743* 152,716* 78,632* 1,558,986* 45,279 2,228,928 423,006 2,651,934 Attributable to equity holders of the parent
investment
Exchange
Issued premium Capital revaluation revaluation Contributed Reserve fluctuation Retained
Minority
capital account reserve reserve reserve surplus funds reserve profits dividend Total interests equity
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
At 1 January, 2009 56,599 281,846 16,622 17,505
– 20,743 152,716 78,632
1,558,986 45,279
2,228,928 423,006
Total comprehensive income for the year – – –
17,221 – – –
396,962 –
Dividends paid to minority shareholders – – – – – – – – – – –
(138,792)
Final 2008 dividend declared – – – – – – – – –
(45,279)
(45,279) –
Issue of bonus shares (56,599) – – – – – – – – – – –
Interim 2009 dividend paid – – – – – – – –
(124,519) –
(124,519) –
Proposed final 2009 dividend – – – – – – – –
(95,659)
95,659 – – –
Transfer from retained profits – – – – – –
66,939 –
(66,939) – – – –
At 31 December, 2009 113,198 225,247* 16,622* 34,726*
–* 20,743* 219,655* 79,667*
1,668,831* 95,659 2,474,348 553,596 3,027,944
These reserve accounts comprise the consolidated reserves of HK$2,265,491,000 (2008: HK$2,127,050,000) in the consolidated statement of financial position.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Consolidated Cash Flow Statement
Year ended 31 December, 2009 CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIESProfit before tax Adjustments for: Finance Share of profit of an associate (15,460)
Revaluation (surplus)/deficit of property, plant and equipment Recognition of prepaid land lease payments Amortisation of other intangible assets Write off of other intangible assets Loss/(Gain) on disposal of items of property, plant and equipment Gain on disposal of available-for-sale investments Impairment of available-for-sale investments Increase in inventories (26,124)
Increase in trade receivables (119,746)
Increase in prepayments, deposits and other receivables (28,097)
Increase in equity investments at fair value through profit or loss (53,898)
(Increase)/decrease in amounts due from related companies Increase in trade payables Increase in other payables and accruals Increase in deferred government grants Decrease in amounts due to related companies Cash generated from operations Profits tax paid (131,481)
Net cash flows from operating activities CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIESInterest received Dividend received Purchases of items of property, plant and equipment (340,394)
Increase in prepaid land lease payments Proceeds from disposal of items of property, plant and equipment Additions to other intangible assets (13,699)
Purchases of available-for-sale investments Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale investments Acquisition of subsidiaries Acquisition of an associate Increase in time deposits with original maturity of more than three months Net cash flows used in investing activities (320,607)
Annual Report 2009 Consolidated Cash Flow Statement (Continued)
Year ended 31 December, 2009
Net cash flows used in investing activities (320,607)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIESInterest paid (169,798)
Dividends paid to minority shareholders (138,792)
(Repayment of)/additional bank loans (101,086)
Net cash used in financing activities (412,449)
NET (DECREASE)/INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH (46,364)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 1,794,727
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes, net CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF YEAR 1,738,980
ANALYSIS OF BALANCES OF CASH AND CASH Cash and bank balances, unrestricted Time deposits with original maturity of less than three months when acquired 1,330,438
Cash and cash equivalents as stated in the statement of cash flows 1,738,980
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Statement of Financial Position
31 December, 2009 NON-CURRENT ASSETSProperty, plant and equipment Investments in subsidiaries Available-for-sale investments Total non-current assets CURRENT ASSETSDue from subsidiaries Prepayments, deposits and other receivables Equity investments at fair value through profit and loss Cash and bank balances 1,171,041
Total current assets 1,362,793
CURRENT LIABILITIESDue to subsidiaries Other payables and accruals Total current liabilities NET CURRENT ASSETS 1,214,040
TOTAL ASSETS LESS CURRENT LIABILITIES 1,321,138
1,321,138
EQUITYIssued capital 1,112,281
Proposed final dividends 1,321,138
Zhang Baowen
Xu Xiaoyang
Director Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
1. CORPORATE
The Company was incorporated as an exempted company with limited liability in the Cayman Islands on 2 February, 2000 under the Companies Law, Cap. 22 (Law 3 of 1961, as consolidated and revised) of the Cayman Islands. The Company's shares were listed on The Growth Enterprise Market (the "GEM") of The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (the "Stock Exchange") on 29 September, 2000. On approval by the Stock Exchange, the Company's shares were withdrawn from the GEM and were listed on the Main Board on 8 December, 2003.
The head office and principal place of business of the Company in Hong Kong is located at Unit 9, 41st Floor, Office Tower, Convention Plaza, 1 Harbour Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong.
During the year, the Group continued to be principally engaged in the research and development, production and sale of a series of modernised Chinese medicines and chemical medicines.
2.1 BASIS OF PREPARATION
These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards ("HKFRSs") (which include all Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards, Hong Kong Accounting Standards ("HKASs") and Interpretations) issued by the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants, accounting principles generally accepted in Hong Kong and the disclosure requirements of the Hong Kong Companies Ordinance. They have been prepared under the historical cost convention, except for certain buildings and equity investments which have been measured at fair value as further explained in note 2.4. These financial statements are presented in Hong Kong dollars ("HK$") and all values are rounded to the nearest thousand except when otherwise indicated.
Basis of consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as the "Group") for the year ended 31 December, 2009. The results of subsidiaries are consolidated from the date of acquisition, being the date on which the Group obtains control, and continue to be consolidated until the date that such control ceases. All income, expenses and unrealised gains and losses resulting from intercompany transactions and intercompany balances within the Group are eliminated on consolidation in full.
Minority interests represent the interests of outside shareholders not held by the Group in the results and net assets of the Company's subsidiaries. An acquisition of minority interests is accounted for using the entity concept method whereby the difference between the consideration and the book value of the share of the net assets acquired is recognised as an equity transaction.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
2.2 CHANGES IN ACCOUNTING POLICY AND DISCLOSURES
The Group has adopted the following new and revised HKFRSs for the first time for the current year's financial statements.
HKFRS 1 and HKAS 27 Amendments to HKFRS 1 First-time Adoption of Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards and HKAS 27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements-Cost of an Investment in a Subsidiary, Jointly Controlled Entity or Associate HKFRS 2 Amendments Amendments to HKFRS 2 Share-based Payment – Vesting Conditions and Cancellations HKFRS 7 Amendments Amendments to HKFRS 7 Financial Instruments: Disclosures – Improving Disclosures about Financial Instruments HKAS 1 (Revised) Presentation of Financial Statements HKAS 18 Amendment* Amendment to Appendix to HKAS 18 Revenue – Determining whether an entity is acting as a principal or as an agent HKAS 23 (Revised) Borrowing Costs HKAS 32 and HKAS 1 Amendments to HKAS 32 Financial Instruments: Presentation and Presentation of Financial Statements – Puttable Financial Instruments and Obligations Arising on Liquidation HK(IFRIC)-Int 9 and Amendments to HK(IFRIC)-Int 9 Reassessment of Embedded HKAS 39 Amendments Derivatives and HKAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement – Embedded Derivatives HK(IFRIC)-Int 13 Customer Loyalty Programmes HK(IFRIC)-Int 15 Agreements for the Construction of Real Estate HK(IFRIC)-Int 16 Hedges of a Net Investment in a Foreign Operation HK(IFRIC)-Int 18 Transfers of Assets from Customers (adopted from 1 July, 2009) Improvements to HKFRSs Amendments to a number of HKFRSs (October 2008) ** Improvements to HKFRSs 2009 (as issued in May 2009).
The Group adopted all the improvements to HKFRSs issued in October 2008 except for the amendments to HKFRS 5 Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations – Plan to sell the controlling interest in a subsidiary, which is effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 July, 2009.
Other than as further explained below regarding the impact of HKAS 1 (Revised) and HKFRS 8, the adoption of these new and revised HKFRSs has had no significant financial effect on these financial statements.
HKAS 1 (Revised) introduces changes in the presentation and disclosures of financial statements. The revised standard separates owner and non-owner changes in equity. The statement of changes in equity includes only details of transactions with owners, with all non-owner changes in equity presented as a single line. In addition, this standard introduces the statement of comprehensive income, with all items of income and expense recognised in profit or loss, together with all other items of recognised income and expense recognised directly in equity, either in one single statement, or in two linked statements. The Group has elected to present two linked statements.
HKFRS 8, which replaces HKAS 14 "Segment Reporting", specifies how an entity should report information about its operating segments, based on information about the components of the entity that is available to the chief operating decision maker for the purposes of allocating resources to the segments and assessing their performance. The standard also requires the disclosure of information about the products and services provided by the segments, the geographical areas in which the Group operates, and revenue from the Group's major customers. These revised disclosures, including the related revised comparative information, are shown in note 4 to the financial statements.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
2.3 ISSUED BUT NOT YET EFFECTIVE HONG KONG FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS
The Group has not applied the following new and revised HKFRSs, that have been issued but are not yet effective, in these financial statements.
HKFRS 1 (Revised) First--time Adoption of Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards1 HKFRS 1 Amendments Amendments to HKFRS 1 First-time Adoption of Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards – Additional Exemptions for First-time Adopters2 HKFRS 2 Amendments Amendments to HKFRS 2 Share-based Payment – Group Cash-settled Share-based Payment Transactions2 HKFRS 3 (Revised) HKAS 24 (Revised) Related Party Disclosures5 HKAS 27 (Revised) Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements1 HKAS 32 Amendment Amendment to HKAS 32 Financial Instruments: Presentation – Classification of Rights Issues3 HKAS 39 Amendment Amendment to HKAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement – Eligible Hedged Items1 HK(IFRIC)-Int 14 Amendments to HK(IFRIC)-Int 14 Prepayments of a Minimum Funding Requirement5 HK(IFRIC)-Int 17 Distributions of Non-cash Assets to Owners1 HK(IFRIC)-Int 19 Extinguishing Financial Liabilities with Equity Instruments4 Amendments to HKFRS 5 Non-current Assets Held for Sale and HKFRS 5 included Discontinued Operations – Plan to sell the controlling interest in a subsidiary1 Improvements to HKFRSs issued in October 2008HK Interpretation 4 Leases – Determination of the Length of Lease Term in respect of (Revised in December 2009) Hong Kong Land Leases2 Apart from the above, the HKICPA has issued Improvements to HKFRSs 2009 which sets out amendments to a number of HKFRSs primarily with a view to removing inconsistencies and clarifying wording. The amendments to HKFRS 2, HKAS 38, HK(IFRIC)-Int 9 and HK(IFRIC)-Int 16 are effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 July, 2009 while the amendments to HKFRS 5, HKFRS 8, HKAS 1, HKAS 7, HKAS 17, HKAS 36 and HKAS 39 are effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January, 2010 although there are separate transitional provisions for each standard or interpretation.
Effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 July, 2009 Effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January, 2010 Effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 February, 2010 Effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 July, 2010 Effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January, 2011 Effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January, 2013 The Group is in the process of making an assessment of the impact of these new and revised HKFRSs upon initial application. So far, the Group considers that these new and revised HKFRSs are unlikely to have a significant impact on the Group's results of operations and financial position.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
A subsidiary is an entity whose financial and operating policies the Company controls, directly or indirectly, so as to obtain benefits from its activities.
The results of subsidiaries are included in the Company's income statement to the extent of dividends received and receivable. The Company's interests in subsidiaries are stated at cost less any impairment losses.
A joint venture is an entity set up by contractual arrangement, whereby the Group and other parties undertake an economic activity. The joint venture operates as a separate entity in which the Group and the other parties have an interest.
The joint venture agreement between the venturers stipulates the capital contributions of the joint venture parties, the duration of the joint venture and the basis on which the assets are to be realised upon its dissolution. The profits and losses from the joint venture's operations and any distributions of surplus assets are shared by the venturers, either in proportion to their respective capital contributions, or in accordance with the terms of the joint venture agreement.
A joint venture is treated as: a subsidiary, if the Group has unilateral control, directly or indirectly, over the joint venture; (b) a jointly-controlled entity, if the Group does not have unilateral control, but has joint control, directly or indirectly, over the joint venture; an associate, if the Group does not have unilateral or joint control, but holds, directly or indirectly, generally not less than 20% of the joint venture's registered capital and is in a position to exercise significant influence over the joint venture; or (d) an equity investment accounted for in accordance with HKAS 39, if the Group holds, directly or indirectly, less than 20% of the joint venture's registered capital and has neither joint control of, nor is in a position to exercise significant influence over, the joint venture.
A jointly-controlled entity is a joint venture that is subject to joint control, resulting in none of the participating parties having unilateral control over the economic activity of the jointly-controlled entity.
The Group's interests in its jointly-controlled entities are accounted for by the proportionate consolidation method, which involves recognising its share of the jointly-controlled entities' assets, liabilities, income and expenses with similar items in the consolidated financial statements on a line-by-line basis. Unrealised gains and losses resulting from transactions between the Group and its jointly-controlled entities are eliminated to the extent of the Group's interests in the jointly-controlled entities, except where unrealised losses provide evidence of an impairment of the asset transferred.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
An associate is an entity, not being a subsidiary or a jointly-controlled entity, in which the Group has a long term interest of generally not less than 20% of the equity voting rights and over which it is in a position to exercise significant influence.
The Group's interests in associates are stated in the consolidated statement of financial position at the Group's share of net assets under the equity method of accounting, less any impairment losses. The Group's share of the post-acquisition results and reserves of associates is included in the consolidated income statement and consolidated reserves, respectively. Unrealised gains and losses resulting from transactions between the Group and its associates are eliminated to the extent of the Group's interests in the associates, except where unrealised losses provide evidence of an impairment of the asset transferred. Goodwill arising from the acquisition of associates is included as part of the Group's interests in associates and is not individually tested for impairment.
Goodwill arising on the acquisition of subsidiaries, associates and jointly-controlled entities represents the excess of the cost of the business combination over the Group's interest in the net fair value of the acquirees' identifiable assets acquired, and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed as at the date of acquisition.
Goodwill arising on acquisition is recognised in the consolidated statement of financial position as an asset, initially measured at cost and subsequently at cost less any accumulated impairment losses. In the case of associates, goodwill is included in the carrying amount thereof, rather than as a separately identified asset in the consolidated statement of financial position.
The carrying amount of goodwill is reviewed for impairment annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may be impaired. The Group performs its annual impairment test of goodwill as at 31 December. For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill acquired in a business combination is, from the acquisition date, allocated to each of the Group's cash-generating units, or groups of cash-generating units, that are expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination, irrespective of whether other assets or liabilities of the Group are assigned to those units or groups of units.
Impairment is determined by assessing the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit (group of cash-generating units) to which the goodwill relates. Where the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit (group of cash-generating units) is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognised. An impairment loss recognised for goodwill is not reversed in a subsequent period.
Where goodwill forms part of a cash-generating unit (group of cash-generating units) and part of the operation within that unit is disposed of, the goodwill associated with the operation disposed of is included in the carrying amount of the operation when determining the gain or loss on disposal of the operation. Goodwill disposed of in this circumstance is measured based on the relative values of the operation disposed of and the portion of the cash-generating unit retained.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Excess over the cost of business combinations
Any excess of the Group's interest in the net fair value of the acquirees' identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities over the cost of acquisition of subsidiaries, associates and jointly-controlled entities (previously referred to as negative goodwill), after reassessment, is recognised immediately in the income statement.
Impairment of non-financial assets other than goodwill
Where an indication of impairment exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required (other than inventories, deferred tax assets, financial assets and goodwill), the asset's recoverable amount is estimated. An asset's recoverable amount is the higher of the asset's or cash-generating unit's value in use and its fair value less costs to sell, and is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets, in which case the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs.
An impairment loss is recognised only if the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. An impairment loss is charged to the income statement in the period in which it arises, unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the impairment loss is accounted for in accordance with the relevant accounting policy for that revalued asset.
An assessment is made at the end of each reporting period as to whether there is any indication that previously recognised impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such an indication exists, the recoverable amount is estimated. A previously recognised impairment loss of an asset other than goodwill is reversed only if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount of that asset, but not to an amount higher than the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any depreciation/amortisation) had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset in the prior years. A reversal of such an impairment loss is credited to the income statement in the period in which it arises, unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal of the impairment loss is accounted for in accordance with the relevant accounting policy for that revalued asset.
A party is considered to be related to the Group if: the party, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, (i) controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, the Group; (ii) has an interest in the Group that gives it significant influence over the Group; or (iii) has joint control over the Group; the party is an associate; the party is a jointly-controlled entity; the party is a member of the key management personnel of the Group or its parent; the party is a close member of the family of any individual referred to in (a) or (d); or the party is an entity that is controlled, jointly controlled or significantly influenced by or for which significant voting power in such entity resides with, directly or indirectly, any individual referred to in (d) or (e).
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Property, plant and equipment and depreciation
Property, plant and equipment, other than construction in progress, are stated at cost or valuation less accumulated depreciation and any impairment losses. The cost of an item of property, plant and equipment comprises its purchase price and any directly attributable costs of bringing the asset to its working condition and location for its intended use. Expenditure incurred after items of property, plant and equipment have been put into operation, such as repairs and maintenance, is normally charged to the income statement in the period in which it is incurred. In situations where the recognition criteria are satisfied, the expenditure for a major inspection is capitalised in the carrying amount of the asset as a replacement. Where significant parts of property, plant and equipment are required to be replaced at intervals, the Group recognises such parts as individual assets with specific useful lives and depreciation.
Valuations are performed frequently enough to ensure that the fair value of a revalued asset does not differ materially from its carrying amount. Changes in the values of property, plant and equipment are dealt with as movements in the asset revaluation reserve. If the total of this reserve is insufficient to cover a deficit, on an individual asset basis, the excess of the deficit is charged to the income statement. Any subsequent revaluation surplus is credited to the income statement to the extent of the deficit previously charged. On disposal of a revalued asset, the relevant portion of the asset revaluation reserve realised in respect of previous valuations is transferred to retained profits as a movement in reserves.
Depreciation is calculated on the straight-line basis to write off the cost or valuation of each item of property, plant and equipment to its residual value over its estimated useful life. The principal annual rates used for this purpose are as follows: Leasehold improvements Plant and machinery Furniture and fixtures Where parts of an item of property, plant and equipment have different useful lives, the cost or valuation of that item is allocated on a reasonable basis among the parts and each part is depreciated separately.
Residual values, useful lives and the depreciation method are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at least at each financial year end.
An item of property, plant and equipment and any significant part initially recognised is derecognised upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Any gain or loss on disposal or retirement recognised in the income statement in the year the asset is derecognised is the difference between the net sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the relevant asset.
Construction in progress represents factory buildings, plant and machinery and other assets under construction or installation, which is stated at cost less any impairment losses, and is not depreciated. Cost comprises the direct costs of construction, installation and testing during the period of construction. Construction in progress is reclassified to the appropriate category of property, plant and equipment when completed and ready for use.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Intangible assets (other than goodwill)
Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. The cost of intangible assets acquired in a business combination is the fair value as at the date of acquisition. The useful lives of intangible assets are assessed to be finite. Intangible assets with finite lives are subsequently amortised over the useful economic life and assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired. The amortisation period and the amortisation method for an intangible asset with a finite useful life are reviewed at least at each financial year end.
Patents and licences Purchased patents and licences are stated at cost less any impairment losses and are amortised on the straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives of not exceeding ten years.
Research and development costs All research costs are charged to the income statement as incurred.
Expenditure incurred on projects to develop new products is capitalised and deferred only when the Group can demonstrate the technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale, its intention to complete and its ability to use or sell the asset, how the asset will generate future economic benefits, the availability of resources to complete the project and the ability to measure reliably the expenditure during the development. Product development expenditure which does not meet these criteria is expensed when incurred.
Deferred development costs are stated at cost less any impairment losses and are amortised using the straight-line basis over the commercial lives of the underlying products not exceeding five years, commencing from the date when the products are put into commercial production.
Leases where substantially all the rewards and risks of ownership of assets remain with the lessor are accounted for as operating leases. Where the Group is the lessee, rentals payable under the operating leases net of any incentives received from the lessor are charged to the income statement on the straight-line basis over the lease terms.
Prepaid land lease payments under operating leases are initially stated at cost and subsequently recognised on the straight-line basis over the lease terms.
Investments and other financial assets
Initial recognition and measurement Financial assets within the scope of HKAS 39 are classified as financial assets at fair value through profit or loss, loans and receivables, held-to-maturity investments, and available-for-sale financial assets, or as derivatives designated as hedging instruments in an effective hedge, as appropriate. The Group determines the classification of its financial assets at initial recognition. When financial assets are recognised initially, they are measured at fair value, plus, in the case of investments not at fair value through profit or loss, directly attributable transaction costs.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Investments and other financial assets (continued)
Initial recognition and measurement (continued) All regular way purchases and sales of financial assets are recognised on the trade date, that is, the date that the Group commits to purchase or sell the asset. Regular way purchases or sales are purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within the period generally established by regulation or convention in the marketplace.
The Group's financial assets include cash and bank balances, pledged deposits, trade and other receivables, amount due from related companies and available-for-sale investments.
The subsequent measurement of financial assets depends on their classification as follows: Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss include financial assets held for trading and financial assets designated upon initial recognition as at fair value through profit or loss. Financial assets are classified as held for trading if they are acquired for the purpose of sale in the near term. This category includes derivative financial instruments entered into by the Group that are not designated as hedging instruments in hedge relationships as defined by HKAS 39. Derivatives, including separated embedded derivatives, are also classified as held for trading unless they are designated as effective hedging instruments. Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss are carried in the statement of financial position at fair value with changes in fair value recognised in the income statement. These net fair value changes do not include any dividends on these financial assets, which are recognised in accordance with the policy set out for "Revenue recognition" below.
The Group evaluates its financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (held for trading) to assess whether the intent to sell them in the near term is still appropriate. When the Group is unable to trade these financial assets due to inactive markets and management's intent to sell them in the foreseeable future significantly changes, the Group may elect to reclassify these financial assets in rare circumstances. The reclassification from financial assets at fair value through profit or loss to loans and receivables, available-for-sale financial assets or held-to-maturity investments depends on the nature of the assets.
Derivatives embedded in host contracts are accounted for as separate derivatives and recorded at fair value if their economic characteristics and risks are not closely related to those of the host contracts and the host contracts are not held for trading or designated at fair value through profit or loss. These embedded derivatives are measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognised in the income statement. Reassessment only occurs if there is a change in the terms of the contract that significantly modifies the cash flows that would otherwise be required.
Loans and receivables Loans and receivables are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. After initial measurement, such assets are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method less any allowance for impairment. Amortised cost is calculated taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and includes fees or costs that are an integral part of the effective interest rate. The effective interest rate amortisation is included in finance income in the income statement. The loss arising from impairment is recognised in the income statement in other operating expenses.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments and fixed maturity are classified as held-to-maturity when the Group has the positive intention and ability to hold to maturity. Held-to-maturity investments are subsequently measured at amortised cost less any allowance for impairment. Amortised cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the effective interest rate. The effective interest rate amortisation is included in finance income in the income statement. The loss arising from impairment is recognised in finance costs in the income statement.
Available-for-sale financial investments Available-for-sale financial investments are non-derivative financial assets in listed and unlisted equity securities. Equity investments classified as available for sale are those which are neither classified as held for trading nor designated at fair value through profit or loss. Debt securities in this category are those which are intended to be held for an indefinite period of time and which may be sold in response to needs for liquidity or in response to changes in the market conditions.
After initial recognition, available-for-sale financial investments are subsequently measured at fair value, with unrealised gains or losses recognised as other comprehensive income in the available-for-sale investment valuation reserve until the investment is derecognised, at which time the cumulative gain or loss is recognised in the income statement in other income, or until the investment is determined to be impaired, at which time the cumulative gain or loss is recognised in the income statement and removed from the available-for-sale investment valuation reserve. Interest and dividends earned are reported as interest income and dividend income, respectively and are recognised in the income statement as other income in accordance with the policies set out for "Revenue recognition" below.
When the fair value of unlisted equity securities cannot be reliably measured because (a) the variability in the range of reasonable fair value estimates is significant for that investment or (b) the probabilities of the various estimates within the range cannot be reasonably assessed and used in estimating fair value, such securities are stated at cost less any impairment losses.
The Group evaluates its available-for-sale financial assets whether the ability and intention to sell them in the near term are still appropriate. When the Group is unable to trade these financial assets due to inactive markets and management's intent to do so significantly changes in the foreseeable future, the Group may elect to reclassify these financial assets in rare circumstances. Reclassification to loans and receivables is permitted when the financial assets meet the definition of loans and receivables and the Group has the intent and ability to hold these assets for the foreseeable future or to maturity. The reclassification to the held-to-maturity category is permitted only when the entity has the ability and intent to hold until the maturity date of the financial asset.
For a financial asset reclassified out of the available-for-sale category, any previous gain or loss on that asset that has been recognised in equity is amortised to profit or loss over the remaining life of the investment using the effective interest rate. Any difference between the new amortised cost and the expected cash flows is also amortised over the remaining life of the asset using the effective interest rate. If the asset is subsequently determined to be impaired, then the amount recorded in equity is reclassified to the income statement.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Derecognition of financial assets
A financial asset (or, where applicable, a part of a financial asset or part of a group of similar financial assets) is derecognised when: the rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired; the Group has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset, or has assumed an obligation to pay the received cash flows in full without material delay to a third party under a "pass-through" arrangement; either (a) the Group has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, or (b) the Group has neither transferred nor retained substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, but has transferred control of the asset.
When the Group has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from an asset or has entered into a pass-through arrangement, and has neither transferred nor retained substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset nor transferred control of the asset, the asset is recognised to the extent of the Group's continuing involvement in the asset. In that case, the Group also recognises an associated liability. The transferred asset and the associated liability are measured on a basis that reflects the rights and obligations that the Group has retained.
Continuing involvement that takes the form of a guarantee over the transferred asset is measured at the lower of the original carrying amount of the asset and the maximum amount of consideration that the Group could be required to repay.
Impairment of financial assets
The Group assesses at the end of each reporting period whether there is any objective evidence that a financial asset or a group of financial assets is impaired. A financial asset or a group of financial assets is deemed to be impaired if, and only if, there is objective evidence of impairment as a result of one or more events that has occurred after the initial recognition of the asset (an incurred "loss event") and that loss event has an impact on the estimated future cash flows of the financial asset or the group of financial assets that can be reliably estimated. Evidence of impairment may include indications that a debtor or a group of debtors is experiencing significant financial difficulty, default or delinquency in interest or principal payments, the probability that they will enter bankruptcy or other financial reorganisation and observable data indicating that there is a measurable decrease in the estimated future cash flows, such as changes in arrears or economic conditions that correlate with defaults.
Financial assets carried at amortised cost For financial assets carried at amortised cost, the Group first assesses individually whether objective evidence of impairment exists for financial assets that are individually significant, or collectively for financial assets that are not individually significant. If the Group determines that no objective evidence of impairment exists for an individually assessed financial asset, whether significant or not, it includes the asset in a group of financial assets with similar credit risk characteristics and collectively assesses them for impairment. Assets that are individually assessed for impairment and for which an impairment loss is, or continues to be, recognised are not included in a collective assessment of impairment.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Impairment of financial assets (continued)
Financial assets carried at amortised cost (continued) If there is objective evidence that an impairment loss has been incurred, the amount of the loss is measured as the difference between the asset's carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows (excluding future credit losses that have not yet been incurred). The present value of the estimated future cash flows is discounted at the financial asset's original effective interest rate (i.e., the effective interest rate computed at initial recognition). If a loan has a variable interest rate, the discount rate for measuring any impairment loss is the current effective interest rate.
The carrying amount of the asset is reduced through the use of an allowance account and the amount of the loss is recognised in the income statement. Interest income continues to be accrued on the reduced carrying amount and is accrued using the rate of interest used to discount the future cash flows for the purpose of measuring the impairment loss. Loans and receivables together with any associated allowance are written off when there is no realistic prospect of future recovery.
If, in a subsequent period, the amount of the estimated impairment loss increases or decreases because of an event occurring after the impairment was recognised, the previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reduced by adjusting the allowance account. If a future write-off is later recovered, the recovery is credited to the income statement.
Assets carried at cost If there is objective evidence that an impairment loss has been incurred on an unquoted equity instrument that is not carried at fair value because its fair value cannot be reliably measured, the amount of the loss is measured as the difference between the asset's carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows discounted at the current market rate of return for a similar financial asset. Impairment losses on these assets are not reversed.
Available-for-sale financial investments For available-for-sale financial investments, the Group assesses at the end of each reporting period whether there is objective evidence that an investment or a group of investments is impaired.
If an available-for-sale asset is impaired, an amount comprising the difference between its cost (net of any principal payment and amortisation) and its current fair value, less any impairment loss previously recognised in the income statement, is removed from other comprehensive income and recognised in the income statement.
In the case of equity investments classified as available for sale, objective evidence would include a significant or prolonged decline in the fair value of an investment below its cost. The determination of what is "significant" or "prolonged" requires judgement. "Significant" is evaluated against the original cost of the investment and "prolonged" against the period in which the fair value has been below its original cost. Where there is evidence of impairment, the cumulative loss – measured as the difference between the acquisition cost and the current fair value, less any impairment loss on that investment previously recognised in the income statement – is removed from other comprehensive income and recognised in the income statement. Impairment losses on equity instruments classified as available for sale are not reversed through the income statement. Increases in their fair value after impairment are recognised directly in other comprehensive income.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Impairment of financial assets (continued)
Available-for-sale financial investments (continued) In the case of debt instruments classified as available for sale, impairment is assessed based on the same criteria as financial assets carried at amortised cost. However, the amount recorded for impairment is the cumulative loss measured as the difference between the amortised cost and the current fair value, less any impairment loss on that investment previously recognised in the income statement. Future interest income continues to be accrued based on the reduced carrying amount of the asset and is accrued using the rate of interest used to discount the future cash flows for the purpose of measuring the impairment loss. The interest income is recorded as part of finance income. Impairment losses on debt instruments are reversed through the income statement, if the increase in fair value of the instruments can be objectively related to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognised in the income statement.
Initial recognition and measurement Financial liabilities within the scope of HKAS 39 are classified as financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, loans and borrowings, or as derivative designated as hedging instruments in an effective hedge, as appropriate. The Group determines the classification of its financial liabilities at initial recognition.
All financial liabilities are recognised initially at fair value and in the case of loans and borrowings, plus directly attributable transaction costs.
The Group's financial liabilities include trade payables, other payables, deposits received, amounts due to related companies and interest-bearing bank borrowings.
The subsequent measurement of financial liabilities depends on their classification as follows: Financia/ liabilities at fair value through profit or loss Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss includes financial liabilities held for trading and financial liabilities designated upon initial recognition as at fair value through profit or loss.
Financial liabilities are classified as held for trading if they are acquired for the purpose of selling in the near term. This category includes derivative financial instruments entered into by the Group that are not designated as hedging instruments in hedge relationships as defined by HKAS 39. Separated embedded derivatives are also classified as held for trading unless they are designated as effective hedging instruments. Gains or losses on liabilities held for trading are recognised in the income statement. The net fair value gain or loss recognised in the income statement does not include any interest charged on these financial liabilities.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Financial liabilities (continued)
Loans and borrowings After initial recognition, interest-bearing loans and borrowings are subsequently measured at amortised cost, using the effective interest rate method unless the effect of discounting would be immaterial, in which case they are stated at cost. Gains and losses are recognised in the income statement when the liabilities are derecognised as well as through the effective interest rate method amortisation process.
Amortised cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral of the effective interest rate. The effective interest rate amortisation is included in finance costs in the income statement.
Financial guarantee contracts Financial guarantee contracts issued by the Group are those contracts that require a payment to be made to reimburse the holder for a loss it incurs because the specified debtor fails to make a payment when due in accordance with the terms of a debt instrument. A financial guarantee contract is recognised initially as a liability at its fair value, adjusted for transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issuance of the guarantee. Subsequent to initial recognition, the Group measures the financial guarantee contract at the higher of: (i) the amount of the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period; and (ii) the amount initially recognised less, when appropriate, cumulative amortization.
Derecognition of financial liabilities A financial liability is derecognised when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled, or expires.
When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as a derecognition of the original liability and a recognition of a new liability, and the difference between the respective carrying amounts is recognised in the income statement.
Offsetting of financial instruments
Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the statement of financial position if, and only if, there is currently enforceable legal right to offset the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, or to realise the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Fair value of financial instruments
The fair value of financial instruments that are traded in active markets is determined by reference to quoted market prices or dealer price quotations (bid price for long positions and ask price for short positions), without any deduction for transaction costs. For financial instruments where there is no active market, the fair value is determined using appropriate valuation techniques. Such techniques include using recent arm's length market transactions; reference to the current market value of another instrument which is substantially the same; a discounted cash flow analysis; and other valuation models.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined on the weighted average basis and, in the case of work in progress and finished goods, comprises direct materials, direct labour and an appropriate proportion of overheads. Net realisable value is based on estimated selling prices less any estimated costs to be incurred to completion and disposal.
Cash and cash equivalents
For the purpose of the consolidated statements of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand and demand deposits, and short term highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash, are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value, and have a short maturity of generally within three months when acquired.
For the purpose of the statements of financial position, cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand and at banks, including term deposits, which are not restricted as to use.
A provision is recognised when there is a present obligation (legal or constructive) has arisen as a result of a past event and it is probable that a future outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, provided that a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.
When the effect of discounting is material, the amount recognised for a provision is the present value at the end of the reporting period of the future expenditures expected to be required to settle the obligation. The increase in the discounted present value amount arising from the passage of time is included in finance costs in the income statement.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Income tax
Income tax comprises current and deferred tax. Income tax relating to items recognised outside profit or loss is recognised outside profit or loss, either in other comprehensive income or directly in equity.
Current tax assets and liabilities for the current and prior periods are measured at the amount expected to be recovered from or paid to the taxation authorities, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period, taking into consideration interpretations and practices prevailing in the countries in which the Group operates.
Deferred tax is provided, using the liability method, on all temporary differences at the end of the reporting period between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes.
Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable temporary differences, except: where the deferred tax liability arises from the initial recognition of goodwill or an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and, at the time of the transaction, affects neither the accounting profit nor taxable profit or loss; and in respect of taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, associates and interests in joint ventures, where the timing of the reversal of the temporary differences can be controlled and it is probable that the temporary differences will not reverse in the foreseeable future.
Deferred tax assets are recognised for all deductible temporary differences, carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses, to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilised, except: where the deferred tax asset relating to the deductible temporary differences arises from the initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and, at the time of the transaction, affects neither the accounting profit nor taxable profit or loss; and in respect of deductible temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, associates and interests in joint ventures, deferred tax assets are only recognised to the extent that it is probable that the temporary differences will reverse in the foreseeable future and taxable profit will be available against which the temporary differences can be utilised.
The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at the end of each reporting period and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilised. Unrecognised deferred tax assets are reassessed at the end of each reporting period and are recognised to the extent that it has become probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be recovered.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.
Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Government grants are recognised at their fair value where there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. When the grant relates to an expense item, it is recognised as income over the periods necessary to match the grant on a systematic basis to the costs that it is intended to compensate. Where the grant relates to an asset, the fair value is deducted from the carrying amount of the asset and released to the income statement by way of a reduced depreciation charge.
Revenue is recognised when it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Group and when the revenue can be measured reliably, on the following bases: (a) from the sale of goods, when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer, provided that the Group maintains neither managerial involvement to the degree usually associated with ownership, nor effective control over the goods sold; (b) interest income, on an accrual basis using the effective interest method by applying the rate that discounts the estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial instrument to the net carrying amount of the financial asset; and dividend income, when the shareholders' right to receive payment has been established.
Share-based payment transactions The Company operates a share option scheme for the purpose of providing incentives and rewards to eligible participants who contribute to the success of the Group's operations. Employees (including directors) of the Group receive remuneration in the form of share-based payment transactions, whereby employees render services as consideration for equity instruments ("equity-settled transactions").
The cost of equity-settled transactions with employees for grants after 7 November, 2002 is measured by reference to the fair value at the date at which they are granted. The fair value is determined using a binomial model.
The cost of equity-settled transactions is recognised, together with a corresponding increase in equity, over the period in which the performance and/or service conditions are fulfilled. The cumulative expense recognised for equity-settled transactions at the end of each reporting period until the vesting date reflects the extent to which the vesting period has expired and the Group's best estimate of the number of equity instruments that will ultimately vest. The charge or credit to the income statement for a period represents the movement in the cumulative expense recognised as at the beginning and end of that period.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Employee benefits (continued)
Share-based payment transactions (continued) No expense is recognised for awards that do not ultimately vest, except for awards where vesting is conditional upon a market or non-vesting condition, which are treated as vesting irrespective of whether or not the market or non-vesting condition is satisfied, provided that all other performance and/or service conditions are satisfied.
Where the terms of an equity-settled award are modified, as a minimum an expense is recognised as if the terms had not been modified, if the original terms of the award are met. In addition, an expense is recognised for any modification, that increases the total fair value of the share-based payment transaction, or is otherwise beneficial to the employee as measured at the date of modification.
Where an equity-settled award is cancelled, it is treated as if it had vested on the date of cancellation, and any expense not yet recognised for the award is recognised immediately. This includes any award where non-vesting conditions within the control of either the Group or the employee are not met. However, if a new award is substituted for the cancelled award, and is designated as a replacement award on the date that it is granted, the cancelled and new awards are treated as if they were a modification of the original award, as described in the previous paragraph. All cancellations of equity-settled transaction awards are treated equally.
Pension schemes The Company and the Group's subsidiaries which operate in Hong Kong operate a defined contribution Mandatory Provident Fund retirement benefit scheme (the "MPF Scheme") under the Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes Ordinance, for those employees who are eligible to participate in the MPF Scheme. Contributions are made based on a percentage of the employees' basic salaries and are charged to the income statement as they become payable in accordance with the rules of the MPF Scheme. The assets of the MPF Scheme are held separately from those of the Group in an independently administered fund. The Group's employer contributions vest fully with the employees when contributed into the MPF Scheme.
The employees of the Group's subsidiaries and jointly-controlled entity which operate in Mainland China are required to participate in a central pension scheme operated by the local municipal government. The subsidiaries and jointly controlled entity are required to contribute 20-23% of its payroll costs to the central pension scheme. The contributions are charged to the income statement as they become payable in accordance with the rules of the central pension scheme.
Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, i.e. assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are capitalised as part of the cost of those assets. The capitalisation of such borrowing costs ceases when the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. Investment income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs capitalised. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they are incurred. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
2.4 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)
Final dividends proposed by the directors are classified as a separate allocation of retained profits within the equity section of the statement of financial position, until they have been approved by the shareholders in a general meeting. When these dividends have been approved by the shareholders and declared, they are recognised as a liability.
Interim dividends are simultaneously proposed and declared, because the Company's memorandum and articles of association grant the directors the authority to declare interim dividends. Consequently, interim dividends are recognised immediately as a liability when they are proposed and declared.
These financial statements are presented in Hong Kong dollars, which is the Company's functional and presentation currency. Each entity in the Group determines its own functional currency and items included in the financial statements of each entity are measured using that functional currency. Foreign currency transactions recorded by the entities in the Group are initially recorded using their respective functional currency rates ruling at the dates of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the functional currency rates of exchange ruling at the end of the reporting period. All differences are taken to the income statement. Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the dates of the initial transactions. Non-monetary items measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value was determined.
The functional currencies of certain overseas subsidiaries and jointly-controlled entity are currencies other than the Hong Kong dollar. As at the end of the reporting period, the assets and liabilities of these entities are translated into the presentation currency of the Company at the exchange rates ruling at the end of the reporting period and their income statements are translated into Hong Kong dollars at the weighted average exchange rates for the year. The resulting exchange differences are recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in the exchange fluctuation reserve. On disposal of a foreign operation, the component of other comprehensive income relating to that particular foreign operation is recognised in the income statement.
For the purpose of the consolidated statement of cash flows, the cash flows of overseas subsidiaries and jointly-controlled entity are translated into Hong Kong dollars at the exchange rates ruling at the dates of the cash flows. Frequently recurring cash flows of overseas subsidiaries and jointly-controlled entity which arise throughout the year are translated into Hong Kong dollars at the weighted average exchange rates for the year.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING JUDGEMENTS AND ESTIMATES
The preparation of the Group's financial statements requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. However, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that could require a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of the assets or liabilities affected in the future.
In the process of applying the Group's accounting policies, management has made the following judgement, apart from those involving estimations, which have the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the financial statements: Recognition of deferred tax assets The Group recognised deferred tax assets which resulted from the deductible temporary differences of subsidiaries. The Group considers that the deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that the subsidiaries will have sufficient taxable profit relating to the same taxation authority and the same taxable entity against which the deductible temporary differences can be utilised. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets at 31 December, 2009 was HK$41,932,000 (2008: HK$17,076,000). More details are given in note 31.
The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the end of the reporting period, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, are discussed below.
Impairment of goodwill The Group determines whether goodwill is impaired on an annual basis. This requires an estimation of the value in use of the cash-generating units to which the goodwill is allocated. Estimating the value in use requires the Group to make an estimate of the expected future cash flows from the cash-generating unit and also to choose a suitable discount rate in order to calculate the present value of those cash flows. The carrying amount of goodwill at 31 December, 2009 was HK$47,684,000 (2008: HK$47,684,000). More details are given in note 16.
Development costs Development costs are capitalised in accordance with the accounting policy for research and development costs in note 2.4 to the financial statements. Determining the amounts to be capitalised requires management to make assumptions regarding the expected future cash generation of the assets, discount rates to be applied and the expected period of benefits. At 31 December, 2009, the best estimate of the carrying amount of capitalised development costs was HK$48,671,000 (2008: HK$35,955,000).
Assessment of useful lives of deferred development costs In assessing the estimated useful lives of deferred development costs, the Group takes into account factors such as the expected life span of the underlying pharmaceutical products based on past experience or from a change in the market demand for the products. The estimation of the useful lives is based on the experience of management.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
OPERATING SEGMENT INFORMATION
For management purposes, the Group is organised into business units based on their products and services and has three reportable segments as follows: the modernised Chinese medicines and chemical medicines segment comprises the manufacture, sale and distribution of the modernised Chinese medicine products and western medicine products; the investment segment is engaged in long term investment; and the "others" segment comprises, principally, the Group's research and development sector which provides services to third-party.
Management monitors the results of its operating segments separately for the purpose of making decisions about resources allocation and performance assessment. Segment performance is evaluated based on reportable segment profit/(loss), which is a measure of adjusted profit/(loss) before tax from continuing operations.
Segment assets exclude deferred tax assets and interest in an associate as these assets are managed on a group basis.
Segment liabilities exclude tax payable and deferred tax liabilities as these liabilities are managed on a group basis.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
OPERATING SEGMENT INFORMATION (continued)
and chemical
Year ended 31 December, 2009
medicines Investment
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
Segment revenue:
Sales to external customers
3,231,327 –
– 8,674
– 8,674
3,231,327 8,674 3,648
Segment results
853,535 14,353 (14,920)
Reconciliation:Interest and unallocated gains Share of profit of an associate Unallocated expenses Profit before tax Profit for the year
Assets and liabilities
Segment assets
3,664,865 38,717 41,749
Reconciliation:Interest in an associate Other unallocated assets Total assets
Segment liabilities 663,296 –
Reconciliation:Other unallocated liabilities Total liabilities
Other segment information:
Depreciation and amortisation
59,822 –
Capital expenditure 352,096 –
Other non-cash expenses 7,537 – –
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
OPERATING SEGMENT INFORMATION (continued)
Modernised Chinese medicines and Year ended 31 December, 2008 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 Segment revenue:
Sales to external customers
Total 2,272,015
Segment results 575,665
Reconciliation:Interest and unallocated gains Profit before tax Profit for the year
Assets and liabilities
Segment
3,212,839 39,450 11,686 Reconciliation:Other unallocated assets Total assets
Segment liabilities Reconciliation:Other unallocated liabilities Total liabilities
Other segment information:
Depreciation and amortisation
Capital expenditure Other non-cash expenses No further geographical segment information is presented as over 90% of the Group's revenue is derived from customers based in Mainland China, and over 90% of the Group's assets are located in Mainland China.
No information about a major customer is presented as no single customer contributed to over 10% of the Group's revenue for the year ended 31 December, 2008 and 2009. Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
REVENUE, OTHER INCOME AND GAINS
Revenue, which is also the Group's turnover, represents the net invoiced value of goods sold, after allowances for returns and trade discounts, and dividend income from an unlisted investment.
An analysis of revenue, other income and gains is as follows: Revenue
Sale of goods
3,234,975
3,243,649
Other income
Bank interest income
Government grants* Sale of scrap materials Revaluation surplus of property, plant and equipment Gains
Fair value gains, net
Equity investments at fair value through profit or loss
– held for trading
– transaction not qualifying as hedges Gain on disposal of items of property, plant and equipment Gain on disposal of available-for-sale investments Total other income and gains Various government grants have been received for setting up research activities in Mainland China. Government grants received for which related expenditure has not yet been undertaken are included in deferred income in the statement of financial position. There are no unfulfilled conditions or contingencies relating to these grants.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
PROFIT BEFORE TAX
The Group's profit before tax is arrived at after charging/(crediting): Cost of inventories sold Recognition of prepaid land lease payments Amortisation of other intangible assets* Write off of other intangible assets* Research and development costs Impairment of available-for-sale investments (after a transfer from the available-for-sale investment revaluation reserve of a deficit of HK$9,979,000)Revaluation (surplus)/deficit of property, plant and equipment Loss/(gain) of disposal of property, plant and equipment Minimum lease payments under operating leases:Land and buildings Auditors' remuneration Employee benefit expense (including directors' remuneration (note 8)): Wages and salaries Pension scheme contributions ** Impairment losses of trade receivables recognised/(reversed) Foreign exchange differences, net The amortisation of patents and licences and deferred development costs for the year are included in "Cost of sales" and "Other expenses" respectively on the face of the consolidated income statement.
During the year, certain of the subsidiaries in Mainland China were members of pension contribution schemes managed by the respective local governments. Contributions made during the year were based on 20%-23% (2008: 20%-23%) of the employees' salaries and were charged to the consolidated income statement, as they became payable.
For Hong Kong employees eligible for the MPF Scheme, the Group contributed 5% of the employees' salaries for the year ended 31 December, 2009 (2008: 5%).
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
7. FINANCE
An analysis of finance costs is as follows: Interest on bank borrowings wholly repayable within five years 8. DIRECTORS'
Directors' remuneration for the year, disclosed pursuant to the Listing Rules and Section 161 of the Hong Kong Companies Ordinance, is as follows: Other emoluments: Salaries, allowances and benefits in kind Pension scheme contributions (a) Independent non-executive directors
The fees paid to independent non-executive directors during the year were as follows: There was no arrangement under which a director waived or agreed to waive any remuneration during the year.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
DIRECTORS' REMUNERATION (continued)
(b) Executive
Salaries,
allowances
Employee Pension
and benefits Discretionary share option
kind bonuses benefits
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
Executive directors:Mr. Tse Ping – 5,460 8,000
12 13,472
Mr. Zhang Baowen 1,715 – – 49
– 255 255 – 23 533
975 – – 12
Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling – 1,300 500
1,955 – – –
1,008 – – –
– 12,668 8,755
108 21,531
Executive directors:Mr. Tse Ping Mr. Zhang Baowen Ms. Cheng Cheung Ling 1,008 – – – Mr. Xu Xiaoyang was appointed as an executive director on 31 March, 2009.
There was no arrangement under which a director waived or agreed to waive any remuneration during the year.
The Group's key management personnel comprises solely of the directors.
FIVE HIGHEST PAID EMPLOYEES
The five highest paid employees during the year included five (2008: five) directors, details of whose remuneration are set out in note 8 above.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
10. INCOME
Hong Kong profits tax has been provided at a rate of 16.5% (2008: 16.5%) on the estimated assessable profits arising in Hong Kong during the year. Taxes on profits assessable elsewhere have been calculated at the rates of tax prevailing in the countries in which the Group operates.
Group: Current – Hong Kong Current – Mainland China income tax (note 31) Total tax charge for the year Jiangsu Chia Tai-Tianqing Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Beijing Tide Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. and Qingdao Chia Tai Haier Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. were subject to a corporate income tax rate of 15% for three years successively from 2008 because they qualified as a "High and New Technology Enterprise".
Nanjing Chia Tai Tianqing Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. ("NJCTT") was subject to a preferential income tax rate of 15% for three years from 2009 onwards because it was qualified as a "High and New Technology Enterprise". In addition, pursuant to the transition provisions of the New CIT tax law, NJCTT is entitled to a tax concession period between 2006 to 2010, NJCTT is entitled to a 50% tax exemption on corporate income tax rate in 2009. Hence, NJCTT is subject to a corporate income tax rate of 10% in 2009 (being the lower of 10% (due to a 50% tax exemption) and the preferential tax rate of 15%).
Jiangsu Chia Tai Fenghai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd ("Fenghai") was subject to a preferential income tax rate of 15% for three years from 2008 onwards because it was qualified as a "High and New Technology Enterprise". In addition, pursuant to the transition provisions of the New CIT tax law, Fenghai is entitled to 50% tax exemption in 2009 (being its fifth tax profit making year). Fenghai is subject to a corporate income tax rate of 12.5% in 2009 (being the lower of 12.5% (due to a 50% tax exemption) and the preferential tax rate of 15%).
Other than the above mentioned entities, the other entities located in PRC are subject to a corporate income tax rate of 25% in 2009.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
10. INCOME TAX (continued)
A reconciliation of the tax expense applicable to profit before tax using the statutory rates for the countries in which the Company and its subsidiaries and jointly-controlled entity are domiciled to the tax expense at the effective tax rates are as follows: Group – 2009
Mainland China
Hong Kong
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
Profit/(loss) before tax 883,917 (84,442)
Tax at the statutory tax rate 220,979 (13,932)
Less: preferential tax rate reduction (96,148) –
Income not subject to tax (6,176) (3,684) (9,860)
Expenses not deductible for tax 3,623 18,131 21,754
Tax losses not recognised Tax losses utilised from previous periods (749) –
Additional tax deduction (8,943) –
Effect of withholding tax at 5% on the distributable profits of the Group's PRC subsidiaries – 21,906 21,906
Tax charge at the Group's effective rate 112,604 22,424
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 Profit/(loss) before tax Tax at the statutory tax rate Less: preferential tax rate reduction Income not subject to tax Expenses not deductible for tax Tax losses not recognised Additional tax deduction Effect of withholding tax at 5% on the distributable profits of the Group's PRC subsidiaries Tax charge at the Group's effective rate 11. PROFIT FROM ORDINARY ACTIVITIES ATTRIBUTABLE TO EQUITY HOLDERS OF THE
The profit from ordinary activities attributable to equity holders of the parent for the year ended 31 December, 2009 includes a loss of HK$78,929,000 (2008: profit of HK$44,268,000) (note 34(b)) which has been dealt with in the financial statements of the Company.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
Interim – HK$0.045 (HK$0.028 after consideration of bonus share issue) (2008: HK$0.04 (HK$0.02 after consideration of bonus share issue)) per ordinary share Proposed final – HK$0.02 (2008: HK$0.02) per ordinary share The proposed final dividend for the year is subject to the approval of the Company's shareholders at the forthcoming annual general meeting.
13. EARNINGS PER SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO ORDINARY EQUITY HOLDERS OF THE
The calculation of basic earnings per share amounts is based on the profit for the year attributable to ordinary equity holders of the parent for the year of HK$396,962,000 (2008: HK$297,615,000), and the weighted average number of ordinary shares of 4,527,937,473 (2008: 4,527,937,473) in issue during the year, as adjusted to reflect the bonus share issued during the year.
Diluted earnings per share amounts for the years ended 31 December, 2009 and 2008 have not been disclosed as no diluting events existed during these years.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
14. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Leasehold
Plant and
Motor Furniture and Construction
Buildings improvements
machinery
vehicles
fixtures in
progress
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
31 December, 2009
At 1 January, 2009: Cost or valuation 224,619 7,819 236,885 41,728 56,496 180,133 747,680
– (7,819) (100,788) (20,983) (33,988)
Net carrying amount – 136,097 20,745 22,508 180,133 584,102
At 1 January, 2009, net of accumulated depreciation – 136,097 20,745 22,508 180,133 584,102
– 31,093 28,588 24,560 255,593 340,394
Depreciation provided during the year (16,441)
– (25,497) (7,604) (8,835)
– (58,377)
Surplus on revaluation 39,089 – – – – –
– (8,567) (508) (802)
– (9,877)
200,726 –
88,361 –
Exchange realignment (13) – (18) (6) (5) – (42)
At 31 December, 2009, net of accumulated depreciation – 221,469 41,215 42,438 141,627 895,289
At 31 December, 2009: Cost or valuation 448,540 7,819 340,664 65,968 80,990 141,627
– (7,819) (119,195) (24,753) (38,552)
Net carrying amount – 221,469 41,215 42,438 141,627 895,289
Analysis of cost or valuation: At – 7,819 340,664 65,968 80,990 141,627 637,068
448,540 – – – – –
448,540 7,819 340,664 65,968 80,990 141,627
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
14. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT (continued)
Motor Furniture and HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 31 December, 2008 At 1 January, 2008: 165,065 7,575 155,813 29,578 48,195 47,472 453,698 – (7,575) (63,109) (16,465) (27,149) – 92,704 13,113 21,046 47,472 339,400 At 1 January, 2008, net of accumulated – 92,704 13,113 21,046 47,472 339,400 – 21,176 10,287 9,419 149,458 191,058 Depreciation provided during the year 1,484 – – – – – Acquisition of a subsidiary – 6,288 746 1,339 2,875 19,156 At 31 December, 2008, net of accumulated – 136,097 20,745 22,508 180,133 584,102 At 31 December, 2008: 224,619 7,819 236,885 41,728 56,496 180,133 747,680 – (7,819) (100,788) (20,983) (33,988) – 136,097 20,745 22,508 180,133 584,102 Analysis of cost or valuation: – 7,819 236,885 41,728 56,496 180,133 523,061 224,619 – – – – – 224,619 7,819 236,885 41,728 56,496 180,133 747,680 Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
14. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT (continued)
Buildings vehicles
fixtures
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
31 December, 2009
At 1 January, 2009: Cost 1,411 8,134 4,230
– (5,622) (2,986) (8,608)
Net carrying amount 1,411 2,512 1,244 5,167
At 1 January, 2009, net of accumulated 1,411 2,512 1,244 5,167
– 1,707 234 1,941
Depreciation provided during the (26) (987) (534)
Surplus on revaluation 26 – –
Exchange realignment – (3) (5) (8)
At 31 December, 2009, net of accumulated 1,411 3,229 939 5,579
At 31 December, 2009: Cost or valuation 1,411 9,842 4,460
– (6,613) (3,521)
Net carrying amount 1,411 3,229 939 5,579
Analysis of cost or valuation: At – 9,842 4,460
1,411 – –
1,411 9,842 4,460
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
14. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT (continued)
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 31 December, 2008 At 1 January, 2008: 1,595 7,361 3,376 – (4,182) (2,034) (6,216) 1,595 3,179 1,342 6,116 At 1 January, 2008, net of 1,595 3,179 1,342 6,116 Depreciation provided during (26) (1,341) (910) (2,277) Deficit on revaluation At 31 December, 2008, net of 1,411 2,512 1,244 5,167 At 31 December, 2008: Cost or valuation – (5,622) (2,986) (8,608) 1,411 2,512 1,244 5,167 Analysis of cost or valuation: 1,411 8,134 4,230 The Group's buildings are all situated in Mainland China and are held under medium term leases.
The Group's buildings as at 31 December, 2009 were revalued as at that date by DTZ Debenham Tie Leung Limited, independent professionally qualified valuers at an aggregate open market value of HK$448,540,000 (2008: HK$224,619,000) based on their existing use. The revaluation resulted in a surplus of HK$39,089,000 (2008: HK$2,510,000) and a nil deficit (2008: HK$1,026,000). The Group has credited HK$17,221,000 (2008: a credit of HK$1,793,000) to the revaluation reserve in the current year. The Group has credited HK$1,008,000 to the income statement in the current year (2008: charge of HK$1,026,000).
Had the buildings been carried at historical cost less accumulated depreciation, their carrying value would have been approximately HK$367,602,000 (2008: HK$182,770,000).
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
15. PREPAID LAND LEASE PAYMENTS
Carrying amount at 1 January Acquisition of a subsidiary Additions during the year Recognised during the year Exchange realignment Carrying amount at 31 December Current portion included in prepayments, deposits and other receivables Non-current portion The prepaid land lease payments for land use rights are held under medium term leases and the parcels of land are situated in Mainland China.
16. GOODWILL
31 December, 2009
Cost and carrying amount at 1 January, 2009 and 31 December, 2009 31 December, 2008 Cost and carrying amount at 1 January, 2008 Acquisition of subsidiaries Exchange realignment Cost and carrying amount at 31 December, 2008 Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
16. GOODWILL
Impairment testing of goodwill
The Group tests goodwill annually for impairment, or more frequently if there are indications that goodwill might be impaired.
The carrying amount of goodwill of the Group is related to six different cash-generating units ("CGUs"), namely Beijing Tide, a jointly-controlled entity and five subsidiaries of the Group. Approximately 78% of the carrying amount of goodwill arose from the acquisition of equity interests in Beijing Tide in the previous years.
The recoverable amount of the goodwill attributable to the acquisition of equity interests in these CGUs is determined from a value in use calculation using cash flow forecasts based on financial budgets. The key assumptions for the value in use calculations are those regarding the discount rates, growth rates and expected changes to selling prices and direct costs during the period. The directors estimate discount rates using pre-tax rates that reflect current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to these CGUs. The growth rates are based on industry growth forecasts. Changes in selling prices and direct costs are based on past practices and expectations of future changes in the market.
The Group prepares cash flow forecasts derived from the most recent financial budgets approved by the directors for 2009 and extrapolates cash flows for the following five years based on an estimated average industry growth rate. The rate does not exceed the average long term growth rate for the relevant markets.
Based on the above, the directors consider that there is no impairment of goodwill.
17. OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Deferred
and licences
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
31 December, 2009
Cost: At 1 January, 2009 12,432 36,455 48,887
80 13,619 13,699
Written off during the year – (598) (598)
– – –
At 31 December, 2009 12,512 49,476 61,988
Accumulated amortisation: At 1 January, 2009 4,567 500
Provided during the year 1,580 304
At 31 December, 2009 6,149 805
Net carrying amount 6,363 48,671 55,034
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
17. OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS (continued)
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 31 December, 2008 Cost: At 1 January, 2008 5,701 13,998 19,699 Written off during the year At 31 December, 2008 Accumulated amortisation: At 1 January, 2008 Provided during the year At 31 December, 2008 Net carrying amount 18. INTERESTS IN SUBSIDIARIES
Unlisted shares, at cost Due from subsidiaries Due to subsidiaries (124,019)
Impairment during the year The amounts due from/(to) subsidiaries included in the Company's current assets and current liabilities are unsecured, interest-free and have no fixed terms of repayment. The carrying amounts of the amount due from/(to) subsidiaries approximates to their fair values.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
18. INTERESTS IN SUBSIDIARIES (continued)
Particulars of the subsidiaries are as follows: Paid-up/
Percentage of equity
registration and
registered
attributable to the Company
Company name
operations
Indirect
Beijing Chia Tai Green Continent Co., Ltd. ("CTGC") Chia Tai Healthcare China Biotech & Drug Development Limited Jiangsu Chia Tai PRC/ RMB203,730,000 Co., Ltd. ("JCTT") Magnificent Technology Nanjing Chia Tai Lianyungang Chia Tai Tianqing Medicine Co., Ltd. ("Tianqing") Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
18. INTERESTS IN SUBSIDIARIES (continued)
Particulars of the subsidiaries are as follows (continued): Paid-up/
Percentage of equity
registration and
registered
attributable to the Company
Company name
operations
Indirect
Chia Tai Refined Evon Industries Limited Sino Biopharmaceutical (Tianjin) Co., Ltd. Lianyungang PRC/ Chia Tai Hualing Beijing Chia Tai Green Continent Medicines Co., Ltd. Jiangsu Chia Tai Jiangsu Chia Tai Co., Ltd. ("Fenghai") Chia Tai Wing Fuk Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
18. INTERESTS IN SUBSIDIARIES (continued)
Particulars of the subsidiaries are as follows (continued): Paid-up/
Percentage of equity
registration and
registered
attributable to the Company
Company name
operations
Indirect
Qingdao Chia Tai Haier Pharmaceutical Qingdao Heng Seng Jiangsu Chia Tai Fenghai Medicine Sino Biopharmaceutical Chia Tai Pharmaceutical On 31 December, 2009, Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited disposed of its wholly-owned subsidiaries Sino Biopharmaceutical (Beijing) Limited (BVI), Talent Forward Limited (BVI) and Chia Tai Pharmaceutical (Lianyungang) Company Limited (BVI) at a consideration equivalent to the carrying value of these subsidiaries as at the date of disposal.
On 26 October, 2009, Fenghai, through the injection of RMB20,000,000 as paid-up capital, established a wholly-owned subsidiary, Jiangsu Chia Tai Fenghai Medicine Company Limited.
Pursuant to the resolution of a Board meeting held on 23 November, 2009, JCTT had decided to establish a wholly-owned subsidiary Jiangsu Runzi Investment Co., Ltd with a capital injection of RMB10,000,000. As at 31 December, 2009, the formation of the company is still pending the formal approval of the relevant government authorities.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
19. INTEREST IN A JOINTLY-CONTROLLED ENTITY
The interest in a jointly-controlled entity, Beijing Tide is indirectly held by the Company, in which the Group holds a 35% equity interest therein. Beijing Tide is registered in the PRC with a registered capital of RMB65,509,000. The Group's percentage of voting power and percentage of profit sharing is equivalent to its equity interest. The principal activities of Beijing Tide are the manufacture and sale of pharmaceutical products.
The following table illustrates the summarised financial information of the Group's jointly-controlled entity: Share of the jointly-controlled entity's assets and liabilities: Non-current assets Current liabilities (18,489)
Share of the jointly-controlled entity's results: (151,887)
(28,879)
Profit after tax 20. INVESTMENT IN AN ASSOCIATE
Share of net assets Investment in an associate as at 31 December, 2009 represented the Group's equity interests in LTT Bio-Pharma Co., Ltd. The Group's share of profit of an associate for the year was HK$929,000.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
20. INVESTMENT IN AN ASSOCIATE (continued)
Particulars of the principal associate are as follows: Percentage
Particulars
issued shares held
to the Group
Manufacture and sale of pharmaceutical Not audited by Ernst & Young Hong Kong or other member firm of the Ernst & Young global network.
The following table illustrates the summarised financial information of the Group's associate extracted from its management accounts: Profit after tax 21. AVAILABLE-FOR-SALE
Listed equity investments, at fair value: Hong Unlisted equity investments, at cost During the year, the gross gain in respect of the Group's available-for-sale investments recognised in income statement amounted to HK$793,000 (2008: gross loss of HK$22,522,000, which included a transfer from the available-for-sale investment revaluation reserve of HK$9,979,000).
The unlisted equity investments comprised the Group's 5% equity investment in Chia Tai Qingchunbao Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., which is engaged in the manufacture, distribution and sale of pharmaceutical products primarily made from natural herbal ingredients in Mainland China.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
21. AVAILABLE-FOR-SALE INVESTMENTS (continued)
The unlisted equity investments are stated at cost less any impairment losses, rather than at fair value. The directors considered that the fair value of unlisted equity investments cannot be reliably measured because (i) the variability in the range of reasonable fair value estimates is significant for that investment; or (ii) the probabilities of the various estimates within the range cannot be reasonably assessed and used in estimating the fair value. Accordingly, such equity investments are stated at cost less any impairment losses.
Work in progress Spare parts and consumables 23. TRADE
Trade receivables The Group's trading terms with its customers are mainly on credit, except for new customers, where payment in advance is normally required. The credit period ranges from 60 days to 180 days. The Group seeks to maintain strict control over its outstanding receivables and has a credit control department to minimise credit risk. Overdue balances are reviewed regularly by senior management. In view of the aforementioned and the fact that the Group's trade receivables relate to a large number of diversified customers, there is no significant concentration of credit risk. Trade receivables are non-interest-bearing.
An aged analysis of the Group's trade receivables as at end of the reporting period, based on the invoice date and net of provisions, is as follows: Current to 90 days 91 days to 180 days Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
23. TRADE RECEIVABLES (continued)
The movements in provision for impairment of trade receivables are as follows: Impairment losses recognised/(reversed) (note 6) Amount written off as uncollectible Exchange realignment The aged analysis of the trade receivables that are not considered to be impaired is as follows: Neither past due nor impaired Less than 30 days past due Between 31 to 90 days past due Between 91 to 180 days past due Between 181 days to 365 days past due Receivables that were neither past due nor impaired relate to a large number of diversified customers for whom there was no recent history of default.
Receivables that were past due but not impaired relate to a number of independent customers that have a good track record with the Group. Based on past experience, the directors of the Company are of the opinion that no provision for impairment is necessary in respect of these balances as there has not been a significant change in credit quality and the balances are still considered fully recoverable. The Group does not hold any collateral or other credit enhancements over these balances.
The carrying amount of the trade receivables approximates to their fair value due to their relatively short maturity term.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
24. PREPAYMENTS, DEPOSITS AND OTHER RECEIVABLES
Other receivables Prepaid expenses Current portion of prepaid land lease payments The carrying amounts of the prepayments, other receivables and prepaid expenses approximate to their fair values due to their relatively short maturity term.
None of the above assets is either past due or impaired. The financial assets included in the above balances relate to receivables for which there was no recent history of default.
25. EQUITY INVESTMENTS AT FAIR VALUE THROUGH PROFIT OR LOSS
Listed equity investments, at market value: Hong The above equity investments at 31 December, 2009 were classified as held for trading.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
26. CASH AND BANK BALANCES
Cash and bank balances, unrestricted Time deposits with original maturity of less than three months 1,330,438
1,145,706
Time deposits with original maturity of more than three months Cash and bank balances 1,827,313
1,171,041
At the end of the reporting period, the cash and bank balances and time deposits of the Group denominated in Renminbi ("RMB") amounted to HK$626,656,000 (2008: HK$427,089,000). The RMB is not freely convertible into other currencies. However, under Mainland China's Foreign Exchange Control Regulations and Administration of Settlement, Sale and Payment of Foreign Exchange Regulations, the Group is permitted to exchange RMB for other currencies through banks authorised to conduct foreign exchange business.
Cash at banks earns interest at floating rates based on daily bank deposit rates. Short term time deposits are made for varying periods of between one day and twelve months depending on the immediate cash requirements of the Group, and earn interest at the respective short term time deposit rates. The bank balances and time deposits are deposited with creditworthy banks with no recent history of default. The carrying amounts of the cash and cash equivalents approximate to their fair values.
27. TRADE
An aged analysis of the Group's trade payables as at the end of the reporting period, based on the invoice date, is as follows: Current to 90 days 91 days to 180 days Trade payables are non-interest-bearing and are normally settled on 90-day terms. The carrying amounts of the trade payables approximate to their fair values due to their relatively short maturity term.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
28. OTHER PAYABLES AND ACCRUALS
Advances from customers Accrued payroll and bonuses Accrued expenses Staff welfare and bonus fund Tax payable other than profits tax Other payables are non-interest-bearing and have an average term of three months. The carrying amounts of the other payables and accruals approximate to their fair values due to their relatively short maturity term.
29. INTEREST-BEARING BANK BORROWINGS
2009 2008
Effective
interest
Maturity
Current
Bank loans – unsecured
4.86 2010 1,136 5.022-6.723
Analysed into:
Bank loans repayable:
Within one year or on demand
The Group's bank and other borrowings are denominated in Renminbi.
The Group's bank borrowings bear floating interest according to the benchmark lending rate announced by People's Bank of China over the same period, at 4.86% per annum during the year 2009 (2008: 5.022%-6.723%).
The carrying amounts of the Group's interest-bearing bank borrowings approximate to their fair values.
30. DEFERRED GOVERNMENT GRANTS
The Group's deferred government grants represented grants received during the year for projects which are expected to take place beyond 2009.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
31. DEFERRED
The movements in deferred tax liabilities and assets during the year are as follows: Deferred tax liabilities
Development Revaluation Withholding
properties
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
At 1 January, 2009 10,513 15,753 15,350 41,616
Deferred tax charged/(credited) to the income statement (note 10) 2,131 (299)
Realised during the year Deferred tax debited to equity during the year – 8,502
– 8,502
Gross deferred tax liabilities at 31 December, 2009 12,644 23,956 32,052 68,652
Deferred tax assets
Provision Provision
Provision for
for other
for trade
inventory receivables receivables Accruals
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
At 1 January, 2009 17 1,210 15,849 17,076
Deferred tax (charged)/credited to the income statement during the year (note 10) Gross deferred tax assets at 31 December, 2009 8 1,026 40,867 41,932
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
31. DEFERRED TAX (continued)
For the purpose of presentation of the consolidated statement of fi nancial position, certain deferred tax assets and liabilities have been offset. The following is an analysis of the deferred tax balances of the Group for fi nancial reporting purposes: Net deferred tax assets recognised in the consolidated statement of fi nancial position Net deferred tax liabilities recognised in the consolidated statement of fi nancial position Deferred tax liabilities
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 At 1 January, 2008 Deferred tax charged to the income statement (note 10) Acquisition of a subsidiary Deferred tax debited to equity during the year Gross deferred tax liabilities at 31 December, 2008 Deferred tax assets
assets receivables receivables Accruals HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 At 1 January, 2008 Acquisition of a subsidiary Deferred tax (charged)/credited to the income statement during the year (note 10) Gross deferred tax assets at 31 December, 2008 Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
31. DEFERRED TAX (continued)
For the purpose of presentation of the consolidated statement of fi nancial position, certain deferred tax assets and liabilities have been offset in the consolidated statement of fi nancial position. The following is an analysis of the deferred tax balances of the Group for fi nancial reporting purposes: Net deferred tax assets recognised in the consolidated statement of fi nancial position Net deferred tax liabilities recognised in the consolidated statement of fi nancial position Pursuant to the PRC Corporate Income Tax Law, a 10% withholding tax is levied on dividends declared to foreign investors from the foreign investment enterprises established in Mainland China. The requirement is effective from 1 January, 2008 and applies to earnings after 31 December, 2007. A lower withholding tax rate may be applied if there is a tax treaty between Mainland China and the jurisdiction of the foreign investors. For the Group, the applicable rate is 5%. The Group is therefore liable to withholding taxes on dividends distributed by those subsidiaries and a jointly-controlled entity established in Mainland China in respect of earnings generated from 1 January, 2008.
32. SHARE
Authorised: 6,000,000,000 ordinary shares of HK$0.025 each (2008: 4,000,000,000 ordinary shares of HK$0.025 each) Issued and fully paid: 4,527,937,473 ordinary shares of HK$0.025 each (2008: 2,263,968,736 ordinary shares of HK$0.025 each) During the year, the movements in share capital were as follows: Pursuant to an ordinary resolution passed on 10 December, 2009, the authorised share capital of the Company was increased from HK$100,000,000 (comprising 4,000,000,000 ordinary shares of HK$0.025 each) to HK$150,000,000 (comprising 6,000,000,000 ordinary shares of HK$0.025 each) by creation of an additional 2,000,000,000 new ordinary shares of HK$0.025 each in the Company.
A bonus issue of one share for every three existing shares held by members on the register of members on 8 June, 2009 was made, resulting in the issue of 754,656,246 ordinary shares of HK$0.025 each.
A bonus issue of one share for every two existing shares held by members on the register of members on 10 December, 2009 was made, resulting in the issue of 1,509,312,491 ordinary shares of HK$0.025 each.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
32. SHARE CAPITAL (continued)
A summary of the transactions during the year with reference to the above movements in the Company's issued share capital is as follows: HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 At 1 January, 2009 Bonus share issue (b) Bonus share issue (c) At 31 December, 2009 33. SHARE OPTION SCHEMES
The Company operates a share option scheme (the "2003 Scheme") for the purpose of providing incentives and rewards to eligible participants who contribute to the success of the Group's operations.
The 2003 Scheme became effective on 8 December, 2003 upon the listing of the Company's shares on the Main Board, unless otherwise cancelled or amended, the 2003 Scheme remains in force for 10 years from that date.
The maximum number of shares which may be allotted to and issued upon the exercise of all outstanding share options granted and yet to be exercised under the 2003 Scheme and any other share option schemes of the Company must not in aggregate exceed 30% of the relevant class of shares of the Company in issue at any time.
The total number of shares which may be allotted to and issued upon the exercise of all options to be granted under the 2003 Scheme and any other share option schemes of the Company must not in aggregate exceed 10% of the relevant class of shares of the Company in issue as at the date of adoption of the 2003 Scheme, unless shareholders' approval of the Company has been obtained.
The total number of shares issued and to be issued upon exercise of options granted under the 2003 Scheme and any other share option schemes of the Company to each participant, including cancelled, exercised and outstanding option, in any 12-month period up to the date of grant, shall not exceed 1% of the issued share capital of the Company. Any further grant of share options in excess of such limit is subject to shareholders' approval in a general meeting.
Share options granted to a director, chief executive, or substantial shareholder of the Company, or to any of their associates, are subject to approval in advance by the independent non-executive directors. Where any grant of share options to a substantial shareholder of the Company or an independent non-executive director of the Company, or any of their respective associates, would result in the total number of shares issued and to be issued upon exercise of share options already granted and to be granted to such person under the 2003 Scheme and any other share option schemes of the Company (including option exercised, cancelled and outstanding) in any 12-month period up to and including the date of such grant (a) representing in aggregate over 0.1% of the Shares in issue; and (b) having an aggregate value (based on the closing price of the shares at the date of each grant) in excess of HK$5 million, such further grant of options must be approved by the shareholders in a general meeting.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
33. SHARE OPTION SCHEMES (continued)
Any change in the terms of the share options granted to a substantial shareholder of the Company or any independent non-executive director, or any of their respective associates must be approved by the shareholders in a general meeting.
The offer of a grant of share options may be accepted within 30 days from the date of the offer, upon payment of a nominal consideration of HK$1 in total by the grantee. A share option may be exercised in accordance with the terms of the 2003 Scheme at any time during a period to be determined on the date of offer of grant of a share option and notifi ed by the directors to each grantee. The exercise period may commence once the offer of the grant is accepted by the grantee within the prescribed time from the date of its offer and shall end in any event not later than 10 years from the date grant of the share option. Unless otherwise determined by the directors and provided in the offer of the grant of options to a grantee, there is no minimum period required under the 2003 Scheme for the holding of a share option before it can be exercised.
The exercise price of the shares under the 2003 Scheme shall be a price determined by the board of directors but shall not be less than the highest of (i) the closing price of the Shares on the date of the offer of the grant; (ii) the average closing price of the shares for the fi ve business days immediately preceding the date of the offer of grant; and (iii) the nominal value of the shares.
Share options do not confer rights on the holders to dividends or to vote at shareholders' meetings.
Pursuant to Clause 10 of the Rules of the 2003 Scheme regarding the alteration in the capital structure of the Company and the approval of the shareholders for the subdivision of the every issued and un-issued share of HK$0.10 each into four shares of HK$0.025 each, the outstanding share options and the exercise price have been adjusted under the 2003 Scheme accordingly.
On 18 June, 2007, the Shareholders have approved the refreshment of the 2003 Scheme mandate such that the Company could grant options under the 2003 Scheme carrying the rights to subscribe for a maximum of 10% of the shares then in issue as at 18 June, 2007.
No share options were granted under the 2003 Scheme since 8 December, 2003.
34. RESERVES
(a) Group
The amounts of the Group's reserves and the movements therein for the current and prior years are presented in the consolidated statement of changes in equity on page 52 of the annual report.
The Group's contributed surplus represents the difference between the nominal value of the shares and the share premium account of the former Group holding companies acquired pursuant to the Group reorganisation as stated in the Company's prospectus dated 22 September, 2000, over the nominal value of the Company's shares issued in exchange therefor.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
34. RESERVES
(a) Group
Pursuant to the relevant laws and regulations for foreign investment enterprises incorporated under the Law of the Mainland China on Joint Venture Using Chinese and Foreign Investment and the articles of association of the Group's Mainland China joint ventures, profi ts of the Group's Mainland China joint ventures as determined in accordance with the accounting rules and regulations in Mainland China are available for distribution in the form of cash dividends to the joint venture partners after the joint ventures have: (1) satisfi ed all tax liabilities; (2) provided for losses in previous years; and (3) made any required appropriations to the statutory reserve funds, including the general reserve fund, the enterprise expansion fund and the staff welfare and bonus fund. According to the articles of association of the respective Mainland China joint ventures of the Group, the appropriation to the statutory reserve funds are at the discretion of the board of directors of the respective joint ventures. The basis of appropriation of the general reserve fund and the enterprise expansion fund is 5% of the statutory annual net profi t after tax of the respective Mainland China joint ventures. The appropriation to the staff welfare and bonus fund is based on nil to 10% of the statutory annual net profi t after tax of the respective Mainland China joint ventures and has been reclassifi ed as an expense on consolidation as it is a liability to the employees.
The general reserve fund can be used either to offset accumulated losses or be capitalised as equity. The enterprise expansion fund can be used to expand the joint venture's production and operation and subject to the approval of the relevant government authorities, can be utilised for increasing the capital of the joint venture. The staff welfare and bonus fund is recorded and reported as a current liability of the joint ventures and can be utilised for making special bonuses or collective welfare to the employees of the joint venture.
The capital reserve is non-distributable and arose from the capitalisation of the statutory reserve funds as paid-up capital upon approval for increasing the registered capital of Mainland China joint ventures.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
34. RESERVES
(b) Company
premium Contributed revaluation revaluation Retained
Notes account surplus reserve reserve profits Total
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 Balance at 1 January, 2008 (9,979) 1,217,248 1,549,662 Total comprehensive income for the year At 31 December, 2008 – 1,125,677 1,467,987 Balance at 1 January, 2009 60,464 – –
1,125,677
Total comprehensive income for the year – – – –
(78,929)
Issue of bonus shares (56,599) – – – –
Interim 2009 dividend – – – –
(124,519)
Proposed final 2009 dividend – – – –
(95,659)
At 31 December, 2009 60,464 – –
35. OPERATING LEASE ARRANGEMENTS
As lessee
The Group leases certain of its offi ce properties and land use rights under operating lease arrangements. Leases for offi ce equipment are for terms ranging between two and fi ve years, and for land use rights are for terms ranging from one to fi fty years.
At the end of the reporting period, the Group and the Company had total future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases falling due as follows: In the second to fi fth years, inclusive After fi ve years Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
In addition to the operating lease commitments detailed in note 35 above, the Group had the following capital commitments at the end of the reporting period: Contracted, but not provided for: – Plant and machinery – Capital contributions in respect of a joint venture company (see below) Authorised, but not contracted for: – Plant and machinery On 30 August, 2006, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, CTRC, entered into the joint venture agreement with Shaanxi Coal Chemical Industry Limited, Shaanxi Province Investment Group Limited and Shaanxi New Coal Chemical Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd. for the establishment of a joint venture company, namely, Shaanxi Xinxing Energy Chemical Industry Limited. Details of the formation of the joint venture company are set out in the Company's press announcement dated 1 September, 2006. The Group's share of the committed capital contribution in the joint venture company amounted to HK$722,400,000 as at 31 December, 2009 (the formation of the joint venture company is still pending the formal approval of the relevant government authorities).
37. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
(a) In addition to the transactions detailed elsewhere in these fi nancial statements, the Group had the following
transactions with related parties during the year: Purchases of raw materials from:– a Chinese joint venture partner of a subsidiary (note (a)) Service revenue from: Operating lease rentals payable to:– a Chinese joint venture partner of a subsidiary (note (b)) – a company benefi cially owned by two directors Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
37. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS (continued)
Purchases of raw materials were conducted with reference to the market prices.
Lease rentals were based on tenancy agreements entered into between the Group and each of the related parties with reference to market prices.
(b) Other transactions with related parties
On 9 November, 2007, NJCTT entered into a master supply agreement to supply to Tianqing cardio-cerebral medicines, anti-bacterial and anti-infl ammatory medicines from 1 January, 2008 to 31 December, 2010 (the "NJCTT Master Supply Agreement"). The terms of the NJCTT Master Supply Agreement are to be determined by reference to the prevailing market prices of and demand for cardio-cerebral medicines, anti-bacterial and anti-infl ammatory medicines in the PRC, and no less favourable to Tianqing than those available to Tianqing from independent third parties. The NJCTT Master Supply Agreement constitutes a continuing connected transaction under Chapter 14A of the Listing Rules. Details of the NJCTT Master Supply Agreement are set out in the Company's announcement dated 9 November, 2007. The sales of goods by NJCTT to Tianqing of the year amounted to HK$18,095,000 (2008: HK$13,426,000) and have been eliminated on consolidation.
(ii) On 9 November, 2007, Fenghai entered into a master supply agreement to supply to Tianqing anti-bacterial and anti-infl ammatory medicine, cardio-cerebral medicines from 1 January, 2008 to 31 December, 2010 (the "Jiangsu Fenghai Master Supply Agreement"). The terms of the Jiangsu Fenghai Master Supply Agreement are to be determined by reference to the prevailing market prices of and demand for cardio-cerebral medicines, anti-bacterial and anti-infl ammatory medicines in the PRC, no less favourable to Tianqing than those available to Tianqing from independent third parties. The Jiangsu Fenghai Master Supply Agreement constitutes a continuing connected transaction under Chapter 14A of the Listing Rules. Details of the Jiangsu Fenghai Master Supply Agreement are set out in the Company's announcement dated 9 November, 2007. The sales of goods by Fenghai to Tianqing of the year amounted to HK$5,311,000 (2008: HK$2,797,000) and have been eliminated on consolidation.
(iii) On 23 December, 2005, CTGC entered into an agreement with Fenghai for CTGC to provide technology development services for certain pharmaceutical products for a term of three years from 1 January, 2006 to 31 December, 2008 to Fenghai (the "Jiangsu Fenghai Technology Services Agreement"). The terms of the technology development services are to be determined by reference to the prevailing market prices, no more favourable to Fenghai than those offered to independent third parties. Fenghai is 25% owned by a company wholly-owned by Mr. Tse Ping, chairman of the Company, and is principally engaged in the production and sale of pharmaceutical raw materials and products. Fenghai is a connected party as defi ned in Chapter 14A of the Listing Rules. Details of the Jiangou Fenghai Technology Services Agreement are set out in the Company's press announcement dated 4 January, 2006.
On 24 September, 2008, CTGC entered into a new agreement with Fenghai for CTGC to provide technology development services for certain pharmaceutical products for a term of three years from 1 January, 2009 to 31 December, 2011 to Fenghai (the "New Jiangsu Fenghai Technology Services Agreement"). The terms of the technology development services are to be determined by reference to the prevailing market prices and no more favourable to Jiangsu Fenghai than those offered to independent third parties. Details of the New Jiangsu Fenghai Technology Services Agreement are set out in the Company's announcement dated 24 September, 2008.
There are no transactions arising from the New Jiangsu Fenghai Technology Services Agreement in 2009 (2008: nil).
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
37. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS (continued)
(b) Other transactions with related parties (continued)
(iv) On 23 December, 2005, JCTT and Jiangsu State Agribusiness Commercial Commodities Limited ("Jiangsu Agribusiness Commodities") entered into a master purchase agreement for JCTT's purchase of coal from Jiangsu Agribusiness Commodities for a term of three years from 1 January, 2006 to 31 December, 2008 (the "Master Purchase Agreement"). The terms of the Master Purchase Agreement are to be determined by reference to the prevailing market price of coal in Mainland China, the prevailing market demand and the quotations obtained from various potential suppliers, and no less favourable to JCTT than those available from independent suppliers. Jiangsu Agribusiness Commodities is a connected party and the Master Purchase Agreement constitutes a continuing connected transaction under Chapter 14A of the Listing Rules. Details of the Master Purchase Agreement are set out in the Company's press announcement dated 4 January, 2006.
On 24 September, 2008, JCTT and Jiangsu Agribusiness Commodities entered into a new master purchase agreement for JCTT's purchase of coal from Jiangsu Agribusiness Commodities for a term of three years from 1 January, 2009 to 31 December, 2011 (the "New Master Purchase Agreement"). The terms of the New Master Purchase Agreement are to be determined by reference to the prevailing market price of coal in Mainland China, the prevailing market demand and the quotations obtained from various potential suppliers, and no less favourable to JCTT than those available from independent suppliers. Details of the revision are set out in the Company's announcement dated 24 September, 2008.
The purchase of raw materials from Jiangsu Agribusiness Commodities for the year amounted to HK$5,894,000 (2008: HK$6,623,000), and has been disclosed in note 37(a) under "Purchases of raw materials from a Chinese joint venture partner of a subsidiary".
On 17 April, 2008, the Company entered into a tenancy agreement (the "Tenancy Agreement") with Billion Source Holdings Limited ("Billion Source") to lease from Billion Source the premises at 31st Floor, Building No. 1A, G.T. International Center, Jia 3 Yongandongli, Jianguomenwai Dajie, Chaoyang District, Beijing, PRC for a term of three years from 1 January, 2008 to 31 December, 2010. The terms of the tenancy are to be determined by reference to the prevailing market prices and no more favourable to the Company than those offered to independent third parties. Billion Source is a company benefi cially owned by two directors. Billion Source is a connected party as defi ned in Chapter 14A of the Listing Rules. Details of the Tenancy Agreement are set out in the Company's announcement dated 17 April, 2008.
The rental fee paid to Billion Source for the year amounted to HK$3,404,000 (2008: HK$3,376,000), and has been disclosed in note 37(a) under "Service revenue from a company benefi cially owned by two directors".
(c) Outstanding balances with related parties
As disclosed in the consolidated statement of fi nancial position, the Group had trade and other payables to its Chinese joint venture partners of HK$2,747,000, (2008: HK$5,506,000) and trade receivables from its Chinese joint venture partners of HK$3,300,000 (2008: HK$2,423,000). Trade and other payables and receivables are unsecured, interest-free and on normal trade terms for repayment.
The carrying values of the amounts due from/to related companies approximate to their fair values.
(ii) The Group's amount due to a related party as at 31 December, 2008 represented a loan borrowed from its Chinese joint venture partner of HK$5,781,000. This amount was unsecured and bore interest at a rate of 5.31% per annum. The amount was fully repaid during the year.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
38. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS BY CATEGORY
The carrying amounts of each of the categories of fi nancial instruments as at the end of the reporting period are as follows: Financial
assets at fair
value through
profit or loss-
Loans and
held for trading
receivables
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
Equity investments at fair value through profit or loss 53,898 – –
Available-for-sale investments Trade receivables – 479,034
– 479,034
Financial assets included in prepayments, deposits and other receivables – 34,926
– 34,926
Due from related companies – 3,300
– 3,300
Cash and bank balances – 1,827,313
53,898 2,344,573
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 Available-for-sale – 50,083 50,083 Trade receivables Financial assets included in prepayments, deposits and other receivables Due from related companies Cash and bank balances Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
38. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS BY CATEGORY (continued)
Financial assets (continued)
Financial
assets at fair
profit or loss-
Loans and
held for trading
receivables
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
Equity investments at fair value through profit or loss 53,898 –
Financial assets included in prepayments, deposits and other receivables – 1,176 1,176
Due from subsidiaries – 135,449 135,449
Cash and bank balances – 1,171,041 1,171,041
53,898 1,307,666 1,361,564
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 Available-for-sale – 20,263 20,263 Financial assets included in prepayments, deposits and other receivables Due from subsidiaries Cash and bank balances Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
38. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS BY CATEGORY (continued)
Financial liabilities at amortised cost
Financial liabilities included in other payables and accruals Interest-bearing bank and other borrowings Due to related companies Due to subsidiaries 39. FAIR VALUE HIERARCHY
The Group uses the following hierarchy for determining and disclosing the fair value of fi nancial instruments: Level 1: fair values measured based on quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities Level 2: fair values measured based on valuation techniques for which all inputs which have a signifi cant effect on the recorded fair value are observable, either directly or indirectly Level 3: fair values measured based on valuation techniques for which all inputs which have a signifi cant effect on the recorded fair value are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs) As at 31 December, 2009, the Group's equity investments at fair value through profi t or loss (level 1) is measured at fair value.
40. FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES
The Group's principal fi nancial instruments comprise bank borrowings, cash and short term deposits. The main purpose of these fi nancial instruments is to raise fi nance for the Group's operations. The Group has various other fi nancial assets and liabilities such as trade receivables and trade payables, which arise directly from its operations.
The Group also enters into derivatives transactions including principally forward currency contracts.
The main risks arising from the Group's fi nancial instruments are interest rate risk, foreign currency risk, credit risk, liquidity risk and equity price risk. The board reviews and agrees policies for managing each of these risks and they are summarised below.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
40. FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES (continued)
Interest rate risk
The Group's exposure to interest rate risk for changes in interest rates relates primarily to the Group's non-current bank and other borrowings with a fl oating interest rate. The Group does not use derivative fi nancial instruments to hedge its interest rate risk.
The following table demonstrates the sensitivity to a reasonably possible change in interest rates, with all other variables held constant, of the Group's profi t before tax (through the impact on fl oating rate borrowings) and the Group's equity.
(decrease)
Increase/
(decrease)
before tax
in equity
point HK$'000 HK$'000
Renminbi-denominated borrowings 50 (6) (5)
Renminbi-denominated borrowings Renminbi-denominated borrowings Renminbi-denominated borrowings Foreign currency risk
Foreign exchange risk arises from the change in foreign exchange rates that may have an adverse effect on the Group in the current reporting year and in the future years. Most of the assets and liabilities of the Group were denominated in Renminbi and Hong Kong dollars. In Mainland China, foreign investment enterprises are authorised to convert Renminbi to foreign currency in respect of the current account items (including payment of dividend and profi t to the foreign joint venture partner).
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
40. FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES (continued)
Foreign currency risk (continued)
The following table demonstrates the sensitivity at the end of the reporting period to a reasonably possible change in the Hong Kong dollar exchange rate, with all other variables held constant, of the Group's equity (due to changes in the fair value of monetary assets and liabilities): Increase/
(decrease)
(decrease) in
in profi t
exchange rate
before tax
in equity
If Hong Kong dollar weakens against Renminbi If Hong Kong dollar strengthens against Renminbi If Hong Kong dollar weakens against Renminbi If Hong Kong dollar strengthens against Renminbi Credit risk
The Group trades only with recognised and creditworthy third parties. It is the Group's policy that all customers who wish to trade on credit terms are subject to credit verifi cation procedures. In addition, receivable balances are monitored on an ongoing basis and the Group's exposure to bad debts is not signifi cant.
The credit risk of the Group's other fi nancial assets, which comprise cash and cash equivalents, available-for-sale fi nancial assets, equity investment at fair value through profi t or loss and other receivables, arises from default of the counterparty, with a maximum exposure equal to the carrying amounts of these instruments.
Since the Group trades only with recognised and creditworthy third parties, there is no requirement for collateral. There are no signifi cant concentrations of credit risk within the Group as the customer bases of the Group's trade receivables are widely dispersed in different sectors and industries.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
40. FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES (continued)
The Group's liquidity remains strong as at the end of the reporting period. During the year, the Group's primary source of funds was cash derived from operating activities and investment income. The directors consider that the Group is not exposed to liquidity risk.
The maturity profi le of the Group's fi nancial liabilities as at the end of the reporting period, based on the contractual undiscounted payments, is as follows: Less than
On demand
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
Interest-bearing bank borrowings 1,136 –
92,531 20,957 9,604
53,556 101,900 59,141
– 214,597
Due to related companies 2,747 – – –
148,834 122,857 69,881
– 341,572
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 Interest-bearing bank borrowings 21,030 54,089 46,681 Due to related companies 25,412 152,342 131,968 2009 2008
On demand
HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000 HK$'000
3,325 3,325 3,539 3,539
Due to subsidiaries 124,019 124,019 48,215 48,215
127,344 127,344 51,754 51,754
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited Notes to Financial Statements
40. FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES (continued)
Equity price risk
Equity price risk is the risk that the fair values of equity securities decrease as a result of changes in the value of individual securities. The Group is exposed to equity price risk arising from individual equity investments classifi ed as held-for-trading investments (note 25) as at 31 December, 2009. The Group's listed investments are listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange and are valued at quoted market prices at the end of the reporting period.
The following table demonstrates the sensitivity to every 1% change in the fair values of the equity investments, with all other variables held constant and before any impact on tax, based on their carrying amounts at the end of the reporting period.
amount of
investments in
Listed equity investments in Hong Kong – Held-for-trading Listed equity investments in elsewhere – Held-for-trading Listed equity investments in Hong Kong – Available-for-sale The primary objective of the Group's capital management is to safeguard the Group's ability to continue as a going concern and to maintain healthy capital ratios in order to support its business and maximise shareholders value. The Group funds its operations principally via its capital.
The Group manages its capital structure and makes adjustments to it, in light of changes in economic conditions. To maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Group may adjust the dividend payment to shareholders. No changes were made in the objectives, policies or processes for managing capital during the years ended 31 December, 2009 and 31 December, 2008.
Annual Report 2009 Notes to Financial Statements
41. EVENTS AFTER THE REPORTING PERIOD
On 22 January, 2010, the Company, Remarkable Industries Limited ("Remarkable Industries") (wholly-owned by Mr. Tse Ping, Chairman and substantial shareholder of the Company), China Life Insurance (Overseas) Company Limited ("China Life"), CITIC Securities International Investment Management (HK) Limited (for China Alpha II Fund ("CITIC I") and CITIC Securities Alpha Leaders Fund ("CITIC II")) entered into various agreements whereby (i) China Life, CITIC I and CITIC II agreed to purchase 200,000,000, 27,500,000 and 27,500,000 ordinary shares in the Company from Remarkable Industries at a price of HK$2.10 per ordinary share; and (ii) the Company agreed to allot and issue, and Remarkable Industries agreed to subscribe for 255,000,000 ordinary shares at a price of HK$2.10 per ordinary share. Pursuant to these agreements, Remarkable Industries have provided a guarantee to China Life that should the average closing price of the Company's ordinary shares as stated in The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited for the last fi ve business days on which the Company's ordinary shares are traded up to and including the fi rst anniversary of the completion of China Life's placement is less than HK$2.226 per ordinary share, Remarkable Industries will purchase these ordinary shares at a predetermined purchase consideration. The ordinary shares to be held by China Life will be subject to a lock-up period of 1 year. Details are set out in the Company's announcement dated 26 January, 2010.
42. APPROVAL OF THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The fi nancial statements were approved and authorised for issue by the board of directors on 31 March, 2010.
Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited

Source: http://finance.thestandard.com.hk/upload/comp_report_item/01177/LTN20100518167.pdf

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sb9103.qxd 12/16/1999 9:19 AM Page 48 Combinatorial gene regulation by eukaryotic transcription factorsLin Chen Recent structure determinations of high order complexes of eukaryotic transcription factors bound to DNA have revealedthat residues from their DNA-binding domains are involved in MCM1 MADS box dimer protein–protein interactions between distinct factors.