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Postgraduate programmes in Law Certificate in Laws Academic direction by The World Class: studied anywhere, valued everywhere.


Join the world class 1 A mark of excellence
Gain a University of London degree and increase your potential career development. 2 Quality of learning
The programmes in this leaflet are developed by academics at Queen Mary and UCL, both of which rank in the top 10 Law departments in the UK (2015 QS World University Rankings).
3 Worldwide relevance
Advanced study of law has become a necessary skill for a number of professions. The wide range of specialisations on offer allow you to focus on a particular legal field relevant to your context. 4 Access a wealth of resources
You receive comprehensive study guides written by subject experts, as well as access to extensive online learning materials for each course.
5 Flexible learning
With no travel, relocation or accommodation costs, studying through the University of London International Programmes is much more affordable than coming to London to study on campus. What's more, you can continue working full time. Postgraduate programmes in Laws


"In the increasingly
competitive
environment of
worldwide access
to higher education,
the University of
London International
Programmes continue
to offer a guarantee
of quality, value and
intellectual rigour."
Professor Sir Adrian Smith FRS
Vice-Chancellor, University of London


Your prestigious University of London qualification
About your qualification
When you graduate with a degree, diploma or certificate from the University of London you will receive two important documents – your Final Diploma (the parchment you receive on graduation) and a Diploma Supplement. The Final Diploma
• Indicates that you were registered with the University of London and awarded a University of London degree, diploma or certificate.
• Gives the name of the University of London Colleges that developed the syllabus and provided assessment.
• Features the University of London crest and the Vice-Chancellor's signature.
The Diploma Supplement
• Describes the nature, level and content of the programme you successfully completed.
• Includes the transcript of courses taken, marks achieved and overall classification.
• States the role of the University of London Colleges and the method of study.
Postgraduate programmes in Laws


Postgraduate programmes in Law
Join the world class
Your prestigious University of London qualification Renowned for excel ence in legal education To sit exams in May
Best to apply before Programme structure 30 September (previous year) Your progression through the awards Must register by Flexible study and support 10 November (previous year) Specialisations 12 To sit exams in October
Courses and specialisations Best to apply before Entrance requirements 28 February (same year) How to apply and register Must register by 15 April (same year) A global reach
with 54,000
students
spanning 180


Renowned for excellence in direction: Queen Mary and UCLRenowned for excel ence in legal education, the University of London is both one of the largest and most respected academic institutions in the world. When you join the Postgraduate Laws programme, you become part of an international community of high academic achievers whose affiliation with the University sets them apart.
The academic management legal studies. Advanced study of for the programme is provided law has become a necessary key jointly by the Department of Law to open the doors of success in of Queen Mary and the Faculty legal work. But it also greatly assists of Laws at UCL. Academics from outside the strictly legal world, by the University of London plan strengthening intel ectual skil s, the structure and content of the analysis and discipline of mind.
programme, develop and write The Postgraduate Laws programme is study materials, set the examination aimed at providing the tools necessary papers and mark scripts.
for success in all areas of life. It is very Note, however, that neither Queen Professor Jenny Hamilton, flexible and well adapted to the needs Mary nor UCL, nor the University Acting Director, Postgraduate of people who study away from a of London, provide any tuition or ful -time university, juggling work, access to academic feedback. You Tools for success family and social commitments. A wide use study materials provided by range of courses are offered, suited the University of London. This is a to the interests and needs of people distance learning programme with Law plays an increasing role in all from a range of backgrounds. We hope no interactive teaching support.
our lives. As such, everyone who you will enjoy your studies with us.
wishes to take a leading place in society will benefit from postgraduate Postgraduate programmes in Laws An LLM can help you develop your once you have passed the 10 career in a number of ways. If you are modules for the Postgraduate a practising lawyer or barrister, it can Diploma, you will automatically be help you develop sought-after, in- eligible for progression to the LLM. The LLM (Master of Laws) is depth and specialist knowledge in your To see how this works in practice, an internationally recognised current area. Alternatively, it could help please see ‘Your progression postgraduate law degree, broadly you change the direction or emphasis through the awards' on page 9. comparable to an MBA in business of your career. Finally, it could help you and management. Law students broaden the scope of your current role; and professionals frequently pursue for example, if you are in a generalist Is this programme an LLM to gain expertise in a management role, it could al ow you specialised field of law, such as tax to take on legally-related aspects.
law or banking law. Many law firms Studying the LLM by distance learning prefer job candidates with an LLM because it indicates that a lawyer has Programme structure requires you to be highly motivated and disciplined. You need to be acquired advanced, specialist legal The Postgraduate Laws Programme is able to master complex problems training and is qualified to work in a built up from courses which cover a independently. Many students find multinational legal environment. particular aspect of law. Each course such self-directed study chal enging, An LLM degree by itself generally does is divided into four self-contained yet incredibly rewarding. As well as not qualify graduates to practise law. In but integrated ‘modules'. To gain developing an in-depth understanding almost all cases, you must first obtain a an LLM you study four full courses of the subject, you also gain problem- professional degree in law, for example which make up 16 modules; for solving and time-management skil s.
the Bachelor of Laws (LLB) in the UK the Postgraduate Diploma you Watch our LLM overviews on our or the Juris Doctor (JD) in the US and study 10 modules, chosen from YouTube channel, in which students pass a bar exam or the equivalent.
no more than four courses; for and graduates share their study the Postgraduate Certificate you experiences and how the degree has study five modules, again chosen helped them in their careers. Career advancement from no more than four courses.
Student overview: By gaining a University of London LLM, your current or future employer Progression routes Programme overview: will know that you have a highly valuable qualification from a university Once you have passed the five with an international reputation. modules for the Postgraduate This not only demonstrates your Certificate, you will automatically specialist knowledge of law, be eligible for progression to the but also your motivation and Postgraduate Diploma. Similarly, commitment to your career.
Programme structure Flexible learning to four courses which are not in a common subject area, such as: You take the fol owing number The great benefit of this programme Module A from the Admiralty
of courses and modules: is its flexible structure. There is a wide range of courses to choose from Postgraduate Certificate in Laws
and three awards to aim for: you Module C from the Industrial and
5 modules from up to four courses decide the level you want to achieve intel ectual property course and the areas you want to cover.
Modules A and B from the
Postgraduate Diploma in Laws
You can begin by enrol ing for the International economic law course 10 modules from up to four courses Postgraduate Certificate in Laws. Once Module A from the Medical
Master of Laws (LLM)
successfully completed, you can then law and ethics course.
progress to the Postgraduate Diploma. Similarly, when you successfully To specialise however you need to complete this, you can progress to the study courses or modules from a LLM. And because you can study when common subject area (see page 12).
you choose, you can plan your studies to fit in with work and home commitments. Independent study We currently offer 60 courses. Each course is divided into four modules, with The programme is designed to be a separate exam for each module. For studied independently at a distance some courses there are set sequences and academics are unable to engage to guide you through the modules. For in active advice or tuition. The study others, you can decide the order. For guides have been designed to lead full details of modules and sequences, you through your studies and be please visit the programme web pages: your principal point of reference.
In all cases, you can choose Recent developments in the various from no more than four courses subject areas will be published in the throughout your period of study.
Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) where you can also find Examiner You can also choose whether you cover commentaries providing academic several areas of the law or specialise feedback on past exam papers and in a particular area. For example, to performance. You can also discuss receive the Postgraduate Certificate your studies with other students in in Laws without specialisation, you the course forums or the Student Café, can study five modules from up informal spaces within the eCampus.
Postgraduate programmes in Laws Your progression through the awards How you progress: Postgraduate Certificate Module Course 1 Course 2 Course 3 Course 4
in Laws to Postgraduate Diploma in Laws to Master of Laws (LLM) Certificate in Laws: 5
modules in total
Module Course 1 Course 2 Course 3 Course 4
Diploma in Laws: 10 modules in total
Progression rules You can progress through two awards – the Postgraduate Certificate in Module Course 1 Course 2 Course 3 Course 4
Laws and the Postgraduate Diploma Master of Laws (LLM): in Laws – to the full LLM degree or 16 modules in total
if you are eligible you may choose to simply register immediately for the LLM. As you finish each award, you only need to take the additional modules necessary to complete the next one. You can think of progression as shown in the graphic opposite.
Please note: you must finish each award for which you are registered before moving on to the next.
Flexible study and supportThe Postgraduate Laws programme is set and marked in London. If you fail How many modules flexible: you are not required to attend a module you only need to resit the tutorials, complete assignments or failed module, not the entire course.
come to London. As examinations are held twice a year in over 180 countries, you can sit them locally wherever you Flexible payment are based, and whenever you are ready.
Most students choose to study one You do not have to pay in full when course (all four modules) twice a Flexible admissions you start your first course, unless you year. In this way, you can complete wish to. Most students choose the pay- the entire LLM within two years.
as-you-go option, spreading the cost You can apply to join the programme by paying for each new module in turn.
at any time of year and start whenever Number of modules you receive your study materials. You do not need a law degree to apply: students with a good non-law degree can I repeat exams? There is no requirement to be can start on the Postgraduate Diploma examined at any particular exam and progress to the LLM. Students You may repeat an exam for session. You can choose when to without an honours degree can start the same module only once. If be examined on any module, so on the Postgraduate Certificate. For you fail it a second time, your long as you complete your study entry requirements please see page 18.
registration with the University within the period of registration.
of London for the Postgraduate Flexible study period Laws Programme will cease.
Is CPD available? You have between one and five The University offers credit bearing years to complete the LLM and individual modules from the the Postgraduate Diploma; and programme that can be taken on from six months to five years for a stand-alone basis. You may take the Postgraduate Certificate.
It is up to you how you schedule up to four individual modules. your studies, depending on your Please see our website for details.
Flexible assessment work and personal commitments. However, it is recommended that you will need to dedicate around Accreditation of Exams are held twice a year in May 120 hours for each module.
and October and can be taken prior learning (APL) locally. Each module is assessed by a 45-minute unseen written exam with APL requests may only be made based a choice of questions. There is no upon a Postgraduate Certificate in oral exam or dissertation. Exams are Law or Postgraduate Diploma in Law Postgraduate programmes in Laws awarded by a Col ege or Institute of Regulations containing ful
the University of London and not on details of syl abuses, programme the basis of any other qualification(s). structures and assessment.
educational support Applicants for the Postgraduate Certificate may request APL for no Whilst the majority of our students more than one module, applicants study independently, some may for the Postgraduate Diploma for choose to access additional tuition no more than three, and applicants You also have access to an support at an independent teaching for the LLM for no more than five online eCampus containing: institution. There is currently one Extensive online library resources.
institution that is recognised to teach the LLM programme, and one More than 10 legal databases
that is provisionally recognised.
including Lexis/Nexis® and Westlaw® and other databases of School of International Law
business, management, economics To improve and aid your study and scholarly materials.
experience, extensive study sil.edu.pk
materials are provided, including: Dedicated discussion forums
for each module.
Registered Centre recognised for the LLM.
A comprehensive Skil s Guide

Saint Martin's Institute
Textbook(s) provided for each course To view the full range of online and Readers for most modules.
library resources, please visit: of Higher Education
Study guides (print and online).
Written and edited for distance To use the eCampus, you will need: learning purposes, sometimes by the a computer with regular
Affiliate Centre provisionally recognised author of the textbook provided.
for the LLM.
Annual Recent Developments
a web browser – any recent
keep you up to date with version of Internet Explorer, the law in your area.
Firefox, Safari or Chrome Past examination papers and
Certain organisations have been Examiners' commentaries are appointed as Advisers to the University available on our eCampus.
cookies enabled
of London International Programmes for the Postgraduate Laws Programme. Postgraduate Laws Programme
Adobe Acrobat so that
Advisers can provide you with Handbook containing you can download study information about the programme. information and advice that resources in pdf format.
A full list can be found on the course is specific to your studies as a Postgraduate Laws student.
If you would like to become a You can specialise in any of the following areas:
specialist in a particular field of law, you'll need to fol ow specific courses. 1. Banking and finance law 17. Intel ectual property law This way, the specialisation will be named on your final certificate for 2. Commercial and corporate law 18. International business law the award, for example the ‘Master of Laws (LLM) in the specialisation: 19. International criminal justice International Business Law'. If you fol ow the progression route from 4. Comparative and foreign law 20. International dispute resolution Postgraduate Certificate in Laws to Postgraduate Diploma in Laws to the 5. Competition law 21. International intel ectual Master of Laws (LLM), each award might be in a different specialisation. To have a specialisation named on communications law 22. International justice your certificate, you need to study 7. Corporate and securities law 23. Law and development and satisfy the Examiners in a certain number of courses or modules within 8. Criminology and criminal justice 24. Legal theory and history that specialisation: at least three complete courses for the Master of 9. Economic regulation Laws (LLM), at least eight modules for the Postgraduate Diploma in Laws 10. Environmental and and at least four modules for the natural resources law Postgraduate Certificate in Laws. 11. Equity and trusts 27. Medicine and the law Please note that throughout your study on the programme, you can 28. Procedural law select modules from no more than four courses. See pages 14–17 for 29. Public international law tables of courses and specialisations.
14. Financial services law We offer 60 courses, most of which 15. Human rights law are divided into four modules. For the full list of available courses, 16. Insurance law plus the syl abus for each, please visit the course web pages: Postgraduate programmes in Laws International and comparative
law and policy of patents, trade Professor Johanna secrets and related rights To receive the Postgraduate International and comparative Herchel Smith Professor Certificate in Laws in the law of trade marks, designs of Intellectual Property specialisation: Equity and trusts and unfair competition Law and Director, Queen you will need to study at least four modules chosen from any To receive the Master of Laws (LLM) Mary Intellectual Property of the fol owing five courses: in the specialisation: Banking and Research Institute finance law you will need to study Commercial trusts law
at least three courses (12 modules) Equity and trusts in context
from the fol owing 13 courses: International and Commercial banking law: comparative trust law Law on investment entities Commercial trusts law Private law aspects of Corporate finance and management the law of finance issues in company law Derivatives law
‘I am very pleased to be involved in the University of London To receive the Postgraduate International Programmes. It in the specialisation: International and comparative Intel ectual property law gives students from around the world access to a huge diversity of will need to study at least eight International and
courses and expertise, broadening modules chosen from any of comparative trust law the opportunities and possibilities the fol owing seven courses: International economic law
for students regardless of location and other circumstances. Industrial and intel ectual property Law of financial crime
Knowledge is critical to Intel ectual property and medicine Law of international finance:
contemporary economies Intel ectual property and sport
and development, and I'm proud to play a small part in Intel ectual property on the Internet Law of international project finance the greater access facilitated International and comparative law Law on investment entities by the University of London of copyright and related rights Private law aspects of
International Programmes.' the law of finance Securities law
Courses and specialisations Admiralty lawApplicable laws and procedures in international commercial arbitrationCarriage of goods by seaCommercial banking law: bank–customer relationshipCommercial trusts lawComparative criminal justice policyConstitutional and institutional law of the European UnionCorporate finance and management issues in company lawDerivatives lawEquity and trusts in contextEuropean Union competition lawEuropean Convention on Human RightsEuropean internal marketExternal relations law of the European UnionFoundational and constitutional issues in company lawHuman rights of womenIndustrial and intellectual propertyInsurance law (excluding Marine insurance law)Intellectual property and medicineIntellectual property and sportIntellectual property on the InternetInternational and comparative bank regulationInternational and comparative competition lawInternational and comparative law of copyright and related rightsInternational and comparative law of patents, trade secrets and related rightsInternational and comparative law of trade marks, designs and unfair Postgraduate programmes in Laws Note: for the full names of specialisations please see the numbered list on page 12 Admiralty lawApplicable laws and procedures in international commercial arbitrationCarriage of goods by seaCommercial banking law: bank–customer relationshipCommercial trusts lawComparative criminal justice policyConstitutional and institutional law of the European UnionCorporate finance and management issues in company lawDerivatives lawEquity and trusts in contextEuropean Union competition lawEuropean Convention on Human RightsEuropean internal marketExternal relations law of the European UnionFoundational and constitutional issues in company lawHuman rights of womenIndustrial and intellectual propertyInsurance law (excluding Marine insurance law)Intellectual property and medicineIntellectual property and sportIntellectual property on the InternetInternational and comparative bank regulationInternational and comparative competition lawInternational and comparative law of copyright and related rightsInternational and comparative law of patents, trade secrets and related rightsInternational and comparative law of trade marks, designs and unfair Courses and specialisations International and comparative trust lawInternational commercial insurance lawInternational criminal lawInternational economic lawInternational environmental lawInternational investment lawInternational law of the seaInternational merger controlInternational natural resources lawInternational refugee lawInternational rights of the childInternational trade lawJurisprudence and legal theoryLaw and policy of international courts and tribunalsLaw of financial crimeLaw of international project financeLaw of treatiesLaw on investment entitiesLegislation and statutory interpretationMarine insurance lawMedical law and ethicsMultinational enterprises and the lawPrivate international law in international commercial litigationPrivate law aspects of the law of financeRegulation and infrastructure of international commercial arbitrationRussian law and legal institutionsSecurities lawTaxation principles and policyTelecommunications lawUnited Nations protection of human rightsWestern European legal historyWorld trade lawYouth justice Postgraduate programmes in Laws Note: for the full names of specialisations please see the numbered list on page 12 International and comparative trust lawInternational commercial insurance lawInternational criminal lawInternational economic lawInternational environmental lawInternational investment lawInternational law of the seaInternational merger controlInternational natural resources lawInternational refugee lawInternational rights of the childInternational trade lawJurisprudence and legal theoryLaw and policy of international courts and tribunalsLaw of financial crimeLaw of international project financeLaw of treatiesLaw on investment entitiesLegislation and statutory interpretationMarine insurance lawMedical law and ethicsMultinational enterprises and the lawPrivate international law in international commercial litigationPrivate law aspects of the law of financeRegulation and infrastructure of international commercial arbitrationRussian law and legal institutionsSecurities lawTaxation principles and policyTelecommunications lawUnited Nations protection of human rightsWestern European legal historyWorld trade lawYouth justice Entrance requirements Professor Alastair National Teaching Fellow, Visiting Professor, University of Portsmouth, and author ‘I think there are two reasons for Access is a key principle for all addition, any number of students doing an LLM. The first one is distance study programmes offered can join this programme, so if you your own personal intel ectual through the University of London meet our entrance requirements development. The second one International Programmes, and you will be offered a place.
is to encourage and help your Postgraduate Laws is no exception.
career along. There's no doubt The programme offers the opportunity Am I eligible? that doing an LLM enables you to to gain the same prestigious become an expert in a particular qualification awarded to students In order to be eligible to register for focused field, in a way that just enrol ed with one of the University's the LLM degree, Postgraduate Diploma studying at undergraduate Col eges but without coming to in Laws or Postgraduate Certificate in level won't. There's a real art to London. It is open to a wide range of Laws, you must satisfy our entrance writing study guides for us as the students and assessed to the same requirements. These can be satisfied academics. We really do guide high standard as a programme within through a wide variety of qualifications you through your study: they're one of the University's Col eges.
from around the world. Furthermore very conversational and helpful, relevant work experience can also be give you lots of self-test questions, There are no requirements for considered for entry. For further details show you what's involved with the you to come to London, so no please visit the LLM ‘Requirements' assessment, and help you learn.' relocation or travel costs and you section listed on our website at: can continue working full time. In Postgraduate programmes in Laws Deborah RegalLLM graduate, United Kingdom‘I chose the programme for its flexibility. At the same time as indulging my interest in criminal law, I could pursue my interest in human rights, for example. The quality of the programme is exceptional. I knew from the outset that it was going to be good – I didn't realise how good it was going to be.
I was inspired by my LLM and my study of the human rights of women to write a book on women's entrepreneurship, looking globally at how women have created business, furthered themselves, and helped their families get out of poverty by using entrepreneurial ideas.
I'd recommend the University of London LLM to anybody. Prospective employers really like its standing, academics enjoy the fact that it has so much credibility, its well established and the course is so well structured that it stands out from everything else out there.'Deborah works in client management at the London office of an international provider of stock market indexes. She is also completing a PhD at SOAS, University of London. Watch an interview with Deborah Regal on YouTube at: How to apply and register Stage 5Start your studies. You will be given access to the Virtual Learning Environment and your study materials once you have registered.
Useful information for applicants Submit your application even it is incomplete (for example, if you are waiting to sit an examination or to receive examination results). Do not delay – we can issue you a Provisional Offer Letter if we can see that you You must apply online will meet our entrance requirements Please do not send original once you have completed an documents (scanned copies are acceptable).
Please read the ‘Guidance Notes If you are unsure on whether or not for Applications' before you you meet our entrance requirements complete your application.
then we might be able to advise you on this before you submit your We will notify you whether or online application. However, due not you have been accepted. to our increase in workload we are unable to provide this advice Submit your online application.
between 1 September and 30 October of each year. Complete the online registration. We explain how to do this in the For queries of an academic or career Submit your documentary evidence. Offer Letter.
related matter you may want to This can be done online when submitting your application or at Postgraduate programmes in Laws Connect with us online
Used by current and prospective students, this provides news, developments and details of the Programme Director's scheduled LLM seminars. For the latest news and updates.
Videos about the LLM programme and some of the courses available.
Electronic newsletter
This online newsletter is published three times a year.
Please note that if you progress relevant section of the application to another award, you only pay form, or contact the Inclusive Practice for the additional modules. Certain other fees may be payable You can choose to pay the to the University, such as an APL fees in one of two ways.
request fee (see programme web Either: pay the total amount pages), an examination re-entry upfront when you first enrol fee, and a fee for the production Students who are members or ex- Or: pay as you go, spreading of transcripts. These fees are not members of the UK Armed Forces the total cost.
included in the totals given opposite.
should note that the University of Pay the registration fee
London has been approved by the Ministry of Defence in support of Financial assistance the Enhanced Learning Credits (ELC) Pay the module fee each
Scheme (ELC Provider Reference time you are ready to begin No financial assistance is available from Number 1284). The Scheme provides studying a new module.
the University. Some employers in both financial support to eligible Service the public and private sector may offer personnel who wish to enhance The fees given below for 2016 financial assistance to their employees.
their educational or vocational are valid from 1 January 2016.
achievements. The ELC Administration Service website can be found at: Initial registration Fee for each module £472 The University of London International Programmes welcomes applications Total Postgraduate £3,220 £3,316 from disabled students and/or those In addition to the fees payable (5 modules and registration fee) who have specific access requirements.
to the University, you should also budget for the cost of: Total Postgraduate £5,580 £5,746 If you are disabled and/or have specific access requirements, we will make any course or tuition you
(10 modules and registration fee) every reasonable effort to meet your needs. This may include making the fee levied by your local
special arrangements for examinations examination centre. (16 modules and registration fee) such as a separate room or special The list of local examination aids. If you would like to tell us about Individual module centres can be found at: your disability and/or request special arrangements please complete the Postgraduate programmes in Laws LLM graduate, Canada ‘The University of London International Programmes LLM degree was the perfect combination of accessibility, cost, and academic reputation. I have always had an interest in legal and political philosophy and chose my courses within the LLM program accordingly. I was also motivated to obtain the Master of Laws as a prerequisite to further research, teaching and writing.' Alan worked in the Canadian civil service in a variety of management The information contained in this leaflet was correct at the date positions, and recently retired to of publication but may be subject to change. The University pursue more academic interests. does not intend by publication or distribution of this leaflet to He graduated with merit in 2014. create any contractual or other legal relation with applicants, registered students, their advisers or any other persons. For the most up-to-date information please visit our website. "The LLM degree was the
Published by University of London International perfect combination of
Programmes (Design, Editorial and Production). accessibility, cost, and
Copyright University of London, August 2015.
For further information on the range of programmes we offer, please visit our website or contact us at:The Student Advice Centre University of London United KingdomTelephone +44 (0)20 7862 8360

Source: http://ric.lk/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/llm-prospectus.pdf

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REPUBLICA DE COLOMBIA DEPARTAMENTO DEL META MUNICIPIO FUENTEDEORO MUNICIPIO DE FUENTEDEORO INVITACION PÚBLICA No. 045 de 2010 "EL SUMINISTRO DE LOS MEDICAMENTOS FORMULADOS A LA POBLACIÓN POBRE NO AFILIADA AL SGSSS Y POBLACIÓN EN SITUACIÓN DE DESPLAZAMIENTO DEL MUNICIPIO DE FUENTEDEORO

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REVISED 2004 Pharmacy Pamela D. Young, PharmD Infectious Diseases Antimicrobial Clinical University of Louisville Hospital Louisville, Kentucky NOTE for opening page: This chapter contains information presented by Patricia A. Montgomery and Laura A. Cornish in Chapter 68 of the 2002 edition of the APIC Text of Infection Control and Epidemiology.